Where you are: Home pageYear 2012Issue 2 (91)

Issue 2 (91) / 2012

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Innovation of the Polish Textile Sector with Respect to Antibacterial and Bacteriostatic Textiles

Authors: Bakalarczyk Sebastian

The situation of many Polish textile producers is difficult. Lifting import quotas on textile products following Polish accession to the EU and the Schengen zone has resulted in a vast increase in the supply of apparel and textile...   more »

full text | Pages 13–17

Research and development

Ethnobotany of Natural Fibres - Bactris setosa (tucum) in a Traditional Rural Community

Authors: Sato Duarte Adriana Yumi, Santiago de Queiroz Rayana, Santiago de Queiroz Rayana, Sanches Regina Aparecida, Garcia Claudia Regina, Dedini Franco Giuseppe

This work aimed to study the characteristics of the fibres of the species Bactris setosa (‘tucum’) used by close-knit social groups, located in Sorocaba – Săo Paulo - Brazil, in basketmaking techniques, for possible applications in textile activity....   more »

full text | Pages 18–20

Physical and Chemical Properties of Different Morphological Parts of Sugar Palm Fibres

Authors: Sahari Japar, Sahari Japar, Sapuan S. M. , Sapuan S. M. , Ismarrubie Z. N. , Rahman M. Z. A.

Recently, due to increased environmental concerns, scientists and technologists have placed great importance on the application of natural fibres, especially in biocomposites. The sugar palm tree is one of the most popular natural fibres used in engineering applications. A...   more »

full text | Pages 21–24

Mechanical Properties of an Electrospun Polymer Fibre-Metal Oxide Nanocomposite Mat

Authors: Krupa Andrzej, Jaworek Anatol, Sundarrajan Subramanian, Pliszka Damian, Ramakrishna Seeram

The paper presents experimental results on the investigations of mechanical properties of nanocomposite mats produced by the method of core-shell electrospinning. By this method, the nanofibers were covered with metal-oxide nanoparticles, co-deposited from colloidal suspension during...   more »

full text | Pages 25–27

Coaxial Electrospinning of Miscible PLLA-Core and PDLLA-Shell Solutions and Indirect Visualisation of the Core-Shell Fibres Obtained

Authors: Kriel Haydn, Sanderson Ronald D., Smit Eugene

Core-shell fibres of semi-crystalline poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) (core) and amorphous poly(D,L-lactic acid) (PDLLA) (shell) were produced through the coaxial electrospinning of two miscible solutions. Due to the poor contrast between the PDLLA and PLLA, the core-shell...   more »

full text | Pages 28–33

Experimental Study on the Mechanic Behaviour of Weft Knitted Fabrics

Authors: Ciobanu Luminita, Filipescu Florin

The paper presents the results of an extensive investigation regarding the tensile behaviour of knitted fabrics with basic evolutions, made of two types of yarns: classic acrylic yarn (used for garments) and PES HT yarn (used...   more »

full text | Pages 34–39

Influence of the Knitting Structure of Double-Layered Fabrics on the Heat Transfer Process

Authors: Bivainyte Asta, Mikučioniené Daiva, Milašiene Daiva

Most of the studies carried out in this area have been devoted to measuring static thermal properties. Nevertheless, not only the amount of heat released to the environment is important but also the process of heat...   more »

full text | Pages 40–43

Analysis and Design of a Broad-Width Coat-Hanger Die in the Melt Blowing Process

Authors: Meng Kai, Wang Xin Hou, Chen Qing Guan

The coat-hanger die plays the role of distributing the molten polymer uniformly across its width so as to ensure the transverse uniformity of the product in the melt blowing process. This paper focused on the design...   more »

full text | Pages 44–47

Texture Modelling of Fabric Appearance Evaluation Based on Image Analysis

Authors: Xin Binjie, Li Yanmei, Qiu Jianxin, Liu Yan

This paper presents the development of a fairly new texture modelling method based on image analysis for the purpose of objective quality evaluation of fabric appearance. co-occurrence matrix analysis is used to give quantitative descriptions of...   more »

full text | Pages 48–52

Estimation of the EMR Shielding Effectiveness of Knit Structures

Authors: Ciesielska-Wróbel Izabela Luiza, Ciesielska-Wróbel Izabela Luiza, Grabowska Katarzyna Ewa

