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Issue 4 (93) / 2012

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Modeling the Evolution of the Romanian Textile Industry: Empirical Evidence of Lead-lag and Causal Relationships

Authors: Tudor Cristiana

The objective of this paper is to investigate and explain the evolution of the Romanian textile industry over the last decade. Potential explanatory factors, both systematic and industry-specific, for the dramatic industry decay are identified e.g....   more »

full text | Pages 8–12

Managing Through Strategic Performance Management in Apparel Companies

Authors: Karabay Gülseren, Kurumer Gülseren

With the participation of China in the World Trade Organization and abolition of quotas in 2005, the Turkish apparel industry has faced fierce competition. Textile and clothing producers need to develop strategies, convert these strategies into...   more »

full text | Pages 13–19

Fuzzy TOPSIS Method in Supplier Selection and Application in the Garment Industry

Authors: Yayla A. Yeşim, Yildiz Aytaç, Özbek Ahmet

In today’s world where intensive competition exists between enterprises, it is of great importance to work in cooperation with the right suppliers. Selection of the right suppliers is a significant factor in the success of enterprises....   more »

full text | Pages 20–23

Research and development

Thermal Properties of Functionalised Metallocene Polypropylene Fibres

Authors: Kristofič Michal, Ujhelyiová Anna, Ryba Jozef

In this contribution blend metallocene polypropylene (mPP) fibres modified with 4, 8, 12 wt.% of copolyamide A and 4, 8, 12 wt.% of compatibiliser L were prepared. Copolyamide A consists of 85 wt.% of e-caprolactam and...   more »

full text | Pages 24–29

Compatibilisation of PP/PA Blends

Authors: Kristofič Michal, Ujhelyiová Anna

Blending polymers is widely used for the preparation of new materials. The disadvantage of this application is that the polymer components are usually not compatible and the preparation of blends with suitable (mainly processing and mechanical)...   more »

full text | Pages 30–36

Apparatus for Measuring the Bending Fatigue Properties of High Performance Polyethylene Fibre

Authors: Cai Guangming, Shi Xian-jun, Yu Weidong, Yu Weidong

A test method for bending fatigue has been developed to determine the bending fatigue strength of fibres. This new equipment is capable of performing the bending fatigue testing of fibres under different pre-tensions, bending angles and...   more »

full text | Pages 37–40

Influence of Rheological Size Parameters on Yarn Properties

Authors: Kovačević Stana, Mijović Budimir, Grancarić Ana Marija

The paper describes the results of changed size viscosity as a function of the temperature, concentration and shear stress. The rheological properties of size with various concentrations in combination with components of synthetic sizing agents based...   more »

full text | Pages 41–46

Evaluation of the Manufacturing and Functions of Complex Yarn and Fabrics

Authors: Lin Chin Mei, Lin Ching-Wen, Yang Yi-Chang, Lou Ching-Wen, Chen An Pang, Lin Jia-Horng, Lin Jia-Horng

In this research, bamboo charcoal/spandex (BC/S) complex yarn was fabricated using spandex as the core yarn, which was then wrapped with bamboo charcoal nylon textured yarn. The core yarn was first expanded and then wrapped with...   more »

full text | Pages 47–50

Estimation of the Initial Shear Modulus of Twill Woven Denim Fabrics Based on Fabric Mechanical and Geometrical Properties

Authors: Haghighat Ezzatollah, Najar Saeed Shaikhzadeh, Ahmadloo Elaheh, Rastgoo Abbas

A new theoretical analysis is presented which predicts the initial shear modulus of twill woven denim fabrics (T3/1) in terms of fabric mechanical and geometrical properties under conditions of small strain. The warp and weft yarn...   more »

full text | Pages 51–55

Wrinkle Recovery of Flax Fabrics with Embedded Superelastic Shape Memory Alloys Wires

Authors: Vasile Simona, Ciesielska-Wróbel Izabela Luiza, Van Langenhove Lieva

The present study explores the possibility of using superelastic Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) wires to improve the wrinkle recovery of flax fabrics that exhibit very poor recovery from creasing. Three types of hybrid yarns (H1- H3)...   more »

full text | Pages 56–61

Modification of External Layers of Distance Knitted Fabrics with Elastomeric Threads and Its Effect on the Structural Parameters

Authors: Kowalski Krzysztof, Włodarczyk Bogdan

The article presents the concept of producing distance weft-knitted fabrics of relatively high thickness in regard to the needle pitch and distance between the beds of a flat knitting machine. Such construction was obtained by linking...   more »

full text | Pages 62–66

Regression Model for the Bagging Fatigue of Knitted Fabrics Produced from Viscose/Polyester Blended Rotor Yarns

Authors: Hasani Hossein, Hassan Zadeh Sanaz

The aim of this work was to predict the bagging fatigue percentage of knitted fabrics produced from viscose/polyester blended rotor yarns using blend ratios and structural cell stitch lengths as predictor variables. A simplex lattice design...   more »

full text | Pages 67–71

Measuring In-Plane Liquid Spread in Fabric Using an Embedded Image Processing Technique

Authors: Raja D., Koushik C. V., Ramakrishnan G., Subramaniam Venkatraman, Ramesh Babu V.

A new technique based on the embedded image processing principle is described to measure the in-plane liquid spread in fabric as a function of time. The water spreading area recorded with a digital camera and the...   more »

full text | Pages 72–76

Effect of the Acrylic Fibre Blend Ratio on Carpet Pile Yarn Compression Behaviour

Authors: Sheikhi H., Najar Saeed Shaikhzadeh, Etrati Seyed Mohammad, Dayiary Bidgoly M.

The aim of this research was to investigate the compression properties of acrylic cut-pile carpet consisting of pile yarn with different fibre blend ratios. Acrylic fibres with finenesses of 7.69, 10.99 and 16.48 dtex were selected...   more »

full text | Pages 77–81

Influence of Sportswear Fabric Properties on the Health and Performance of Athletes

Authors: Hassan Mounir, Hassan Mounir, Qashqary Khadijah, Hassan Hany A., Hassan Hany A., Shady Ebraheem, Alansary Mofeda

The main goal of this work was to study the Influence of sportswear fabric properties on the physiological responses and performance of athletes. The influence of three different types of sportswear fabrics on the physiological response...   more »

full text | Pages 82–88

Future Trends in the Development of Thermal Manikins Applied for the Design of Clothing Thermal Insulation

Authors: Bogdan Anna, Zwolińska Magdalena

Thermal manikins were created with the intention to design and model protective clothing insulation for specific conditions, e.g. military clothing and clothing for divers. At present thermal manikins have a broader use, i.e. to assess the...   more »

full text | Pages 89–95

Durable Anti-bacterial Nylon Carpet Using Colloidal Nano Silver

Authors: Montazer Majid , Hajimirzababa H., Rahimi M. K. , Alibakhshi S.

Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) are increasingly being incorporated in a variety of products, textiles, and in healthcare, mainly due to their antibacterial properties. The present study investigated the antimicrobial efficiency and colour changes of floor covering loaded...   more »

full text | Pages 96–101

Simulation Model for the Absorption Coefficients of Double Layered Nonwovens

Authors: Liu Xinjin, Liu Jianli, Liu Jianli, Su Xuzhong

In this paper, a more general sound absorption model for double layered nonwovens is proposed firstly by using the theory of C. Zwikker and C. W. Kosten for sound propagation through porous flexible media and sound...   more »

full text | Pages 102–107

Modification of the Classical Needle Bar and Thread Take-Up Lever Mechanism in Sewing Machines

Authors: Şafak Şerife, Şaka Ziya, Özçelik Ziya

One of the most important mechanisms used in sewing machines is the needle bar and takeup lever mechanism. Being almost the same in nearly all classical sewing machines, this mechanism enables sewing by allowing movement of...   more »

full text | Pages 108–111

General Information


in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 19/27 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Str., 90-570 Łódź, Poland e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl; ftee@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT