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Impact of Raw Material Combinations on the Biophysical Parameters and Underwear Microclimate of Two-Layer Knitted Materials

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This paper presents an evaluation of the biophysical properties of 27 variants of two-layer knitted fabrics mainly differing in the kind of raw material used in the conductive and diffusive layers. The method developed for the moisture content monitoring of particular layers of knitted fabric enables to arrange the raw material combinations in the structure of two-layer knitted fabric designed for recreational and sport products. Variants of knitted fabric differing in the moisture content of the inner layer were tested using an artificial skin model to assess moisture transportability in the form of a steam phase, as well as the parameters of the underwear microclimate – the temperature and relative humidity during physical effort by means of a cyclo-ergograph. It is documented that a low content of humidity in the product’s inner layer is the reason for a low value of relative humidity in the underwear microclimate during and after physical effort.

Tags: two-layer knitted fabric, humidity content, biophysical parameters, artificial skin model, underwear microclimate, temperature, relative humidity, test effort.

Citation: Kowalski K., Janicka J., Massalska-Lipińska T., Nyka M.; Impact of Raw Material combinations on the Biophysical Parameters and Underwear Microclimate of Two-Layer Knitted Materials. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2010, Vol. 18, No. 5 (82) pp. 64-70.

Published in issue no 5 (82) / 2010, pages 64–70.


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