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Issue 4 (81) / 2010

Title page       Contents
 

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Production Management Model for Short Life-Cycle Goods

Authors: Grandys Ewa

One distinctive feature of a production cycle model for short life-cycle goods is its determined time for starting the sale of products. As shown by the author’s investigation, there is also a possibility of creating a...   more »

full text | Pages 7–10

Research and development

Nanocomposite Calcium Alginate Fibres Containing SiO2 and Bioglass

Authors: Boguń Maciej

An investigation was made of the effect of the basic parameters of the process of production of nanocomposite calcium alginate fibres containing silica and bioglass as nanoadditives. An analysis was made of the rheological properties of...   more »

full text | Pages 11–19

Comparative Analysis of the Ring Spinning Process, Both Classic and Compact: Theoretical Reflections. Part 1: Elaboration of the Statistical Model Based on Multiple Regression

Authors: Lewandowski Stanisław, Drobina Robert, Józkowicz Ignacy

The analysis of the parameters of the spinning process was conducted of the quality of the yarn and the efficiency of the production, and it was confirmed that the percentage of noils and the metric coefficient...   more »

full text | Pages 20–24

Evaluation of the Significance of Processing Parameters for the Characteristics of Interlaced Yarn

Authors: Qiu Hua, Ge Ming-Qiao

We studied the significance of three processing para eters: pressure of the air supplied, yarn speed and overfeed ratio for the number and strength of tangles of interlaced yarn and the correlation between the number of...   more »

full text | Pages 26–28

Dynamic Mechanical Analysis of Nylon 66 Cord Yarns

Authors: Demšar Andrej, Bukošek Vili, Kljun Alenka

The viscoelastic properties of three different nylon cord yarns were analysed, and the dependence on the temperature of the annealing process was examined with the use of dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). The research showed that the...   more »

full text | Pages 29–34

Measuring the Blend Ratio of Wool/Cashmere Yarns Based on Image Processing Technology˙

Authors: Qian Kun, Li Hongshun, Cao Haijian, Yu Kejing

In this study, an image processing technique was developed for testing the blend ratio of wool/cashmere yarns. Cashmere and wool were sliced and images clearly attributed to the obvious colour divergence after staining. In the image...   more »

full text | Pages 35–38

Study on the Properties of Core Spun Yarn and Fabrics of Shape Memory Polyurethane

Authors: Jing Lu, Hu Jinlian

Core spun yarn with shape memory fibre and cotton were developed using a ring spinning frame and friction spinning machine. Shape memory fabrics were woven from two kinds of shape memory core spun yarns, and the...   more »

full text | Pages 39–42

Comparable Analysis of the End-Use Properties of Woven Fabrics with Fancy Yarns. Part II: Abrasion Resistance and Mass

Authors: Kumpikaitė Eglė, Ragaišienė Audronė, Barburski Marcin

Fancy yarns with colour and/or structure effects are often used in clothing fabrics. These yarns give decorativeness and improve the appearance of a garment. However, fancy yarns can change the end-use properties of a fabric. Therefore,...   more »

full text | Pages 43–45

Automatic Inspection of Woven Fabric Density of Solid Colour Fabric Density by the Hough Transform

Authors: Pan Ruru, Gao Weidong, Liu Jihong , Wang Hongbo

When analysing the colourcolours in woven fabrics images, the fabrics are suggested to be divided into three categories: solid colour fabrics, single-system-mélange colour fabrics and double-system-mélange colour fabrics. Corresponding to the classification, the inspection of woven...   more »

full text | Pages 46–51

Modelling the Process of the Compression of Distance Knitted Fabrics in the Aspect of ‘Elastica Curves’

Authors: Supeł Bogdan, Mikołajczyk Zbigniew

A new model of compressing distance knitted fabrics was developed based on Euler-Leaf theory. The model differs from those previously presented, which can be solved by an integrodifferential equation of the first order. The solution of...   more »

full text | Pages 52–55

Wettability of Easy-Care Finished Cotton

Authors: Uddin Faheem, Lomas Mike

The easy-care finishing of cotton cross-links adjacent molecular chains in a cellulose structure, whereby the wettability of finished cotton fabric is significantly reduced or becomes unwettable. The pigment printing of easy-care finished cotton fabric was investigated....   more »

full text | Pages 56–60

Probabilistic Model of Dynamic Forces in Thread in the Knitting Zone of Weft Knitting Machines, Allowing for the Heterogeneity of Visco-Elasticity Yarn Properties

Authors: Kowalski Krzysztof, Włodarczyk Bogdan, Kowalski Tomasz Marek

This study presents an explanation of the stochastic character of dynamic thread loads in the knitting zone of weft-knitting machines based on a probabilistic model of the knitting process in which thread has been treated as...   more »

full text | Pages 61–67

Development of a Procedure for Camouflage Pattern Design

Authors: Friškovec Mojca, Gabrijelčič Helena

Today, camouflage uniforms are an indispensable part of military equipment and serve not only as a means of disguising an object in a certain environment but also as a national symbol. Since battlefields and areas of...   more »

full text | Pages 68–76

Testing the Efficiency of the Simultaneous Air Cleaning of Dust and Gases by Fibrous Filtering and Sorptive Structures

Authors: Kałużka Jolanta, Jankowska Elżbieta, Pośniak Małgorzata, Ławniczak Danuta

This study presents an evaluation of the filter-sorptive properties of multi-layer fibrous structures containing highly efficient polypropylene nonwovens formed with the melt-blown technique and a composite nonwoven with active carbon. Simultaneous tests of the air cleaning...   more »

full text | Pages 77–81

Influence of Undergarment Structure on the Parameters of the Microclimate under Hermetic Protective Clothingel

Authors: Bartkowiak Grażyna

Work in conditions dangerous for the human being requires appropriate protective clothing. Working in hermetic protective clothing is connected with a considerable heat burden for the user’s organism. The condition of the organism is influenced not...   more »

full text | Pages 82–86

Modification of a Polylactide Fibre Surface

Authors: Jantas Roman, Połowiński Stefan, Stawski Dawid, Szumilewicz Joanna

The properties of polylactide (PLA) fibres were modified by incorporating carboxyl groups into the fibre surface by grafting acrylic acid (AA) or by the entrapment of poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) to the fibre surface. The presence of...   more »

full text | Pages 87–91

Effect of Changes in the Nanostructure of the Outer Layer of Synthetics Fibers on their Dyeing Properties

Authors: Brzeziński Stefan, Kaleta Agnieszka, Kowalczyk Dorota , Malinowska Grażyna, Gajdzicki Bogumił, Gajdzicki Bogumił

Numerous, often contradictory, literature reports concerning the influence of various types of atmospheric plasma on the dyeing properties of fibres inclined us to undertake investigations into the use of corona discharge for the preliminary modification of...   more »

full text | Pages 92–98

Removal of Copper and Chromium Ions from Aqueous Solutions Using Hydrophilic Finished Textile Fabrics

Authors: Ibrahim Sayeda M.

Modified textile fabrics were used to remove Cu+2 and Cr+3 ions from aqueous solutions. For this purpose, modified Nylon-6, polyester woven and knitted fabrics were prepared by means of coating their surface with a layer of...   more »

full text | Pages 99–104

Textile Wastewater Treatment by the Fenton Method

Authors: Kos Lech, Michalska Karina, Perkowski Jan

The aim of this study was to determine the efficiency of the decomposition of pollutants present in textile wastewater in the Fenton process. The main processing parameters, namely the optimum quantities of hydrogen peroxide and ferric...   more »

full text | Pages 105–109

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