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Issue 5-6 (64) / 2007

Title page       Contents
 

Research and development

Rheological Behaviour of Polypropylene/Boehmite Composites, Structure and Properties of Hybrid Fibres

Authors: Marcinčin Anton, Hricová Marcela, Marcinčin Konštantin, Hoferiková Alena, Legéň Jaroslav

In this paper, the effect of the re-melting and kneading of polypropylene (PP)/Boehmite composites in a twin-screw extruder on their rheological properties and spinning as well as the effect of the uniaxial deformation of composite fibres...   more »

full text | Pages 16–21

DSC and Two-dimensional Correlation Infrared Spectroscopy Studies of PA6/Montmorillonite Composite Fibres

Authors: Ślusarczyk Czesław, Biniaś Włodzimierz, Fabia Janusz, Biniaś Dorota

The majority of research on polymer/layered silicate nanocomposite (PLSN) has focused on molded bulk materials with very few recent studies reporting on the formation of PLSN fibres. Hence, more research needs to be conducted in this...   more »

full text | Pages 22–26

Supramolecular Structure and Properties of PA6-LCO Molecular Composite Fibres

Authors: Janicki Jarosław, Bączek Marcin

Nowadays polyamides have become essential in fibre production for textiles and technical uses. However, such applications require extremely high strength parameters as well as excellent dimensional stability. In order to improve polymer properties they are reinforced...   more »

full text | Pages 27–29

Supermolecular Structure of Polypropylene Fibres Modified by Additives

Authors: Broda Jan, Gawłowski Andrzej, Fabia Janusz, Ślusarczyk Czesław

The most common procedure for the modification of polypropylene fibre involves adding additives, which are incorporated into polymer by physical means during fibre formation. Particles of the additives blended with polypropylene melt cause a change in...   more »

full text | Pages 30–33

PA 6 / Copolyamide / Layered Silicate Fibres

Authors: Kristofič Michal, Duliková Mária, Vassová Iveta, Ryba Jozef

The modification of PA 6 fibres with macromolecular modifiers in order to improve their sorptive and electric properties was studied. Modifiers consisting of binary, high molecular, semicrystalline copolyamides (from ƒĂ-caprolactam as a major component and 5,...   more »

full text | Pages 34–36

Polypropylene Fibres Modified by Polyvinyl Alcohol and Nanoadditive. Structure and Properties

Authors: Ujhelyiová Anna, Strecká Zuzana, Bolhová Eva, Duliková Mária, Bugaj Peter

The modification of polypropylene (PP) by nanoadditives (NA) is an effective way to prepare the fibres with advanced properties for textile and technical application. The modification of polypropylene fibres by NA exhibit the change in morphology...   more »

full text | Pages 37–40

A New Antimicrobial ALCERU® Fibre with Silver Nanoparticles

Authors: Wendler Frank, Meister Frank, Montigny Rene, Wagener Michael

Antimicrobial fibres were produced by the implementation of nanoscaled silver particles into a solution of cellulose and N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMMO). Usage of particles with 80 – 140 nm and 5 - 20 nm grain size, which have...   more »

full text | Pages 41–45

Swelling Behaviour of Cellulosic Fibres – Part I: Changes in Physical Properties

Authors: Ehrhardt Analise, Groner Sibylle, Bechtold Thomas

The swelling and dissolving properties of textile materials are characterised in cotton and regenerated cellulosic fibres of lyocell and viscose (NMMO- and xanthogenate-type). The swelling, fractionation and dissolution mechanisms and their effect on polysaccharide substrate were...   more »

full text | Pages 46–48

Mechanical Properties of Basalt Filaments

Authors: Militký Jiři, Kovačič Vladimir, Bajzik Vladimir

In this contribution selected physical and mechanical properties of laboratory prepared basalt filaments and fibres drawn out from these are presented. The mechanical properties were investigated after tempering up to 800 °C. The ultimate strength distribution,...   more »

full text | Pages 49–53

Fatigue Curves Elaborated for Selected Worsted Wool Yarns

Authors: Drobina Robert, Włochowicz Andrzej, Machnio Mieczysław S., Drobina Elżbieta, Lewandowski Stanisław

