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Issue 2 (79) / 2010

Title page       Contents
 

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Investigation of Energy Consumption in Yarn Production with Special Reference to Open-End Rotor Spinningtponly

Authors: Kaplan Emel, Koç Erdem

The aim of this study is to evaluate the energy consumption, in general, for open-end rotor type yarn manufacturing systems and to examine the energy consumption in a chosen spinning mill by considering available data including...   more »

full text | Pages 7–13

Analysis of Energy Consumption in Woven Fabric Productionc

Authors: Koç Erdem, Çinçik Emel

One of the most important factors that affect the cost of a woven fabric is the energy cost. In this study, general information about the energy types and levels that are used during woven fabric production...   more »

full text | Pages 14–20

Research and development

Polysaccharide Blend Fibres Formed from NaOH, N-Methylmorpholine-N-oxide and 1-Ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate

Authors: Wendler Frank, Meister Frank, Wawro Dariusz, Wesołowska Ewa, Ciechańska Danuta, Saake Bodo , Puls Jürgen , Le Moigne Nicolas , Navard Patrick

The aim of the study was to find new structured biopolymer blends bearing adjustable properties able to produce innovative materials. Apart from cellulose and three solvents (NaOH, N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide [NMMO] and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate [EMIMac]), 15 different polysaccharides...   more »

full text | Pages 21–30

Influence of Spinning Parameters on Polyester/Polyester and Polyester/Viscose DREF-3 Yarns Tensile Properties

In this study, polyester staple fiber core/polyester sheath and polyester staple fiber core/viscose sheath DREF-3 core yarns were produced using different spinning parameters in order to understand their effect on yarn tensile properties. Yarns of 65...   more »

full text | Pages 31–34

Numerical Computation of a Flow Field Affected by the Process Parameters of Murata Vortex Spinning

Authors: Zou ZhuanYong, Liu ShiRui, Zheng ShaoMing , Cheng Long-Di

In this paper, flow patterns, such as the velocity distribution along the radius of the nozzle block at section A-A and static pressure distributions along the nozzle block axis and its radius at section A-A, affected...   more »

full text | Pages 35–39

Analysis of the Breaking Characteristics of Twisted Yarns

Authors: Stepanovic Jovan, Radivojevic Dragan, Petrovic Vasilije , Golubovic Svetomir

In many cases single yarns do not fulfill the requirements necessary for the production of certain types of textiles. At the same time, they do not have most of the characteristics that are important for textile...   more »

full text | Pages 40–44

Thermal Comfort Index as a Method of Assessing the Thermal Comfort of Textile Materials

Authors: Matusiak Małgorzata

Thermal comfort is an element of clothing utility comfort. It is defined as a state of satisfaction with the thermal conditions of the environment. Thermal comfort refers to the maintenance of a proper relationship between body...   more »

full text | Pages 45–50

Pilling Performance and Abrasion Characteristics of Selected Basic Weft Knitted Fabrics

Authors: Akaydin Muhammet , Can Yahya

The aim of this study was the determination of the effects of dyeing, knit construction and the thread yarn production type on the abrasion resistance and pilling performance of selected basic weft knitted fabrics. For this...   more »

full text | Pages 51–54

Investigation of the Mechanics and Performance of Woven Fabrics Using Objective Evaluation Techniques. Part I: The Relationship Between FAST, KES-F and Cusick’s Drape-Meter Parameters

Authors: Tokmak Ozge , Berkalp Omer Berk, Geršak Jelka

In this study, mechanical and performance analyses of woven fabrics were carried out using objective evaluation techniques. The KES-FB Auto system, the FAST system and Cusick’s Drape Meter were used to evaluate the mechanical properties of...   more »

full text | Pages 55–59

Grey Relational Analysis of an Automatic Identifying System for Clothing Texture

Authors: Su Te-Li, Kuo Yu-Lin , Chen Hua-Wei , Kung Fu-Chen

Abstract: Fabric quality inspection is important to the textile industry because the price of second-quality fabric is merely 45% to 65% of that of fi rst-quality fabric. Using the wavelet transform, this paper intends to analyse...   more »

full text | Pages 60–64

Laboratory Stand for the Optimisation of the UV Curing of Fluids Disposed on Textiles

Authors: Stempień Zbigniew, Tokarska Magdalena, Gniotek Krzysztof

Processes of linking polymer coatings which functionalise textiles in the presence of photoinitiators require using high-energy UV radiation sources. However, the values of radiation intensities and UV doses used should be controlled so that they will...   more »

full text | Pages 65–69

Novel Method to Evaluate the Low-Stress Shearing Behaviour of Knitted Fabrics

Authors: Hasani Hossein

In this paper, the ability of the pulling-through method with a distance plate for measuring the shearing properties of knitted fabrics was studied. The conventional extraction method does not have a good correlation with the shearing...   more »

full text | Pages 70–72

Monitoring Flexing Fatigue Damage in the Coating of a Breathable-Coated Textile

Authors: Padleckienė Ingrida , Petrulis Donatas

In this study, different samples of commercially available breathable polyurethane (PU)-coated fabrics were experimentally tested applying the crumple/flex method. The flexing fatigue resistance test involves the nucleation of damage that is responsible for coated fabric failure....   more »

full text | Pages 73–77

Taguchi Approach for the Optimisation of the Bursting Strength of Knitted Fabrics

Authors: Mavruz Serin , Ogulata R. Tugrul

In this paper, the bursting strength of knitted fabrics was optimised using the Taguchi experiment design technique, which is a recently famous approach. In the evaluations, analyses of variance (ANOVA) and the signal to noise ratio...   more »

full text | Pages 78–83

Textiles Preventing Skin Damage

Authors: Irzmańska Emilia , Lipp-Symonowicz Barbara, Kujawa Jolanta , Irzmański Robert

The use of designed and created fabrics characteried by the specific placement of hydrophobic and hydrophilic fibres in their structure was tested, together with their various contact with the user’s skin (due to the fabric surface)....   more »

full text | Pages 84–90

Fabric Mechanical-Surface Properties of Compression Hosiery and their Effects on Skin Pressure Magnitudes when Worn

Authors: Liu Rong , Liu Rong , Kwok Yi-Lin , Li Yi, Lao Terence-T

Compression hosiery (CH) is one kind of mechanical therapeutic approach for the prophylaxis and treatment of venous disorders in the lower limbs. Their compression functional performance and comfort sensations are largely related to their material properties....   more »

full text | Pages 91–97

Influences of Proteases and Trans-glutaminases on Wool

Authors: Montazer Majid , Ramin Afsaneh

In this study wool fabrics were treated first with proteases (Savinase 16L) at different temperatures over various periods of time. The samples were then tested for some mechanical and physical properties. To overcome the strength loss...   more »

full text | Pages 98–102

Streaming Potential – Characteristics of Dyed Cotton Fibres

Authors: Pielesz Anna

This paper deals with the surface properties of dyed cotton fibres, which were analysed by measuring the streaming potential. Diversified values of the potential were obtained for samples of fabrics dyed with model direct dyes 1-10....   more »

full text | Pages 103–106

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