This paper describes the creation of and tests performed on knit structures of three types (left-right stitch (I), double-layer (II), and double-layer with additional fillings (III)), which contain ferromagnetic materials and electroconductive materials and are designed...   more »

full text | Pages 53–60

Manufacturing of Fibreglass Nonwoven Webs Using a Paper Making Method and Study of Fibre Orientation in These Webs

Authors: Yousfani Sheraz Hussain Siddique, Gong Rong Hugh, Porat Isaac

Nonwovens are manufactured by different methods such as dry laying, wet laying, spunbonding and melt blowing. This paper discusses the processing of chopped fibreglass strands to form nonwoven webs using the wet laying process. Chopped fibreglass...   more »

full text | Pages 61–67

Using Vacuum Deposition Technologyfor the Manufacturing of Electro-Conductive Layers on the Surface of Textiles

Authors: Pawlak Ryszard, Korzeniewska Ewa, Frydrysiak Michał, Zięba Janusz, Tęsiorowski Łukasz, Gniotek Krzysztof, Stempień Zbigniew, Tokarska Magdalena

Work associated with obtaining an electroconductive layer on the surface of selected textile structures using vacuum deposition technology is described in the paper. The vacuum deposition method gives the opportunity to receive products if the metal...   more »

full text | Pages 68–72

Textronic Sensor for Monitoring Respiratory Rhythm

Authors: Frydrysiak Michał, Zięba Janusz

This paper describes the design of a textronic sensor for monitoring respiratory rhythm. The sensor, made of electroconductive materials, has a fabric structure and is knitted into a shirt.Tests were performed on a measuring stand and...   more »

full text | Pages 74–78

Prototypes of Carbon Nanotube-Based Textile Sensors Manufactured by the Screen Printing Method

Authors: Krucińska Izabella, Skrzetuska Ewa, Urbaniak–Domagała Wiesława

In the present work the authors made textile sensors by the screen printing method with the use of carbon nanotubes. The sensors obtained are intended for monitoring dangers in direct contact with the body. For this...   more »

full text | Pages 79–83

Activated Carbon / Dibutyrylchitin (DBC) as Fibrous Antibacterial Noncytotoxic Wound Dressing Material

Authors: Gliścińska Eulalia, Babeł Krzysztof, Krucińska Izabella, Kowalczyk Edward

In this study, a noncytotoxic fibrous dressing material was developed using an activated carbon nonwoven, directly overlaid with dibutyrylchitin fibres by electrospinning. This dressing material is designed for wounds that are hard to heal. Its sorption...   more »

full text | Pages 84–90

Influence of Bleaching Stages and Dyeing Process on Changes in a Selected Heavy Metal Content in Flax Fibres

Authors: Matyjas-Zgondek Edyta, Szynkowska Małgorzata I., Pawlaczyk Aleksandra, Rybicki Edward

Raw flax fibres consist of over 70% cellulose, over 20% hemicelluloses, pectins and lignins, 2.5% wax and fat, and 3% proteins. Non-cellulosic substances constitute a glue connecting elementary fibres. Because of the huge content of hydrophobic...   more »

full text | Pages 91–95

New Approach to the Safety Evaluation of Textile Goods. Part I. Bioindicative
Measuring Method for Formaldehyde Content in Textiles

Authors: Salerno-Kochan Renata

This article presents research results of the adaptation of the bioinducative measuring method to evaluate the toxicity of textiles. In the experiment, Tetrahymena pyriformis as a bioindicator and formaldehyde, a well known toxic substance used in...   more »

full text | Pages 96–101

Evaluation of the Possibilities of Upgrading the Papermaking Potential for Different Recycled Pulp Grades

Authors: Olejnik Konrad, Stanisławska Anna, Wysocka-Robak Agnieszka, Przybysz Piotr

The effectiveness of two regeneration methods (i.e. improvement of the papermaking potential) for five different grades of recycled fibres was investigated in present work. In the first method, only the refining operation was used, and in...   more »

full text | Pages 102–106

Conferences, Fairs and Other Events


  more »

full text | Pages 108–111

Sponsored Article

Nanotechnology - Methods of Manufacturing Cellulose Nanofibres

Authors: Szczęsna-Antczak Mirosława, Kazimierczak Janusz, Antczak Tadeusz

Nanotechnology is still a new science, but already fully developed and increasingly used in everyday life. Cellulose is a polymer of low cost and is also hydrophilic, chiral and can be easily subject to chemical modifications....   more »

full text | Pages 8–12

General Information


in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 19/27 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Str., 90-570 Łódź, Poland e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl; ftee@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT