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Issue 5 (94) / 2012

Title page       Contents

Editor letter
General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Importance of Intellectual Capital in Enterprise Growth, with Special Emphasis on the Textile and Clothing Industry in Poland

Authors: Malinowska-Olszowy Monika

This article is an attempt to depict the status of intellectual capital management among textile and clothing manufacturers in Poland. Its first part deals with theoretical issues, explains the notion and nature of intellectual capital, introduces...   more »

full text | Pages 10–15

Prediction of Textile Waste Profile and Recycling Opportunities in Turk

Authors: Altun Şule

Effective utilisation and disposal of textile wastes requires an accurate prediction of solid waste generation. This research predicted the waste quantity generated in households and in industrial facilities in Turkey via surveys, factory research and official...   more »

full text | Pages 16–20

Research and development

Preparation and Characterisation of PSA/CNT Composites and Fibres

Authors: Chen Zhuoming, Xin Binjie, Wu Xiangji, Wang Xiaofeng, Du Weiping

In this paper, polysulfonamide/carbon nanotube (PSA/CNT) composite solutions with different CNT contents were prepared using the physical blending method. Corresponding composite fibers were extruded and fabricated through a set of wet spinning units, and composite membranes...   more »

full text | Pages 21–25

Study of Self-twist Distribution Functions in Different Convergence Modes

Authors: Cui Hong, Yu Chongwen

Twist distribution functions of self-twist yarn are examined by calculating the twist distribution functions of two strands from the nip of self-twist rollers to the convergence point in three different convergence modes. Twist distribution curves of...   more »

full text | Pages 26–29

Optimization of Parameters Influencing Mercerization Using the RSM Method
in Order to Increase the Tensile Strength of Mercerized Yarn

Authors: Akhbari Mehdi, Zahiri Abdulreza, Bassam Seyed Jalal Eddin

In this study, five parameters of a mercerising machine, four parameters of untreated yarn and three parameters of the caustic soda bath affecting the tensile strength of mercerised yarn were investigated. Experiments were designed with the...   more »

full text | Pages 30–35

Comparative Research of the Dynamic Young’s Module of Fibres

Authors: Więcek Tomasz, Konecki Włodzimierz

This work presents an investigation of the dynamic Young’s modulus for fibres of varied thickness performed on an Impulse Mechanical Spectrometer (IMS) and Dynamic Mechanical Analyser (DMA). The IMS was designed and built by the authors...   more »

full text | Pages 36–40

Methodology for Evaluation of Fabric Geometry on the Basis of the Fabric Cross-Section

Authors: Kolčavová Sirková Brigita, Vyšanská Monika

A woven fabric structure is defined by mutual threads interlacing in the fabric as well as the basic parameters of the fabric. The interrelation among fabric parameters can be obtained by considering a geometrical model of...   more »

full text | Pages 41–47

Twist Direction Effect on the Mechanical Properties of Woven Fabric

Authors: Mollanoori M., Alamdar-Yazdi A.

This work deals with the role that twist directions at the contact point of warp and weft play in the mechanical behaviour of fabrics. Two sets of 100 percent combed cotton yarns (20 tex) of different...   more »

full text | Pages 48–55

Effect of Weave Structures on the Low Stress Mechanical Properties of Woven Cotton Fabrics

Authors: Sankaran V., Subramaniam Venkatraman

The introduction of parameters such as CFF (crossing over firmness factor) FYF (floating yarn factor) and FFF (fabric firmness factor) by research workers to represent fabric structures has improved our understanding of them. In this study...   more »

full text | Pages 56–59

Study of BTCA and Nano-TiO2 Effect on Wrinkle Force and Recovery of Cotton/Polyester Blended Fabric

Authors: Azad Aryan, Hezavehi Emadaldin, Shahvazian Mohammad, Zolgharnein Peyman

In this study the wrinkle force and recovery, elongation, strength, Poisson’s ratio and initial modulus of cotton/polyester blended fabric (65/35%) have been investigated. Different samples were considered after being treated by 1,2,3,4-butane tetra carboxylic acid (BTCA)...   more »

full text | Pages 60–65

Influence of Plain Knits Structure on Flammability and Air Permeability

Authors: Mikučioniené Daiva, Milašiute Laima, Baltušnikaite Julija, Milašius Rimvydas

The investigations of the influence of knit structure, i.e. linear density of yarns, loop length and tightness factor of the knit on garment flammability and permeability to air is presented in this paper. The investigations were...   more »

full text | Pages 66–69

Mechanical Properties of Auxetic and Conventional Polypropylene Random Short Fibre Reinforced Composites

Authors: Uzun Muhammet, Uzun Muhammet

In this study, prior to the production of composites, auxetic and conventional polypropylene (PP) fibres were produced by the melt spinning technique. The fibres were tested and analysed in terms of Poisson’s ratio, linear density, elongation...   more »

full text | Pages 70–74

Study on an Optimal Design of Mechanical Properties for PP/PET Nonwovens

Authors: Hong Gui-Bing, Hong Gui-Bing

This study aimed to determine the optimal process parameters of needle-punched nonwoven fabrics, and obtain the maximal strength of needle-punched nonwoven fabrics. The Taguchi approach and grey relational analysis were used to solve the multi-quality optimisation...   more »

full text | Pages 75–79

Thermographic Assessment of Sweat Evaporation inside Clothing Systems

Authors: Mijović Budimir, Salopek Čubrić Ivana, Skenderi Zenun, Reischl Uwe

The purpose of the research project was to determine whether or not thermography can be used for assessing heat and moisture transport inside clothing systems worn by active duty police officers. An infrared camera system was...   more »

full text | Pages 81–86

Simulation of the Drapability of Textile Semi-Finished Products with Gradient-Drapability Characteristics by Varying the Fabric Weave

Authors: Hübner Matthias, Diestel Olaf, Sennewald Cornelia, Gereke Thomas, Cherif Chokri

The design of 3D component parts made of fiber-reinforced composites for load bearing applications demands a load oriented fiber alignement. During the draping of the textile an undefined displacement of fibers up to wrinkle formation occurs....   more »

full text | Pages 88–93

Analysis of the Main Properties of Geotextiles Manufactured by Mechanical Two-Sided Needle Punching and by Two-Layered Needle Punching on the Fabric Underlay

Authors: Malkiewicz Jadwiga, Drobina Robert, Lewandowski Stanisław

An analysis of the basic properties of geotextiles obtained by two-sided needle punching and by two-layered needle punching on the fabric underlay is presented in this paper. The influence of geotextile production technology on their functional...   more »

full text | Pages 94–98

Comparative Evaluation of Test Methods for Cut Resistance of Protective Gloves According to Polish Standards

Authors: Irzmańska Emilia , Stefko Agnieszka

This paper concerns a comparative evaluation of methods for testing the cut resistance of gloves protecting against mechanical injuries according to PN-EN 388:2006 and PN-EN ISO 13997:2003 standards. The results of preliminary tests indicated that the...   more »

full text | Pages 99–103

General Information


FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
tel. (48-42) 638-03-14,
fax (48-42) 637-65-01
e-mail: infor@ibwch.lodz.pl

ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 1927, 90-570 Łódź, Poland • tel.  (48-42) 638-03-00 , fax (48-42) 637-65-01 • e-mail: infor@ibwch.lodz.plhttp://www.fibtex.lodz.pl

Editor-in-Chief Emilia Jaszczurska, V-ce Editor-in-Chief Marta Cyrczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna Wahl, Typesetting and Printed at Media-Press • Production IBWCh