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Issue 1 (78) / 2010

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Production Cycle Model for Short Life Cycle Models

Authors: Grandys Ewa

Short life cycle products belong to a special segment of manufacturing. Following an empirical investigation into the process of their manufacture, a graphic model of the production cycle divided into four subprocesses was created. The subprocesses...   more »

full text | Pages 8–12

Innovative Activity in the Small Business Sector of the Textile and Clothing Industry

Authors: Stanisławski Robert , Olczak Artur

The current situation of the textile and clothing industry in the European Union is still quite difficult. For the most part, it is the result of the expansive development of the Asian industry. The European Union...   more »

full text | Pages 13–16

Research and development

Insertion of Cu Nanoparticles into a Polymeric Nanofibrous Structure via an Electrospinning Technique

Authors: Adomaviciene Milda, Stanys Sigitas, Demšar Andrej, Godec Matjaz

Nowadays, nanotechnologies are of great interest in many areas of research and textile materials are also the ones that are getting more and more involved into it. Recently reasearches have started to concentrate on the insertion...   more »

full text | Pages 17–20

Preparation and Properties of Organic/Inorganic Hybrid Nanofibres

Authors: Wu Ning , Xia Xin , Wei Qufu, Huang Fenglin

Considerable attention has been paid to hybrid organic–inorganic nanocomposites in recent years. Organic–inorganic hybrids have both the advantages of organic materials, such as a light weight, flexibility and good moldability, and inorganic materials, such as high...   more »

full text | Pages 21–23

Radial Distribution of Fibres in Compact-Spun Flax-Cotton Blended Yarns

Authors: Xu Bojun , Ma Jian

In recent years, compact spinning technology, recognised as a revolution in ring spinning, has been successfully used in the production of mono-fibre yarns and blended yarns. Understanding the radial distribution of fibres in compact-spun flax-cotton blended...   more »

full text | Pages 24–27

Comparison and Analysis of Rotor-Spun Composite Yarn and Sirofil Yarn

Authors: Yang Rui-Hua , Yang Rui-Hua , Xue Yuan, Wang Shanyuan

As a result of various spinning types, different kinds of yarns have different structures and performances. In this research we developed a composite yarn spinning system that produces different kinds of composite yarns containing filament on...   more »

full text | Pages 28–30

Visualisation and Determination of the Geometrical Parameters of Slub Yarn

Authors: Liu Jihong , Li Zhengxin , Lu Yuzheng , Jiang Hongxia

This paper presents an analytical method of determining slub yarn geometrical parameters based on a 2D visualisation image of a slub yarn. The method can be used to adjust the slub yarn mechanism by comparing experimental...   more »

full text | Pages 31–35

Comparative Analysis of Fancy Yarns Produced on a Ring Twisting System

Authors: Grabowska Katarzyna Ewa

In this article, the shape coefficient of yarn was used as a tool for classifying fancy yarns. On the basis of experiments conducted in this research, characteristic values of the shape coefficient for different yarn structures...   more »

full text | Pages 36–40

Properties of Plain Knits from Siro-Spun Viscose/Spandex Yarns

Authors: Beceren Y., Candan Cevza, Duru Cimilli S., Ülger K.

This paper focuses on the dimensional and selected physical properties of a series of plain jersey fabrics made from viscose siro-spun and carded ring yarns of 2/10 tex and 20 tex, respectively. Elastane yarn was incorporated...   more »

full text | Pages 41–46

Effect of Chenille Yarns Produced with Selected Comfort Fibres on the Abrasion and Bending Properties of Knitted Fabrics

