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Issue 6 (83) / 2010

Title page       Contents
 

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Market for Starch, Hemicellulose, Cellulose, Alginate, its Salts and Esters, and Natural Polymers, Including Chitin and Chitosan: Analysis Results

Authors: Wysokińska Zofia

The objective of this paper is the presentation of the results of an analysis of selected polysaccharide markets, with special reference to starch, hemicellulose, cellulose, alginate, its salts and esters, and natural polymers, including the chitin...   more »

full text | Pages 7–13

CSR Standards as a Significant Factor Differentiating Textile and Clothing Goods

Authors: Koszewska Małgorzata

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has gained special importance in recent years. As well as being widely discussed by researchers, the business community is increasingly recognising it as a factor affecting the competitiveness of companies, which, if...   more »

full text | Pages 14–19

The Textile and Apparel Industry in Italy: Current State and Challenges to Further Growth

Authors: Greta Maria, Lewandowski Krzysztof

Italian products of the textile and apparel industry are known worldwide. This sector has attracted a great deal of attention because it is rare for a wealthy and developed country to specialise heavily in fashion-oriented as...   more »

full text | Pages 20–25

Marketing Innovation in the Apparel Industry: Turkey

Authors: Utkun Emine, Atilgan Turan

With globalisation the extent of competition is increasing rapidly in the world. In these conditions companies need innovation to be more efficient and productive, as well as to offer what is expected from them. This has...   more »

full text | Pages 26–31

Research and development

Producing of Continuous Cellulose Fibres Modified with Plant Proteins

Authors: Wawro Dariusz, Stęplewski Włodzimierz

Presented is a method of producing cellulose-protein fibres from modified cellulose dissolved in aqueous sodium hydroxide, as well as from isolates of rape- and sunflower-derived proteins. Fibres were spun from alkaline cellulose-protein solutions in a coagulation...   more »

full text | Pages 32–38

Zinc Alginate Fibres with a Silica (SiO2) Nanoadditive

Authors: Mikołajczyk Teresa, Boguń Maciej, Rabiej Stanislaw, Król Paulina

Conditions were found for the manufacture of zinc alginate fibres with a silica (SiO2) nanoadditive based on earlier studies involving nanocomposite zinc alginate fibres with a TCP nanoadditive.In this study, we determined the effect of the...   more »

full text | Pages 39–44

Mathematical Analysis of the Diameter Distribution of Electrospun Nanofibres

Authors: Milašius Rimvydas, Malašauskiene Jolanta

In the electrospining process a web of nanofibres is formed on various surfaces, the web usually consisting of nanofibres of different diameters. There is no one opinion about the reasons for such phenomena as the distribution...   more »

full text | Pages 45–48

Influence of the Shape of the Bottom Rotating Electrode on the Structure of Electrospun Mats

Authors: Adomavičiūtė Erika, Stanys Sigitas, Banuškevičiute Aušra, Milašius Rimvydas

In this study nanofibres from poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) polymers solutions were manufactured using the electrospinning method (NanospiderTM). During the electrospinning process, three different bottom rotating electrodes were used (spinning head):a plain cylindrical...   more »

full text | Pages 49–53

Measurement of Cotton Fineness and Maturity by Different Methods

Authors: Frydrych Iwona, Raczyńska Mieczysława, Cekus Zbigniew

Different measurement principles are used in measurement systems. There are some new systems which are not commonly used in cotton fiber assessment, like Siromat and CottonScan by CSIRO or ITRU UAK-1+. The method of cotton fineness...   more »

full text | Pages 54–59

Impact of an Object on a Layer of Fibres Submerged in a Fluid

Authors: Zajączkowski Jerzy

In this paper the phenomena occurring during the impact of a body falling from a height on a layer of fibres submerged in a fluid are studied. The properties of the layer are assumed to be...   more »

full text | Pages 60–62

Ballistic-proof Effects of Various Woven Constructions

Authors: Chu Cheng-Kun, Chu Cheng-Kun, Chen Yu-Liang

This research tested Para-aramid (Kevlar) fibrous products of equal specifications (material and density) with respect to the influence of the fabric construction on their bulletproof behaviour. Constant speed and constant deformation energy tests were performed based...   more »

full text | Pages 63–67

Assessment of the Relationship between Air Permeability of Woven Fabrics and Its Mechanical Properties

