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Issue 5 (82) / 2010

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Intra–Industry Trade between Selected Central and Eastern European Countries (Poland, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia and Slovenia) and the China Area: The Position of Textiles and Clothing

Authors: Wysokińska Zofia

Intra-industry trade refers to the exchange of products belonging to the same industry. The term is usually applied to international trade, where the same kinds of goods and services are both imported and exported. The intra-industry...   more »

full text | Pages 7–10

Business Models of Polish Clothing Companies from the Perspective of the European Union

Authors: Olczak Artur , Stanisławski Robert

In recent years, market changes in the clothing industry have radically changed ’the rules of the business game”. Polish companies have been forced to change their way of running their business because former strategies were...   more »

full text | Pages 11–15

Research and development

Influence of Formation Conditions on the Structure and Properties of Nanocomposite PAN Fibres Containing Silver and Hydroxyapatite Nanoadditives

Authors: Mikołajczyk Teresa, Szparaga Grzegorz, Rabiej Stanislaw, Fraczek-Szczypta Aneta

An investigation was made into the influence of the temperature of a coagulation bath and value of the as spun draw ratio on the porous structure and strength properties of PAN fibres containing two nanoadditives. With...   more »

full text | Pages 16–23

Investigation of the Possibility of Forming Nanofibres with Potato Starch

Authors: Šukytė Jurgita, Adomavičiūtė Erika, Milašius Rimvydas

In this paper nanofibres were formed from PVA solution with potato starch and a small amount of ethanol. Due to the previous study, it was determined that with the addition of ethanol (30 wt.%) in the...   more »

full text | Pages 24–27

Comparative Analysis of Ring Spinning for Both Classic and Compact Yarns. Part II: Verification of Models Createdn

Authors: Józkowicz Ignacy, Drobina Robert, Lewandowski Stanisław

The verification of models based on multiple regress servants for the assessment of the ring spinning process of classic as well as compact cotton yarns was carried out. The analysis of results obtained showed that the...   more »

full text | Pages 28–34

Optimum Selection of the Opening Roller and Navel for Rotor Spun Silk/Cashmere Blended Yarn

Authors: Nibikora Ildephonse, Wang Jun, Wang Jun

Machine part selection in rotor spinning from possible alternatives with different properties and performance levels in terms of yarn quality is a difficult task. Classical statistical methods have been used to solve the problem, but the...   more »

full text | Pages 35–38

Determination of the Air Velocity in the Free Stream Flowing out of a Cylindrical and Two-Gap Skewed Jet (Dual Slot Die)

Authors: Zawadzki Leszek, Cichoń Jan, Jarzębowski Janusz, Kapusta Henryk

This paper presents the theoretical basis for the determination of the eld of velocity of the free air stream owing out of a cylindrical and two-gap skewed jet. Based on this, calculation of the air velocity...   more »

full text | Pages 39–43

Wear Evaluation of the Rotors of Open End Spinning Machines

Authors: Płonka Stanisław

This paper presents the results of an observation and investigation into the wear of the rotors of an open end spinning machine mating with wool yarn in industrial conditions. The rotors were made of alloys EN...   more »

full text | Pages 44–50

Simulation of Single Fibre Wetting

Authors: Dembický Josef , Wiener Jakub

A stationary system composed of a fibre, liquid and air consists of a background for the shape determination of a typical liquid at the liquid-fibre inter-phase. Up to the present, it has not been possible to...   more »

full text | Pages 51–54

Shielding Effect of Nanoadditives Against UV Radiation in Polypropylene Fibres

Authors: Duliková Mária, Strecká Zuzana, Ujhelyiová Anna, Legéň Jaroslav, Bugaj Peter

The shielding effect of a nanoadditive (CaCO3) against ultraviolet radiation (UVR) in polypropylene fibres was investigated. Unmodified and modified polypropylene (PP) fibres with different contents of the nanoadditive were prepared. It was investigated how the modified...   more »

full text | Pages 55–58

Wrinkle Assessment of Fabric Using Image Processing

Authors: Mirjalili Seyed Abbas, Ekhtiyari Esfandiar

The light profile method using image processing is a suitable technique for the assessment and analysis of fabric wrinkle. In this method the colour and fabric pattern have no effects on the results. The heights of...   more »

full text | Pages 60–63

Impact of Raw Material Combinations on the Biophysical Parameters and Underwear Microclimate of Two-Layer Knitted Materials

Authors: Kowalski Krzysztof, Janicka Jolanta, Massalska-Lipińska Teresa, Nyka Monika

This paper presents an evaluation of the biophysical properties of 27 variants of two-layer knitted fabrics mainly differing in the kind of raw material used in the conductive and diffusive layers. The method developed for the...   more »

full text | Pages 64–70

Investigation of Porosity and Air Permeability Values of Plain Knitted Fabrics

Authors: Ogulata R. Tugrul, Mavruz Serin

The air permeability of a fabric is defined as the amount of air passed over a surface under a certain pressure difference in a unit time. This value has significance with respect to the usage area....   more »

full text | Pages 71–75

Usability of a Modified Method for Testing Emissivity to Assess the Real Shielding Properties of Textiles

Authors: Brzeziński Stefan, Rybicki Tomasz , Rybicki Tomasz , Karbownik Iwona , Śledzińska Katarzyna, Krawczyńska Iwona

The usability of a modified method for testing the effectiveness of multi-layer textile shields against electromagnetic radiation (EMR) was examined within the frequency range of 30 MHz to 6900 MHz. The textile-polymeric materials under investigation were...   more »

full text | Pages 76–80

Wear Properties of Hemp, Ramie and Linen Fabrics after Liquid Ammonia/Crosslinking Treatment

Authors: Li Jun, Feng Jiahao, Zhang Hua, Zhang Jianchun

Desized and scoured hemp, ramie and linen fabrics were treated with liquid ammonia over practical ranges, followed by crosslink finishing with modified DMDHEU (Clariant Chemical Co). Appearance qualities, as well as comfort and mechanical properties were...   more »

full text | Pages 81–85

Improved Properties of Cotton Fabrics Treated with Lipase and Its Combination with Pectinase

Authors: Kalantzi Styliani, Mamma Diomi, Kalogeris Emmanuel, Kekos Dimitris

A commercial lipase preparation (Lipolase) was examined as a scouring agent for cotton fabrics. Application of the enzyme enabled the creation of wax-free textiles where considerable amounts of pectin and protein were removed. Compositional changes were...   more »

full text | Pages 86–92

Investigation of the Liquid Retention Capacity of Terry Fabrics

Authors: Petrulyte Salvinija, Nasleniene Jurgita

The paper presents an investigation of the liquid retention capacity of terry fabrics with respect to pile height and impacts/finishing. The terry fabrics used in the experimental work were made from linen or linen/cotton yarns. The...   more »

full text | Pages 93–97

Biosynthesis of Modified Bacterial Cellulose in a Tubular Form

Authors: Ciechańska Danuta, Wietecha Justyna, Kaźmierczak Dorota, Kazimierczak Janusz

Presented herein is a method to prepare tubes of modified bacterial cellulose immediately in the course of biosynthesis conducted with Acetobacter sp. The biosynthesis was carried out under both static and dynamic conditions. The material of...   more »

full text | Pages 98–104

Description of the Adsorption and Desorption of Black 5 onto Chitin and Chitosan − Isotherm Equations

Authors: Filipkowska Urszula

The sorption and desorption of a reactive dye − Black 5, commonly used in the textile industry, from aqueous solutions onto chitin and chitosan was studied. Following the adsorption of the dye at pH 3,...   more »

full text | Pages 105–109


in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 19/27 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Str., 90-570 Łódź, Poland e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl; ftee@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT