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Physical and Chemical Properties of Different Morphological Parts of Sugar Palm Fibres

Research and development

Authors:

  • Sahari Japar
    Laboratory of Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology, Institute of Advanced Technology, Serdang, Malaysia
  • Sahari Japar
    Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia
  • Sapuan S. M.
    Laboratory of Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology, Institute of Advanced Technology, Serdang, Malaysia
  • Sapuan S. M.
    Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia
  • Ismarrubie Z. N. (j/w)
  • Rahman M. Z. A.
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia

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Abstract:

Recently, due to increased environmental concerns, scientists and technologists have placed great importance on the application of natural fibres, especially in biocomposites. The sugar palm tree is one of the most popular natural fibres used in engineering applications. A study on the fundamental properties of fibres from different morphological parts of the sugar palm plant, which are bunch, black sugar palm fibre, locally known as ijuk, trunk and frond was carried out in order to evaluate their potential as eventual raw materials for reinforced polymer composites. From this study, it wasd found that sugar palm frond (SPF) gives the highest tensile strength compared to the other parts, which is 421.4 N/mm2. The tensile strength for sugar palm bunch (SPB), ijuk and sugar palm trunk (SPT) is 365.1, 276.6 and 198.3 N/mm2, respectively. These results have been proven using those for their chemical compositions, where the highest cellulose content was obtained from SPF (66.5%), followed by SPB (61.8%), ijuk (52.3%), and SPT (40.6%). For water absorption testing, it was found that SPF also gave the highest percentage - 132.8%, followed by SPB, ijuk and SPT. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy was used in order to detect the presence of functional groups existing in sugar palm fibre.

Tags:

tensile properties, sugar palm, ijuk, bunch, trunk, frond.

Citation:

Sahari J, Sapuan SM, Ismarrubie ZN, Rahman MZA. Physical and Chemical Properties of Different Morphological Parts of Sugar Palm Fibres.
FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2012; 20, 2(91): 21-24.

Published in issue no 2 (91) / 2012, pages 21–24.

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