Authors: Fatahi Iman, Yazdi A. Alamdar

Every piece of woven fabric is an integration of warp yarns and weft yarn through intersection, the extent of which is largely dependent on the friction between fibers and yarns together with fiber entanglement. The distance...   more »

full text | Pages 68–71

Influences of the Fibre Hygroscopicity of Connecting Yarn on the Liquid Water Transfer Property of Knitted Double-Layer Fabric

Authors: Zhou Liya, Zhou Liya, Feng Xun-Wei, Li Yi

Functional knitted fabric is developing fast, claiming moisture management, quick drying and so on through post finishing and treatment, the fabric texture design, and fiber selection. The present study focuses on the role played by connecting...   more »

full text | Pages 72–75

Application of the Non-Contact Thermal Method for Estimation of the Thermal Parameters of Flat Material

Authors: Michalak Marina

The paper presents a study on the thermal properties of flat textile products with the use of a previously elaborated method based on the simultaneous recording of temperature distribution on the opposite sides of a flat...   more »

full text | Pages 76–79

Measures of the Synchronisation of the Work of a Processing Team

Authors: Zieliński Janusz

The aim of the paper is to present indices of an assessment of the synchronisation of a sewing team used at the stage of process design. Assessment was made of a universally used coefficient for the...   more »

full text | Pages 80–85

Antifungal Activity Assessment of Cotton Fabrics Using Image Processing and Analysis

Authors: Strnad Simona, Paš Maja, Fabjančič Alenka, Raspor Peter

An investigation into the antifungal activities of anti-microbially, hydrophobically and oleophobically finished cotton fabrics designed for tents and marquees was performed according to the AATCC 30-1999 (IV) test method. The growth of test moulds (Aspergillus niger,...   more »

full text | Pages 86–90

Crease-resistant Finish of Linen/Viscose Blend Fabricsa

Authors: Kut Dilek, Günesoglu Cem, Orhan Mehmet

Linen/viscose blend fabrics are treated in different conditions with various concentrations of polycarboxylic acids (BTCA, CA, GA and MA) and N-methylol reagent (DMDHEU) with a relevant catalyst. The characterisation of such fibres is dependent on the...   more »

full text | Pages 91–93

Plasma Modification of Filter Nonwovens Used for the Protection of Respiratory Tracts

Authors: Urbaniak–Domagała Wiesława, Wrzosek Henryk, Szymanowski Hieronim, Majchrzycka Katarzyna, Brochocka Agnieszka

The filter materials commonly used in micro-filtration processes consist of nonwoven fabrics made by melt-blowing. In order to improve the filterability of nonwovens, they are subjected to various modifications. This paper proposes the treatment of nonwovens...   more »

full text | Pages 94–99

Biological and Physicochemical Study of the Implantation of a Modified Polyester Vascular Prosthesis

Authors: Niekraszewicz Antoni, Kucharska Magdalena, Wiśniewska-Wrona Maria, Kardas Iwona

Results are presented of an investigation into the susceptibility to hydrolytic and enzymatic degradation of poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) copolymers of varied composition. Assessment of the degradation was based on two factors: measurement of the mass loss and estimation...   more »

full text | Pages 100–105

Sodium Perborate Usage instead of Hydrogen Peroxide for the Reinforcement of Oxygen Delignificationon

Authors: Pesman Emrah, Kalyoncu Evren E., Kirci Hüseyin

Oxygen has always been an attractive oxidant for the pulp and paper industry due to it being cheap and harmless for the environment. However, it has lower lignin-cellulose selectivity, therefore the degree of delignification achieved at...   more »

full text | Pages 106–109

Processing of Industrial Hemp into Papermaking Pulps Intended for Bleaching

Authors: Danielewicz Dariusz, Surma-Ślusarska Barbara

Research was conducted into obtaining fibrous semi-manufactured products for subsequent bleaching from industrial hemp stalks, hemp wood, and hemp bast fibres. The course of delignification of these kinds of fibrous raw materials in the kraft pulping...   more »

full text | Pages 110–115

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