There is not any elaborated methodology for making diagrams of fatigue strength curves for yarns presented in world wide literature. Thus, we proposed our own methodology for measuring the properties of fatigue strength, using worsted wool...   more »

full text | Pages 54–58

Measuring the Heat of Wetting of Textile Fibres by Reaction Calorimetry

Authors: Varga Ksenija, Schadel Uta, Nilsson Holger, Persson Olof, Schuster K. Christian

The heat of wetting of regenerated cellulosic fibres (TENCEL®, Viscose and Modal) was investigated by reaction calorimetry in comparison with cotton, polyester and TENCEL® Fabric. Reaction calorimetry is a technique applied for measuring the heat evolved...   more »

full text | Pages 59–63

Influence of Liquid Nature on Wetting Behaviour of an Inclined Fibre

Authors: Adomaviciene Milda, Schwarz Anne, Stanys Sigitas

In a previous publication [3] it was shown that the inclination angle of a fibre being imm-ersed and druwn out from a liquid reservoir (glycerol) influences the development of liquid instability, and consequently the formation of...   more »

full text | Pages 64–68

The Influence of Applied Voltage on Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) Nanofibre Diameter

Authors: Adomavičiūtė Erika, Milašius Rimvydas

Nowadays the electrospinning process is being widely investigated due to huge interest in nanotechnology science, but this process still has not been fully explained. So far there has been no general agreement amongst researchers about the...   more »

full text | Pages 69–72

Producing Wound Dressing Materials from Chitin Derivatives by Forming Nonwovens Directly from Polymer Solution

Authors: Krucińska Izabella, Komisarczyk Agnieszka, Chrzanowski Michał, Paluch Danuta

Dibutrylchitin is an ester derivative of chitin, characterised by good biomedical properties. Therefore, it can be used as a raw material for wound dressings. The high solubility of dibutyrylchitin in common organic solvents allows to transform...   more »

full text | Pages 73–76

The Nonwovens Formation in the Melt-blown Process

Authors: Lewandowski Zbigniew, Ziabicki Andrzej, Jarecki Leszek

Melt-blowing is an industrial method for the rapid production of nonwoven fibres. In melt-blowing a polymer is melted and extruded through a capillary while heated air is blown through an air nozzle. The aerodynamic drag of...   more »

full text | Pages 77–81

Influence of Technologic Parameters on Filtration Characteristics of Nonwoven Fabrics Obtained by Padding

Authors: Grzybowska-Pietras Joanna, Malkiewicz Jadwiga

The influence of the technological parameters of the padding process on the filtration properties of polyester nonwoven fabrics was analyzed. The variables were surface weight and binding agent concentration. The filtration properties were indirectly analyzed by...   more »

full text | Pages 82–85

Analysis of Planar Anisotropy of Fibre Systems by Using 2D Fourier Transform

Authors: Tunak Maros, Linka Ales

This paper describes a simple method of description of the anisotropy of fibre systems using image analysis. The proposed method is based on Fourier transform which is in frequency domains displayed by high values of frequency...   more »

full text | Pages 86–90

Kinetics of Humidification and Drying Clothing Microclimate in Simulating Researches

Authors: Kobiela-Mendrek Katarzyna , Marcinkowska Ewa

The humidification phenomenon of the space closed by the body and clothing fabric was investigated using physical simulation of mass and heat transfer on a Hy-tester computer system. Measurements were performed at fixed conditions, including water...   more »

full text | Pages 91–93

Thermal Comfort Properties of Some Knitted Structures

Authors: Oglakcioglu Nida, Marmarali Arzu

In this paper, the thermal properties of cotton and polyester based single jersey of 1×1 rib and interlock structures were statistically investigated. The thermal properties of samples were measured using Alambeta and Permetest devices. The results...   more »

full text | Pages 94–96

Mathematical Model of Textronics Fabric with Textile Heater

Authors: Frydrysiak Michał, Ziegler Stefan, Gniotek Krzysztof

This work presents a mathematical description and model of textronic clothing with textile heater. The aim of this paper is to show numerical calculations of and experimental research into the compensation for thermal field disturbances that...   more »

full text | Pages 97–100

Magnetic Cellulose Fibres and Their Application in Textronics

Authors: Rubacha Marcin, Zięba Janusz

In this article the mechanical and magnetic properties of magnetic fibre based on experimental investigation are described. These magnetic fibres, made up of cellulose matrix and powdered magnetic modifier, were used to build textile magnetical coils...   more »

full text | Pages 101–104

Textronics System for Breathing Measurement

Authors: Zięba Janusz, Frydrysiak Michał, Gniotek Krzysztof

This article will present a prototype of a textronics system for monitoring one of the most vital human signals, the frequency of breathing. Here, the authors present optical fibre techniques in textile engineering, as great methods...   more »

full text | Pages 105–108

Aesthetic Aspects of Clothing Products in the Context of Maintenance Procedures

Authors: Szafrańska Halina, Pawłowa Maria

To improve the aesthetics of clothing (jackets), special insert materials are used during production. During usage, clothing comes into contact with various factors (physical, chemical, mechanical and biological ones) which cause deformation and wear. In order...   more »

full text | Pages 109–112

Effect of NaOH Treatment on the Interfibrillar Swelling and Dyeing Properties of Lyocell (TENCEL.) Fibres

Authors: Oztruk Bahar Hale, Bechtold Thomas

The effect of interfibrillar swelling on swelling degree, carboxyl content, split number, weight loss and dyeing properties by using NaOH solution up to 2.5 M concentration of lyocell fibres was investigated. The Split number and weight...   more »

full text | Pages 114–117

Biodegradable Polymeric Surfactants from O–(Carboxymethyl)starche

Authors: Srokova Iva, Sasinková Vlasta, Ebringerová Anna

This contribution/study deals with partial hydrophobisation of O-(carboxymethyl)starches (CMS, DS = 0.1 and 0.3) with alkylamine (C6, C10, and C12). The reaction was performed in methanol and dimethylsulfoxide with Dimethylaminopyridine(DMAP) as catalyst under classical heating and...   more »

full text | Pages 118–120

Surface Modification of Polypropylene Nonwoven after Plasma Activation at Atmospheric Pressure

Authors: Cernáková Ludmila, Szabová R., Wolfova M., Buček Andrej, Buček Andrej, Cernak M.., Cernak M..

Polypropylene non-woven fabrics were activated by an atmospheric-pressure plasma treatment in ambient air using a novel plasma source. Subsequently, the plasma activated samples were coated by a nanostructured Fe2O3 layer using surfactant-free water dispersion of Fe2O3...   more »

full text | Pages 121–123

Physical and Absorptive Changes in Plasma Treated Viscose Fibres

Authors: Vrabič Urška, Jesih Adolf, Svetec Diana Gregor

Chemical modification of the fibres was successful in improving their different properties, but there are environmental concerns related to the disposal of chemicals after treatment. Taking into account the advantages related to the technology of plasma...   more »

full text | Pages 124–126

Structuralisation and Functionalisation of a Fibre Surface by Modifying the Fibre Material

Authors: Murarova Anna, Podobekova Silva, Murarova Zuzana

Fibres are used in various fields of social life. Several functional properties are required from them according to the purpose of use. Due to their chemical composition and macromorphological structure, functional properties of fibre materials mutually...   more »

full text | Pages 127–130

Dyeing Kinetics and Colouristic Properties of Blend PP/PES Fibres

Authors: Bolhová Eva, Ujhelyiová Anna, Val'ková K., Marcinčin Anton

The aim of this work was the study of the dyeability of blended polypropylene/polyester (PP/PES) fibres. Blended PP/PES fibres contain various polyesters - polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polybuthylene terephthalate (PBT), polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT) and a blend of...   more »

full text | Pages 131–135

Raman Spectroscopy as a Tool for Analysing Dye Distribution in Alginate Hydrogels

