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Issue 3 (92) / 2012

Title page       Contents
 

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Assessment of Trends in the Comparative Advantage and Competitiveness of the Turkish Textile and Clothing Industry in the Enlarged EU Market

Authors: Karaalp-Orhan Hacer Simay, Yilmaz Nazire Deniz

In this paper, Turkey’s comparative advantage and competitiveness in the textile and clothing industries are analysed by using Balassa’s revealed comparative advantage index and Vollrath’s indices of competitive advantage for the period of 1988-2008 in the...   more »

full text | Pages 8–12

Carbon Footprint of Production Processes of Polypropylene Nonwoven Shopping Bags

Authors: Muthu Subramanian Senthilkannan, Li Yi, Hu J. Y., Mok P. Y., Liao Xiao

This article reports on the carbon footprint of production processes of polypropylene nonwoven
shopping bags made out of two different manufacturing technologies (Products
A and B, made by the conventional sewing and thermal joining methods) assessed...   more »

full text | Pages 12–15

Research and development

Formation of Poly(Vinyl Alcohol)/Cationic Starch Blend Nanofibres via the Electrospinning Technique: The Influence of Different Factors

Authors: Šukytė Jurgita, Adomavičiūtė Erika, Milašius Rimvydas, Bendoraitienė Joana, Danilovas Paulius Pavelas

This paper describes the formation of bicomponent nanofibres from poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and modified cationic starch (CS) mixed solutions (PVA/CS mass ratio 3/1) with different total concentrations of solids in water (8, 10 and 12 wt.%)...   more »

full text | Pages 16–20

Formation of PVA Nanofibres with Iodine by Electrospinning

Authors: Matusevičiute Agne, Butkiene Aliona, Stanys Sigitas, Adomavičiūtė Erika

The area of technical textile applications is very wide, with one of the most important being medical textiles. Polymer-iodine complexes (i.e. iodophors) are widely used in antiseptic products. Nanofibres with iodine may be used to disinfect...   more »

full text | Pages 21–25

Influence of the Structure of Nanofibre Based Composites on Their Strength Properties

Authors: Gliścińska Eulalia, Olejnik Dariusz, Krucińska Izabella

In this work, preliminary investigations on the influence of the structure of nanofibre based composites on their strength properties were made. As a ‘matrix’ material, needle punched nonwoven from classical polypropylene fibres was used. Polyamide 6.6...   more »

full text | Pages 26–29

Modelling the Tensile Properties of Modal/Polyurethane Core-spun Stretch Yarn

Authors: Shi Feng-jun, Xuling Jin

The tensile properties of polyurethane filaments, Modal yarns and Modal/polyurethane core-spun yarns were tested. The stress-strain relationship of the yarns is analysed using a nonlinear viscoelastic model, and the multinomial relationship between stress and strain is...   more »

full text | Pages 30–32

Effect of Descriptive Parameters of Slub Yarn on Strength and Elongation Properties

Authors: Ilhan Ilhami, Babaarslan Osman, Vuruşkan Deniz

Strength and elongation have a great effect on slub yarn performance in production and usage. The main aim of this study is to determine the statistically significant descriptive parameters that have an effect on the breaking...   more »

full text | Pages 33–38

Study of the Hairiness of Polyester-Viscose  Blended Yarns. Part IV - Predicting Yarn Hairiness Using Fuzzy Logic

Authors: Haghighat Ezzatollah, Johari Majid Safar, Etrati Seyed Mohammad, Tehran Mohammad Amani

This paper is a continuation of studies on the hairiness of polyester-viscose blended ring spun yarns. The aim of this study is to predict the hairiness of polyester-viscose blended yarns using a fuzzy logic system. For...   more »

full text | Pages 39–42

Dynamic Balance Optimisation for the Middle Shaft System of a Cotton Comber Based on ADAMS

Authors: Xu Bojun , Ma Qinghong, Liu Xinjin

For the vibration problem of a cotton comber, a model of the middle shaft system of a headstock was built using SOLIDWORKS software. It was found that the vibration was mainly caused by the shifting of...   more »

full text | Pages 43–45

Simulation Approach to Investigate the Effect of the Jet Structure and Air Pressure on the Performance of Siro-jet Spinning

Authors: Hasani Hossein, Hasani M.

