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Issue 3 (80) / 2010

Title page       Contents
 

Research and development

Mechanical Behaviour in the Wet and Dry Stage of Romanian Yarns Made from Flax and Hemp

Authors: Mustata Adriana

Flax and hemp yarns will constantly be used in the clothing field and in different technical applications. Deformation during stretching in the dry and wet states of flax and hemp yarns obtained from boiled or bleached...   more »

full text | Pages 7–12

Effects of Extraction Methods on the Morphology and Physico-Chemical Properties of Spanish Broom (Spartium junceum L.) Fibres

Authors: Cerchiara Teresa, Chidichimo Giuseppe, Gallucci Maria Caterina, Vuono Danilo

Spanish Broom fibers are very interesting natural material for textile and technical applications. Spanish Broom elementary fibers are arranged in bundles and bound by lignin and pectins. Any industrial utilisation of Spanish Broom requires the separation...   more »

full text | Pages 13–16

Important Aspects of Cotton Colour Measurement

Authors: Matusiak Małgorzata, Walawska Anetta

Colour is the basic criterion of cotton classification into cotton grade according to the Universal Cotton Standards. It also reflects the quality of other non-U.S. grown cotton. For years the quality of cotton has been assessed...   more »

full text | Pages 17–23

Novel Method of Preparing Flame Retardant Cellulose-Silicate Fibres

Authors: Stęplewski Włodzimierz, Kazimierczak Janusz, Wawro Dariusz

Presented herein are the results of research on the preparation of a novel environmentfriendly method of spinning cellulose-silicate (Cel/Si) fibres obtained from enzymatically modified a pulp which could be directly dissolved in aqueous sodium hydroxide. Fibres...   more »

full text | Pages 24–31

Dissolved State of Cellulose in Ionic Liquids - the Impact of Water

Authors: Kuzmina Olga G., Sashina Elena S., Troshenkowa Svetlana, Wawro Dariusz

The aggregate size of cellulose dissolved in 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate (EMIMAc) and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazoluim chloride (BMIMCl) was measured by static and dynamic light scattering. Examined were cellulose solutions containing various amounts of water. The impact of water on...   more »

full text | Pages 32–37

Effect of the Draft Ratio on the Properties of Vortex Spun Yarn

Authors: Erdumlu Nazan, Ozipek Bulent

In this study, the effects of draft ratios on the properties of vortex spun yarns were investigated. 100% viscose drawing slivers of three different counts (3.94 ktex, 3.19 ktex and 2.68 ktex) were spun into yarns...   more »

full text | Pages 38–42

Simulation of the Processing of Fibrous Products in the OE-Rotor Spinning System

Authors: Ursíny Petr

The OE rotor spinning system is interpreted as a probability system, and in this study the probability simulation was applied for optimisation of the combing zone and air transport channel. We created a probability model of...   more »

full text | Pages 43–46

Technological Calculation Relations for Computer Control of the Revolutions of the Driving Motors of a Band Warping Cylindrical Drum˙

Authors: Liute Daniela, Racu Cristina

Band warping machines with separate variable speeds, one for rotation and the other for the axial advance of the warping cylindrical drum, can achieve the self-regulation of these motors speeds through computer programs based on mathematical...   more »

full text | Pages 47–50

Design of a Warp Control Mechanism for Handmade Carpets

Authors: Topalbekitoglu Mehmet, Kireçci Ali, Dülger L. Canan

An electromechanical warp control mechanism (WCM) with a positioning mechanism, whose drive system is used in the production of handmade carpets, was designed and implemented in this study. It performs the function of controlling and preparing...   more »

full text | Pages 51–55

Comparable Analysis of the End-Use Properties of Woven Fabrics with Fancy Yarns. Part I: Abrasion Resistance and Air Permeabilityrum˙

Authors: Kumpikaitė Eglė, Barburski Marcin

The aim of this research was to analyse the influence of fancy yarn structure on the abrasion resistance and air permeability of woven fabrics with these yarns. The dependencies of enduse properties and such fancy yarn...   more »

full text | Pages 56–59

Modeling of Selected Properties of Spatial A-Jour Knitted Structures

Authors: Pieklak Katarzyna, Siczek Krzysztof, Mikołajczyk Zbigniew

In this study, innovative technology and a group of spatial 3D knitted fabrics were established. The structures of the new group of knitted fabrics, especially the a-jour structures, will be applied in knitted 3D composites. Using...   more »

full text | Pages 61–64

Analysis of Coupled Heat and Water Vapour Transfer in Textile Laminates with a Membrane

