Where you are: Home pageYear 2012Issue 6 (95)

Issue 6A (95) / 2012

Title page       Contents

Editor letter
General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Role of Consumers’ Input into the Development of Innovations. Innovative Trends in the Textile and Clothing Industry and the Needs of Polish Consumers

Authors: Koszewska Małgorzata

Until recently the textile and clothing industry has been developed based on technological and cost factors. As a result, manufacturers have generally implemented research/technology- driven and price-driven innovations rather than user/consumer-driven innovations. The aim of this...   more »

full text | Pages 9–15

Analysis of the Polish Market Potential for Innovative Medical Products Made of Alginate Fibres, with Special Reference to Alginate Wound Dressings

Authors: Czajkowski Tomasz, Boguń Maciej

The article presents an analysis of the market potential in Poland for different applications of medical products made of alginate fibres. Emphasis is especially put on wound dressings; however, such issues as tissue engineering or alginate...   more »

full text | Pages 16–21

Greening of the Textile and Clothing Industry

Authors: Eryuruk Selin Hanife 

Today consumers are becoming more aware of the need to protect the environment, and companies use these terms to promote their goods or services with eco-labels. Environmentally friendly (also eco-friendly, nature friendly, and green) are terms...   more »

full text | Pages 22–27

Assessment of Prospect of Textile Technologies for Medical Devices

Authors: Struszczyk Marcin H., Olejnik Magdalena

This article includes the assessment of fibrous medical devices as well as borderline products from the point of view of expenditures necessary for the realisation of research and implementation in industrial and clinical practices, the range...   more »

full text | Pages 28–36

Application of Exergy Analysis to Textile Printing Process

Authors: Çay Ahmet, Ozguney Arif Taner, Yavaş Arzu

This study reveals an exergetic analysis of the reactive and pigment printing processes. Exergy models of the printing processes were formed and each step examined in terms of exergetic parameters. In the printing machine, the reactive...   more »

full text | Pages 37–42

Research and development

Comparitive Investigation of Mechanical Indices of Sheep’s Wool and Dog Hair Fibre

Authors: Ragaišienė Audronė, Rusinavičiūtė Jolita

The aim of this research is to analyse and compare mechanical indices – breaking force, tenacity, elongation at break, work of break, and toughness of dog’s hair and sheep’s wool fibre and to investigate the relationship...   more »

full text | Pages 43–47

Tensile Properties of Knotted Line Flax Spun Yarns

Authors: Petrulis Donatas, Petrulyte Salvinija

The various tensile properties of knotted line flax spun yarns have been studied by applying a tensile test for four different structures of knots, namely the square knot, overhand knot, weaver’s knot, and fisherman’s knot. Four...   more »

full text | Pages 48–53

Abrasion Behavior of Yarns at Right Angle for Ring and Rotor Spun Yarn

Authors: Alamdar-Yazdi A., Heppler G. R.

This paper investigates yarn abrasion behaviour based on the yarn structure, twist factor and fibre alignment at the rubbing contact points (twist direction at contact points). First yarns arranged at right angle (utilized with a high...   more »

full text | Pages 54–57

Investigation of Fly Generation During Cone-Winding Using the Image Processing Technique

Authors: Ghane Mohammad, Karbalaei Tafti Seyed Mohammad, Semnani Dariush, Sheikhzadeh Mohammad

Fibre fly generation is a major problem for the textile industry, not only for health reasons but also because of quality problems associated with products. In this work, fiber fly generation during the cone-winding process was...   more »

full text | Pages 58–62

Analysis of Breaking Characteristics of Tape Yarns Made from Blends of Polyolefins and Additives

Authors: Petrulis Donatas, Petravičius Artūras, Petrulyte Salvinija

Samples of experimental tape yarns of different width, linear density, and composition data, i.e. composed from blends of polyolefins, namely polypropylene (PP) with linear lowdensity polyethylene (LLDPE) (1-octene comonomer), and additives were produced on an extruder...   more »

full text | Pages 63–68

Selection of Optimal Formation Parameters of Polypropylene Fibrillated Fibres Designed for Concrete Reinforcement

Authors: Broda Jan, Przybyło Stanisława, Lewandowski Stanisław

For the reinforcement of concrete, fibrillated polypropylene fibres are used. The effectiveness of the reinforcement depends on the fibre geometry as well the mechanical parameters. The production of fibrillated fibres is a multistage process in which...   more »

full text | Pages 69–74

Chaotic Vibrations of an Object Supported on a Layer of Fibres

Authors: Zajączkowski Jerzy

The dynamic properties of a mathematical model of a layer of fibres are studied in this paper. It is shown that the layer significantly restricts the amplitude of vibration of a supported mass, which is subject...   more »

full text | Pages 75–77

Load-Elongation Characteristics of Connecting and Shock-Absorbing Components of Personal Fall Arrest Systems

Authors: Baszczyński Krzysztof, Jachowicz Marcin

The process of arresting a fall from a height by protective equipment is characterised by two most important values: the arrest force and the distance over which the fall arrest occurs. The time course of these values is...   more »

full text | Pages 78–85

Image Processing Based Method Evaluating Fabric Structure Characteristics

Authors: Shady Ebraheem, Qashqary Khadijah, Hassan Mounir, Hassan Mounir, Militký Jiři

A digital image processing approach was developed to evaluate fabric structure characteristics and to recognise the weave pattern utilising a Wiener filter. Images of six different groups were obtained and used for analysis. The groups included three different...   more »

full text | Pages 86–90

Analysis of Vibrotactile Perception via e-Textile Structure Using Fuzzy Logic

Authors: Kursun-Bahadir Senem , Kursun-Bahadir Senem , Kalaoğlu Fatma, Koncar Vladan

The aim of this study is to evaluate vibrotactile perception via an e-textile structure on different parts of the body by different signal types and frequencies. First an e-textile structure was developed by the integration of a vibration...   more »

full text | Pages 91–97

Modelling and Designing Compression Garments with Unit Pressure Assumed for Body Circumferences of a Variable Curvature Radius

Authors: Kowalski Krzysztof, Mielicka Elżbieta, Kowalski Tomasz Marek

The paper presents a basis for modelling compression garments with the intended value of unit pressure for the body circumference of a variable curvature radius. The Laplace law, mechanical characteristic of a knitted fabric and the local curvature...   more »

full text | Pages 98–102

Influence of the Rigid Element Area on the Compression Properties of Knitted Orthopaedic Supports

Authors: Ališauskienė Diana, Mikučioniené Daiva

This study attempts to investigate the influence of the area of a rigid element integrated into a knitted orthopaedic support on its elasticity. Usually researches analyse compression and other properties of compressive stockings and do not investigate the...   more »

full text | Pages 103–107

Study of the Effect of Heat Stress on the Damage of the Fibre Matrix Interface of a Composite Material (T300/914) by Means of a Genetic Algorithm

Authors: Mokaddem Allel, Allami Mohamed, Temimi L., Boutaous Ahmed

The aim of this paper is to develop an analytical model to evaluate the influence of thermal stress on damage to the fiber-matrix interface of a composite T300/914 from the properties of the fibre, as well as from...   more »

full text | Pages 108–111

Experimental Investigations and Finite Element Model of Heat and Moisture Transfer in Multilayer Textile Packages

Authors: Barauskas Rimantas, Baltušnikaite Julija, Abraitienė Aušra, Grinevičiūtė Diana

New textile technologies based on lamination and thermoplastic film or volumetric textile architecture creation enable to achieve many desirable effects providing necessary ballistic protection along with a considerable improvement in wearing comfort. In this study a prototype active ventilation...   more »

full text | Pages 112–118

Textile Composite Materials with Bioactive Melt-Blown Nonwovens for Protective Footwear

Authors: Irzmańska Emilia , Brochocka Agnieszka, Majchrzycka Katarzyna

This paper presents the results of a study into textile composite materials designed to be used for the manufacture of insoles for permeation-resistant protective footwear (all-rubber). Due to the special conditions in which the insoles are to be...   more »

full text | Pages 119–125

Synthesis and Stab Resistance of Shear Thickening Fluid (STF) Impregnated Glass Fabric Composites

Authors: Yu Kejing, Cao Haijian, Qian Kun, Jiang Lingling, Li Hongshun

A shear thickening fluid (STF) was prepared successfully and its rheological behavior was investigated. Glass fabrics were soaked in STF/ethanol solution to prepare STF-glass fabric composites. The morphologies of the STF-glass fabric composites were observed by SEM. Quasi-static stab-resistant...   more »

full text | Pages 126–128

Textile Antenna for Personal Radio Communications System – Materials and Technology

Authors: Januszkiewicz Łukasz, Hausman Sławomir, Kacprzak Tomasz, Michalak Marina, Krucińska Izabella, Bilska Jadwiga

Development in the field of electronic circuit technology has resulted in the miniaturisation of radio transceiver integrated circuits. This gives the possibility of embedding radio transceivers directly into a garment. The product obtained (garment + electronic transmitter) can have...   more »

full text | Pages 129–133

Sewing Speed Control Software in Conditions of Operator-Machine Interaction

Authors: Rybicki Marian, Cichocka Agnieszka

The functionality of the programmable drive control system of a sewing machine with open cycle technology was tested, built according to the author’s earlier work. It was found that the feeding mechanism of the sewing machine...   more »

full text | Pages 134–140

General Information


in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 19/27 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Str., 90-570 Łódź, Poland e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl; ftee@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT