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Influence of Sportswear Fabric Properties on the Health and Performance of Athletes

Research and development

Authors:

  • Hassan Mounir
    Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Hassan Mounir
    Department of Textile Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
  • Qashqary Khadijah
    Department of Fashion Design, Faculty of Art & Design, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Hassan Hany A.
    College of Applied Medical Sciences, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
  • Hassan Hany A.
    Sport Health Science Department, Faculty of Physical Education, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
  • Shady Ebraheem
    Department of Textile Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
  • Alansary Mofeda
    Department of Fashion Design, Faculty of Art & Design, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

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Abstract:

The main goal of this work was to study the Influence of sportswear fabric properties on the physiological responses and performance of athletes. The influence of three different types of sportswear fabrics on the physiological response and performance of volunteers in sports conditions was investigated. The fabrics and garments tested were made of 100% cotton, a 65/35 polyester/cotton blend and 100% polyester fibres. Seven volunteer were selected to wear the sportswear during the physical exercise assigned and their physiological responses were tested. The results of the study show a statistically significant effect on the athletes’ physiological responses and performance parameters measured for the different types of sportswear tested. The sample with 100% polyester produced the best physiological responses and performance from the athletes. This effect can be related to better moisture management, which reflects the amount of relative water vapour permeability (68%) and lower thermal conductivity. This will enhance the body’s temperature regulation leading to increase athletes’ cardiorespiratory fitness and performance. The results also show the high correlation between the sportswear fabrics properties and athletes’ physiological responses and performance, except the relationship between the end-tidal partial pressure of oxygen (PETO2) and fabric thickness (h), air permeability (AP) and thermal resistance (r), which are not highly correlated. The other correlation values vary between (±0.62 and (±1).

Tags:

sportswear fabrics, comfort properties, athletes’ physiological responses, performance of athlets.

Citation:

Hassan M, Qashqary K, Hassan HA, Shady E, Alansary M. Influence of Sportswear Fabric Properties on the Health and Performance of Athletes. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2012; 20, 4(93): 82-88.

Published in issue no 4 (93) / 2012, pages 82–88.

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