Authors: Sybilska Wioletta, Korycki Ryszard

Clothing materials coated with semi-permeable membranes were analysed as products protecting the organism against heat loss as well as ensuring the drainage of sweat. Both physical and mathematical models of the coupled heat and water vapour...   more »

full text | Pages 65–69

Impact of Laser Thermal Stress on Cotton Fabric

Authors: Štěpánková Marie, Wiener Jakub, Dembický Josef

The thermal processing of cotton fabrics poses a serious danger for these materials, especially such processes as singeing and burning patterns by laser. The impact of laser radiation on the colour change of dyed samples was...   more »

full text | Pages 70–73

Electromagnetic Shielding Effectiveness of Doubled Copper-Cotton Yarn Woven Materials

Authors: Perumalraj R., Dasaradan B. S.

This paper describes a study on the development of 2-ply and 3-ply of cotton copper yarns and fabrics for electromagnetic shielding applications. 2-ply and 3-ply of cotton-copper yarns were produced on ring doubling machines and their...   more »

full text | Pages 74–80

Effects of Weight, Dyeing and the Twist Direction on the Spirality of Single Jersey Fabrics

Authors: Deđirmenci Züleyha, Topalbekitoglu Mehmet

This paper investigates the effect of fabric weight on the spirality of single jersey fabrics. For this aim, ten knitted fabrics with different weights were knitted with 100% cotton and Tt 19.7/1 combed ring spun yarn,...   more »

full text | Pages 81–85

Crease Resistant Finishing of Cotton Fabric with a Complex of Fibroin and Citric Acid

Authors: Lu Ming

A complex of fibroin and citric acid was prepared and used for the crease resistant finishing of cotton fabrics, which increased the crease resistance of cotton and avoided fabric yellowing caused by citric acid as a...   more »

full text | Pages 86–88

Investigation of the Thermal Properties of Socks Knitted from Yarns with Peculiar Properties. Part I. Thermal Conductivity Coefficient of Socks Knitted from Natural and Synthetic Textured Yarns

Authors: Čiukas Ricardas, Abramavičiūtė Jovita , Kerpauskas Paulius

This study comprised an experimental investigation to determine the thermal properties of socks manufactured using not only traditional cotton yarns but also yarns of new kinds of fibres such as bamboo and soybean protein fibres, as...   more »

full text | Pages 89–93

Influence of Sportswear Made from Polyester and Man-Made Cellulosic Fibres on the Energy Cost of Physical Effort

Authors: Zimniewska Malgorzata, Laurentowska Maria, Bogacz Edyta, Krysciak Jakub, Domaszewska Katarzyna, Zimniewska Oliwia

In the over-saturated global textile market , consumers have growing expectations towards its goods. The producers who develop new technologies for giving textiles additional functions can gain a considerable advantage in the clothing market. This trend...   more »

full text | Pages 94–99

Reconstruction of Archaeological Textiles

Authors: Cybulska Maria

Archaeological textiles are usually only fragmentarily preserved, colourless, and thus hard to appreciate and understand, even for specialists. Producing replicas of archaeological textile finds can be done on a loom. However, this approach is not always...   more »

full text | Pages 100–105

Transverse Vibration of Papermaking Felt

Authors: Zheng Ping, Zheng Ping, Ding Xin, Ding Xin, Yang Jinkui, Chen Renzhe

The papermaking felt of high-speed papermaking machine vibrates seriously in a transverse direction. In this study, the transverse vibration of papermaking felt was analysed mechanically with respect to flexural rigidity, and a model was developed. The...   more »

full text | Pages 106–108

Green Solution for Cotton Scouring

Authors: Stanescu Michaela Dina, Dochia Mihaela, Radu Dana, Sirghie Cecilia

The classical procedure for cotton scouring generates pollution due to the chemical reagents used for pectin destruction. Up to now a number of solutions using enzymes as catalysts for pectin degradation have been proposed. The use...   more »

full text | Pages 109–111

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