Where you are: Home pageYear 2010Issue (80) → Article:
AAA     ENG | POL

Effects of Extraction Methods on the Morphology and Physico-Chemical Properties of Spanish Broom (Spartium junceum L.) Fibres

Research and development

Authors:

Download... PDF
Full text

Abstract:

Spanish Broom fibers are very interesting natural material for textile and technical applications. Spanish Broom elementary fibers are arranged in bundles and bound by lignin and pectins. Any industrial utilisation of Spanish Broom requires the separation of the fibers from the woody core of the branches (known as vermenes), which is achieved by different methods: mechanical, chemical and biological. In this work, two different extraction methods (mechanical and physico-chemical) for obtaining Spanish Broom fibers were compared. The chemical and physical properties of Spanish Broom fibers are reported. Fibers extracted by the physico-chemical method showed a content of lignin and pentosans lower than those extracted mechanically. Both the mechanically and physico-chemically extracted fibers were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and the tensile properties of the fibres extracted are discussed. Spanish Broom fibers extracted by the physico-chemical method have better tensile properties than fibers extracted mechanically.

Tags: cellulose, spanish broom fibres, fibre extraction, biomaterials.

Citation: Cerchiara T., Chidichimo G., Gallucci M. C., Vuono D.; Effects of Extraction Methods on the Morphology and Physico-Chemical Properties of Spanish Broom (Spartium junceum L.) Fibres. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2010, Vol. 18, No. 2 (79) pp. 13-16.

Published in issue no 3 (80) / 2010, pages 13–16.

CONTACT:

FIBRES & TEXTILES
in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
tel. (48-42) 638-03-14
tel. (48-42) 638-03-63
e-mail: infor@ibwch.lodz.pl
Events:

EDITORIAL OFFICE
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 1927, 90-570 Łódź, Poland • tel.  (48-42) 638-03-14 • e-mail: infor@ibwch.lodz.plhttp://www.fibtex.lodz.pl

EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT
Editor-in-Chief Emilia Jaszczurska-Niedźwiedzka, V-ce Editor-in-Chief Marta Cyrczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna Wahl, Typesetting and Printed at Media-Press • Production IBWCh

facebook