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Issue 1 (90) / 2012

Title page       Contents
 

General problems of the fibre and textile industries
Research and development

Properties and Structure of Polish Alpaca Wool

Authors: Czaplicki Zdzislaw

This paper reports on the structure and most significant parameters of wool from alpacas bred in Poland. The external and internal structures of the fibre were evaluated based on microscopic observations of the fibre surface and...   more »

full text | Pages 8–12

Bioprocessing of Bamboo Materials

Authors: Fu Jiajia, Fu Jiajia, Zhang Xingqun, Yu Chongwen , Guebitz Georg M., Cavaco-Paulo Artur

Bamboo culms were processed using microorganisms, and fibre bundles were obtained. Bacteria and fungi with xylanase activity were isolated from the bamboo retting system. Chemical composition analysis of the fibre bundles obtained showed that the components...   more »

full text | Pages 13–19

Tensile Properties of Regenerated Bamboo Yarn

Authors: Li Long, Yan Hongqin

The tensile property of regenerated bamboo yarn of 14.58 tex was studied using an HD021N single yarn tensile tester at different tensile speeds (100, 500, 1000, 2000, 3000, 4000, and 5000 mm/min). It was observed that...   more »

full text | Pages 20–22

Using Intelligent Control Systems to Predict Textile Yarn Quality

Authors: Nurwaha Deogratias, Wang Xin Hou, Wang Xin Hou

This study describes the application of intelligent control systems in textile engineering
and how to use these approaches for developing a spun yarn quality prediction system.
The Multilayer Perceptron Neural Network(MLPNN), Support Vector Machines(SVMs),
the Radial...   more »

full text | Pages 23–27

Study of the Stress Relaxation Property of Vortex Spun Yarn in Comparison with Air-jet Spun Yarn and Ring Spun Yarn

Authors: Zou ZhuanYong, Zou ZhuanYong

The structure of vortex spun yarn made by the Murata vortex spinning machine is different from that of other yarns, such as ring spun yarn, air-jet spun yarn and so on. The stress relaxation model is constructed by...   more »

full text | Pages 28–32

Study of the Hairiness of Polyester-Viscose Blended Yarns. Part III - Predicting Yarn Hairiness Using an Artificial Neural Network

Authors: Haghighat Ezzatollah, Johari Majid Safar, Etrati Seyed Mohammad, Tehran Mohammad Amani

The hairiness of blended yarns is influenced by several parameters at the ring frame. For this reason, it is necessary to develop a model based on experimental evidence that includes all known processing factors. The generalised...   more »

full text | Pages 33–38

New Technique for Producing Weft-Warp Knitted Fabrics

Authors: Kopias Kazimierz

The combination of two groups of knitted structures, weft knitted and warp knitted fabrics, into one constitutive weft-warp knitted stitch enables to obtain new properties of knitted fabrics. This paper presents a new technique for producing...   more »

full text | Pages 39–41

Determination of Natural Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient for Plain Knitted Fabric via CFD Modeling

Authors: Duru Cimilli S., Deniz E., Candan Cevza, Nergis Banu Uygun

In this study, the natural convective heat transfer coefficient for plain knitted fabric is estimated by numerical modeling, and the applicability of commercial software using the finite volume method (FVM) to textile problems was investigated. For...   more »

full text | Pages 42–46

Assessment of the Thermoregulation Properties of Textiles with Fibres Containing Phase Change Materials on the Basis of Laboratory Experiments

Authors: Bartkowiak Grażyna, Dąbrowska Anna

The problem of thermal discomfort affects thousands of people. One of the ways of reducing this problem is introducing phase change materials, which have an ability to absorb the excess heat in protective clothing. In this...   more »

full text | Pages 47–52

Electrical Conductivity of Woven Fabrics Coated with Carbon Black Particles

Authors: Negru Daniela, Buda Cozmin-Toma, Avram Dorin

The aim of this work was to develop a textile fabric with electrical conductivity. This fabric was made from cotton yarns coated with a solution based on carbon black. This paper reports the results of preparing...   more »

full text | Pages 53–56

Electrical Conductive Textiles Obtained by Screen Printing

Authors: Kazani Ilda, Hertleer Carla, De Mey Gilbert, Schwarz Anne, Guxho Genti, Van Langenhove Lieva

Due to the emergence of smart textiles and wearable textile systems, the need for electrically conductive textiles has become increasingly clear. Often this conductivity is achieved by integrating metal particles, fibres or yarns into textiles or...   more »

full text | Pages 57–63

Design and Development of a Pressure Sensing Device for Analysing the Pressure Comfort of Elastic Garments

Authors: Senthilkumar M., Ashok Kumar L., Anbumani N.

In this paper, a pressure sensing device for analysing pressure comfort on elastic garments was designed and developed. The device was calibrated and tested on different compression garments for its reliability. This pressure comfort measurement device...   more »

full text | Pages 64–69

Antibacterial and Fungicidal Coating of Textile-polymeric Materials Filled with Bioactive Nano- and Submicro-particles

Authors: Brzeziński Stefan, Malinowska Grażyna, Kowalczyk Dorota , Kaleta Agnieszka, Borak Beata, Jasiorski Marek, Dąbek Katarzyna, Baszczuk Agnieszka, Tracz Adam

This paper presents a method of antibacterial and fungicidal active particles production and conditions of their use in textile-polymeric coating materials with a wide range of practical applications, including clothing or health preventive measures. The functional...   more »

full text | Pages 70–77

Modification of PLA Fibres with Bioacceptable Hydrophilic Polymers

Authors: Połowiński Stefan, Jantas Roman, Szumilewicz Joanna, Stawski Dawid, Herczyńska Lucyna, Draczyński Zbigniew

This paper presents methods for the preparation of systems composed of polylactide (PLA) nonwoven and selected bioacceptable polymers such as poly(acrylic acid) (PAA), Carbopol, poly(N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate), (PDAMA), alginic acid (AlgA), chitosan (CHN) and gelatin. The modification...   more »

full text | Pages 78–85

Polyaniline (PANI) Composites − Preparation in Carbonated Water, PANI/Pulp Paper Sheet, and PANI/Surfactant

Authors: Goto Hiromasa, Kawashima Hirotsugu

The polymerisation of aniline in the presence of pulp was carried out in saturated carbonated water in the place of sulfuric acid for the preparation of a PANI/pulp composite, and a conductive paper sheet was prepared...   more »

full text | Pages 86–89

Experimental Investigation of the Washing Relaxation of Knitted Fabrics from Polyester Yarn with Stainless Steel Fibres

Authors: Ehrmann née Tillmanns Andrea, Heimlich Frank, Brücken Andrea, Weber Marcus O., Blachowicz Tomasz

In order to mathematically describe the washing relaxation of knitted fabrics from manmade fibres, we performed different experiments with 50 - 100 washing cycles. While washing with detergent was shown to lead to a logarithmic increase...   more »

full text | Pages 90–93

Formaldehyde Free Binding System for Flame Retardant Finishing of Cotton Fabrics

Authors: Katović Drago, Flinčec Grgac Sandra, Bischof Vukušić Sandra, Katović Andrea

The promising application of citric acid (CA) and 1,2,3,4-butanetetracarboxylic acid (BTCA) for the purpose of flame retardant (FR) finishing was investigated. Both polycarboxylic acids (PCAs) were applied as an environmentally friendly binder in a reaction with...   more »

full text | Pages 94–98

Effect of UV/H2O2 Oxidation on Fouling in Textile Wastewater Nanofiltration

Authors: Żyłła Renata, Sójka-Ledakowicz Jadwiga, Michalska Karina, Kos Lech, Ledakowicz Stanisław

The aim of the work was to investigate the effect of UV/H2O2 chemical oxidation on fouling in the process of nanofiltration. Investigations were carried out for model textile wastewater from the dyeing of cellulose fibers with direct reactive...   more »

full text | Pages 99–104

Dynamic Changes in the Filtration Efficiency of Cooling Oil Filter Media

Authors: Jankowski Tomasz

Metal-working fluids are used in machining and grinding operations to cool the tool and work piece, reduce the friction between the tool and work, improve the surface integrity of the work piece and increase tool life and productivity....   more »

full text | Pages 105–112

Effect of the Free Swelling of Refined Cellulose Fibres on the Mechanical Properties of Paper

Authors: Olejnik Konrad

The purpose of this work was to determine the optimal duration of free swelling for refined unbleached kraft pine pulp. Free swelling is the effect of water sorption by cellulose fibres without their simultaneous mechanical treatment (e.g. refining)....   more »

full text | Pages 113–116

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