Where you are: Home pageYear 2010Issue (82) → Article:
AAA     ENG | POL

Improved Properties of Cotton Fabrics Treated with Lipase and Its Combination with Pectinase

Research and development

Authors:

Download... PDF
Full text

Abstract:

A commercial lipase preparation (Lipolase) was examined as a scouring agent for cotton fabrics. Application of the enzyme enabled the creation of wax-free textiles where considerable amounts of pectin and protein were removed. Compositional changes were associated with the modification of the crystallinity index and degree of polymerisation as well as improved hydrophilicity and whiteness of fabrics. Assessment of micromechanical properties by the Kawabata Evaluation System showed that lipase-mediated scouring could be as effective as conventional alkali treatment. Combining lipase with pectinase in a one-step process enabled to reduce the time required for bioscouring and forming fabrics with superior properties and excellent dyeing performance. The features desired were achieved by applying an appropriate mixture of scouring agents for suitable treatment times. The crystallinity index of fabrics could be used as a single variable for predicting their mechanical behaviour.

Tags: bioscouring, cotton fabrics, crystallinity index, lipase, mechanical properties.

Citation: Kalantzi S., Mamma D., Kalogeris E., Kekos D.; Improved Properties of Cotton Fabrics Treated with Lipase and its Combination with Pectinase. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2010, Vol. 18, No. 5 (82) pp. 86-92.

Published in issue no 5 (82) / 2010, pages 86–92.

CONTACT:

FIBRES & TEXTILES
in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
tel. (48-42) 638-03-14
tel. (48-42) 638-03-63
e-mail: infor@ibwch.lodz.pl
Events:

EDITORIAL OFFICE
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 1927, 90-570 Łódź, Poland • tel.  (48-42) 638-03-14 • e-mail: infor@ibwch.lodz.plhttp://www.fibtex.lodz.pl

EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT
Editor-in-Chief Emilia Jaszczurska-Niedźwiedzka, V-ce Editor-in-Chief Marta Cyrczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna Wahl, Typesetting and Printed at Media-Press • Production IBWCh

facebook