In this paper, the effects of different parameters on the hairiness of siro-jet spun yarns, such as the nozzle pressure, the distance between the front roller nip and inlet of the nozzle, and jet structure were...   more »

full text | Pages 46–50

Modelling the Indicators of Air-Flow Intensity in Different Construction Designs of Nozzles for the Pneumatic Linking of Yarns

Authors: Dopierała Halina, Radom Czesław, Swaczyna Paweł, Zawadzki Leszek

This article is a continuation of the publication entitled: Modelling the parameters of airflow in pneumatic nozzles for linking staple and filament yarns. Part I. Determining of the volume flow and local speeds of air-flow, and...   more »

full text | Pages 51–55

Three-dimensional Computer Simulation of Warp Knitted Spacer Fabric

Authors: Zhang Li-Zhe, Zhang Li-Zhe, Jiang Gaoming, Miao Xuhong, Cong Honglian

The main objective of this paper was to simulate the three-dimensional structure of warp knitted spacer fabric using computer technology. For this purpose, the geometric structure of warp knitted spacer fabric was investigated. Specifically, a 3D...   more »

full text | Pages 56–60

Experimental Tests of a Property of Composite Material Assigned for Ballistic Products

Authors: Czechowski Leszek, Jankowski Jacek, Kubiak Tomasz

An empirical investigation of a selected static property of a composite is presented in this paper. For the purpose of studying the quality and property of multilayer composite material assigned for manufacturing some ballistic products, the...   more »

full text | Pages 61–66

Effects of Fiber Cross Sectional Shape and Weave Pattern on Thermal Comfort Properties of Polyester Woven Fabrics

Authors: Karaca Esra, Kahraman Nalan, Omeroğlu Sunay, Becerir Behcet

Thermal comfort properties, i.e. thermal conductivity, thermal absorption and thermal resistance, and the water vapour and air permeabilities of fabrics woven from different cross sectional shaped polyester fibres were investigated. A total of eight woven fabrics...   more »

full text | Pages 67–72

Investigation on the Acoustic Characteristics of Multi-Layer Nonwoven Structures. Part 1 - Multi-Layer Nonwoven Structures with the Simple Configuration

Authors: Mirjalili Seyed Abbas, Mohammad-Shahi M.

In this research work the amount of sound absorption in different multi-layer structures made from nonwoven layers and placed in various configurations were measured and analysed. After producing nonwovens with specified geometric characteristics, multi-layer structures with...   more »

full text | Pages 73–77

Predicting Air Permeability from the Parameters of Weave Structure

Authors: Fatahi Iman, Yazdi A. Alamdar

In this study, air permeability of woven fabrics is predicted from the parameters of weave structures. Air permeability is an important property of fabrics and has a decisive influence on the utilisation of fabric for some...   more »

full text | Pages 78–81

Analysis of Printed Fabrics for Military Camouflage Clothing

Authors: Kovačević Stana, Gudlin Schwarz Ivana, Durasevic Vedran

Several basic properties of fabrics for camouflage clothing and protection for military purposes are described. The physical and mechanical properties of the yarns and fabrics and their physiological properties with different structural parameters of fabrics were...   more »

full text | Pages 82–86

Modelling and Analysis of the Circumferential Forces and Susceptibility of Vascular Prostheses to Internal Pressure Changes

Authors: Kowalski Krzysztof, Mielicka Elżbieta, Jasińska Izabela

Based on Laplace’s law and the mechanical characteristics of knitted vascular prostheses, mathematical models have been developed enabling one to determine the values of the relative circumferential elongation, circumferential forces and standard circumferential susceptibility of a...   more »

full text | Pages 87–91

Influence of Embroidery Threads on the Accuracy of Embroidery Pattern Dimensions

Authors: Jucienė Milda, Radavičiene Svetlana

In the production of garments, embroidery carries out decorative, informative, data transfer and other functions. The features of textiles, stitch density, filling type, area and other factors have a direct influence on embroidery quality. The objective...   more »

full text | Pages 92–97

Influence of Fabric Structure Parameters
on Seam Slippage

Authors: Malčiauskiene Edita, Milašius Algirdas, Milašius Rimvydas

The slippage resistance of yarns at the seam in woven fabrics is a very important factor and very strict claims are made with respect to this property. It is necessary to know how the fabric structure...   more »

full text | Pages 98–101

Innovative Technology of 3D Knitted Cellular Geonets

Authors: Mikołajczyk Zbigniew, Perzyna Marek

Placing engineering objects (roads, embankments etc.) on low-bearing ground requires the use of geosynthetics as a reinforcement of it. Cellular geonets of three dimensional structure and honeycomb form are traditionally made from sets of perforated poliethylene...   more »

full text | Pages 102–107

General Information

NEW ARTICLE

Technical University of Lodz
Faculty of Material Technologies and Textile Design
Department of Man-Made Fibres

  more »

full text | Page 77

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FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe
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e-mail: infor@ibwch.lodz.pl
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EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT
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