Authors: Kavusturan Yasemin, Çeven Erhan Kenan, Özdemir Özcan

In this study, the effects of pile and core yarn material types on the abrasion and bending behaviour of chenille knitted fabrics were studied. For this purpose different chenille yarns were produced from seven types of...   more »

full text | Pages 48–53

Study on the Thickness Loss of Wilton-Type Carpets under Dynamic Loading

Authors: Çelik Nihat, Koç Erdem

In the two earlier papers, evaluations were presented on the characteristic parameters determining the behaviour of three industrially produced Wilton-type carpets with different pile materials (wool, acrylic and PP) after a prolonged heavy static loading, and...   more »

full text | Pages 54–59

UV Radiation Measurement System for the UV Curing of Fluids Disposed on Textiles

Authors: Stempień Zbigniew, Tokarska Magdalena, Gniotek Krzysztof

Processes of the latticing of polymer overprints functionalising textiles in the presence of photoinitiators require using high-energy UV radiation sources. However, the values of radiation intensities and UV doses used should be controlled so that they...   more »

full text | Pages 59–63

Analysis of Hybrid Woven Fabrics with Shape Memory Alloys Wires Embedded

Authors: Vasile Simona, Grabowska Katarzyna Ewa, Ciesielska-Wróbel Izabela Luiza, Githaiga John

Until recently, Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs) were predominantly developed for applications in the biomedical and engineering industry, and only a limited number of applications in textiles are known. Fabrics made of natural fibres (e.g. cotton, flax...   more »

full text | Pages 64–69

Thermal Manikin Evaluation of PCM Cooling Vests

Authors: Bendkowska Wiesława, Kłonowska Magdalena, Kopias Kazimierz, Bogdan Anna

To diminish a worker’s thermal discomfort in a moderately hot environment, a new microclimate cooling vest was designed and tested. The cooling vest was intended to be worn under a chemical protective garment. As coolants, encapsulated...   more »

full text | Pages 70–74

Comparisons of Thermal and Evaporative Resistances of Kapok Coats and Traditional Down Coatsg

Authors: Wang Faming

The main aim of this paper is to contribute to finding a good solution to the ethical problem of live plucking. The use of new eco-environmental kapok fibres as a coat filler substitute for traditional duckling...   more »

full text | Pages 75–78

Simulation of the Coating Process

Authors: Dembický Josef

Coating processes play a significant role in the area of textile production. They are used for technical textiles and special protective clothes to achieve characteristic material properties, for example water-repellency, fire resistance, high temperature protection, etc....   more »

full text | Pages 79–83

Investigation of the Air Permeability of Socks Knitted from Yarns with Peculiar Properties

Authors: Čiukas Ricardas, Abramavičiūtė Jovita

This paper presents a study on the air permeability of socks manufactured using the yarns of new kinds of fibres, such as soybean, bamboo, cotton/seacells and bamboo/flax. The air permeability of plain pure knits...   more »

full text | Pages 84–88

Antimicrobial Activity of Selected Disinfectants Used in a Low Temperature Laundering Procedure for Textiles

Authors: Fijan Sabina , Šostar-Turk Sonja

The aim of this study was to compare the disinfection effect of three disinfection agents (sodium chlorate (I), a combination of peroxyacetic acid and hydrogen peroxide, and hydrogen peroxide alone) in washing procedures at a low...   more »

full text | Pages 89–92

Improving the Wash Fastness of Direct Dyes on Cotton by Si/Ti Composite Nanosol

Authors: Liu Xiaoyan , Wang Wei , Xu Peng

A series of Si/Ti composite nanosols were prepared to improve the wash fastness of six different coloured direct dyes. As a result Si/Ti composite sols with molar ratios of 14:1 are recommended as the most appropriate...   more »

full text | Pages 93–96

Determination of the Elasticity Range of Paper

Authors: Szewczyk Włodzimierz

This research work presents a method for the determination of the limit of elasticity of paper considered as a variable dependent on stress and the time of its duration. For plane stress it was found that...   more »

full text | Pages 98–103

Conferences, Fairs and Other Events

Lithuanian Textile Science and Industry: A Retrospective on the 70th Anniversary of the Department of Textile Technology

Authors: Milašius Rimvydas

The article is dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the Department of Textile Technology of Kaunas University of Technology (Lithuania). The history, past and present achievements as well as problems of the Department and textile industry...   more »

full text | Pages 104–105

Future Fvents

  more »

full text | Pages 106–108


in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 19/27 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Str., 90-570 Łódź, Poland e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl; ftee@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT