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Effect of Weave Structures on the Low Stress Mechanical Properties of Woven Cotton Fabrics

Research and development


  • Sankaran V.
    Department of Textile Technology, Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore, India
  • Subramaniam Venkatraman
    Department of Textile Technology, Jaya Engineering College, Chennai, India

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The introduction of parameters such as CFF (crossing over firmness factor) FYF (floating yarn factor) and FFF (fabric firmness factor) by research workers to represent fabric structures has improved our understanding of them. In this study two groups of fabrics comprising different weaves with the same warp and weft count and sett were produced. Five fabrics in the first group and eleven fabrics in the second group were considered. The fabrics were evaluated for low stress mechanical properties, and correlation coefficients were calculated between the various parameters and properties. While the results showed that the correlation between shear, crease recovery, tensile, and air permeability was very good, the correlation between the hand value and parameters was poor. Bending rigidity and hysteresis were well correlated with the parameters in the second group of fabrics. The correlation between CFF and FFF is found to be excellent in both groups.


crossing over firmness factor, floating yarn factor, fabric firmness factor, correlation, weave structure, low stress mechanical properties, cotton fabrics.


Sankaran V, Subramaniam V. Effect of Weave Structures on the Low Stress Mechanical Properties of Woven Cotton Fabrics. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2012; 20, 5(94): 56-59.

Published in issue no 5 (94) / 2012, pages 56–59.


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