Authors: Pielesz Anna

Hydrogels are cross-linked three-dimensional macromolecular networks that contain a large fraction of water within their structure. One of the most important properties of alginate hydrogels, leading to their broad versatility, is their ability for controlled uptake,...   more »

full text | Pages 136–140

The Hydrophobisation of Cellulose Pulp

Authors: Rom Monika, Dutkiewicz Jacek, Dutkiewicz Jacek, Fryczkowska Beata, Fryczkowski Ryszard

The hydrophobisation of cellulose can be achieved by the treatment of wood fibers with aluminum sulfate and sodium salts of fatty acids. The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of various factors on...   more »

full text | Pages 141–144

Chitosan Fibres Modified by Fibroin

Authors: Strobin Grażyna, Ciechańska Danuta, Wawro Dariusz, Stęplewski Włodzimierz, Jóźwicka Jolanta, Sobczak Serafina, Haga Atsunobu

This article presents research results concerning the formation of chitosan fibres modified by silk-fibroin. Silk-fibroin isolated from the Bombyx mori silkworm cocoons and chitosan were used for our investigations. In order to find advantageous fibre-formation conditions,...   more »

full text | Pages 146–148

Polyolefin Fibres with Waste Raw Material Content

Authors: Twarowska-Schmidt Krystyna

When companies process waste-drinkbottles, after the poly(ethylene terephthalate) flakes have been isolated, a waste mass remains which includes mainly the polymers of bottle caps manufactured from polyolefins, such as high density polyethylene (HDPE) and polypropylene (PP)....   more »

full text | Pages 152–156

Novel Biocomposites with Feather Keratin

Authors: Wrześniewska-Tosik Krystyna, Wawro Dariusz, Ratajska Maria, Stęplewski Włodzimierz

This work deals with the preparation and characterisation of cellulose-keratin biocomposites. A method of manufacturing fibrous composite materials by wet spinning is presented. We used natural polymers, biomodified cellulose and keratin obtained from chicken feathers. Keratin...   more »

full text | Pages 157–162

A Nonwovens Coated By Chitosan with Potential Anti-microbial Behaviour – Preliminary Results

Authors: Struszczyk Marcin H., Brzoza-Malczewska Kinga, Szalczyńska Magdalena

The aim of the research was to elaborate the manufacturing method of modified non-woven materials for medical use as absorbent material in consumers’ plasters. The modified non-woven materials obtained from polypropylene or viscose fibres, using buffered...   more »

full text | Pages 163–166

An Environment-Friendly Method to Prepare Microcrystalline Cellulose

Authors: Stupińska Halina, Iller Edward, Zimek Zbigniew, Wawro Dariusz, Ciechańska Danuta, Kopania Ewa, Palenik Jarosław, Milczarek Sławomir, Stęplewski Włodzimierz, Krzyżanowska Grażyna

In this article a method is presented to prepare MCC from cellulose pulp employing an environment-friendly, effective two-step radiation-enzymatic depolymerisation process. The process was grounded on the radiation degradation by means of an electron beam to...   more »

full text | Pages 167–172

Influence of a Woven Fabric Structure on the Propagation Velocity of a Tension Wave

Authors: Stempień Zbigniew

This article presents the results of research into the propagation velocity of a tension wave in a woven fabric with dependence on the parameters of its structure, such as the weave and the density of weft...   more »

full text | Pages 174–178

The Influence of Textiles on Corona Discharge Created Around a Human Fingertip

Authors: Ciesielska-Wróbel Izabela Luiza, Masajtis Józef

A corona discharge is a visible, electrical discharge observed in gases, which occurs on the surface of charged conductors. In our research, the discharges were generated around human fingertips and recorded in the form of films...   more »

full text | Pages 179–184

Archaeological Textiles – A Need for New Methods of Analysis and Reconstruction

Authors: Cybulska Maria, Maik Jerzy

Archaeological textiles bear important testimony to everyday life, farming, trade, migration of nations, religious rituals, art and technical culture. The main reason we know very little about them is that textiles are very impermanent, fragile, and...   more »

full text | Pages 185–189

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