Where you are: Home pageYear 2007Issue 4 (63)

Issue 4 (63) / 2007

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Poland’s Trade Policy and its Changes in the Context of European Integration – Consequences for the Protective Clothing Market

Authors: Koszewska Małgorzata

By accepting the EU’s ‘acquis communautaire’ applying to common trade policy, Poland has become a party to all international customs and trade agreements concluded by the Community. The replacement of a national customs tariff with an...   more »

full text | Pages 9–12

Critical Success Factors for International Fashion Retailers Entering Foreign Markets

Authors: Završnik Bruno

Within Europe there are a variety of fashion-clothing retailers, ranging from local clothing and department stores to internationally active fashion retail chains. When initiating an internationalisation strategy, fashion retailers should reflect upon the congruence of their...   more »

full text | Pages 13–17

An Investigation on Energy Consumption in Yarn Production with Special Reference to Ring Spinning

Authors: Koç Erdem, Kaplan Emel

The aim of this study was to evaluate the energy consumption, in general, for ring type yarn manufacturing systems and to examine the energy consumption in a chosen spinning mill by considering the available data including...   more »

full text | Pages 18–24

Research and development

Blended Polypropylene/Polyethylene Terephthalate Fibres: Crystallisation Behaviour of Polypropylene and Mechanical Properties

Authors: Ujhelyiová Anna, Bolhová Eva, Marcinčin Anton, Tiňo Radoslav

Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and the compatibilisers ethylenedistearamide (EDSA) and ethylenevinylacetate (EVAc) are used for the modification of PP fibres that are aimed at improving the dyeability by dyeing fibres in a bath. This causes changes in...   more »

full text | Pages 26–29

Preparation and Morphology of Poly(butylene succinate) Nanofibers via Electrospinning

Authors: Liu Yong, He Ji-huan, Yu Jian-yong

An electrospinning method was used to produce Poly(butylene succinate) (PBS) nanofibres. The morphology of the fibres was studied considering fibres of different weight concentrations of PBS/CF solution and spun with different diameters of needle-orifice. The results...   more »

full text | Pages 30–33

Selected Aspects of the Yarn Formation with a False-twist Method in the Air-jet Spinning Chamber

Authors: Witczak Dariusz, Golański Józef

Some selected aspects of the yarn formation in the air-jet false-twist spinning chamber operating according to the MJS (Murata Jet Spinning) principle were discussed. The chamber under investigation is characterised by a straight inlet channel and...   more »

full text | Pages 34–38

Some Aspects of Fabric Drape

Authors: Lojen Daria Žunič, Jevšnik Simona

Drape is one of the important factors influencing the aesthetics and functionality of fabrics. Therefore, investigation into drape parameters is important for analysing its behaviour. Drape parameters were investigated from different aspects using the Cusick Drape...   more »

full text | Pages 39–45

A Statistical Model for the Hairiness of Cotton/Polyester Blended OE Rotor Yarns

Authors: Baykal Pinar Duru, Babaarslan Osman, Rizvan Erol

This study aimed to predict the hairiness of cotton/polyester blended rotor yarns using blend ratios and yarn count as predictor variables. A simplex lattice design with two replications at each design point was constructed to determine...   more »

full text | Pages 46–49

The Effects of Heat-Setting on the Properties of Polyester/Viscose Blended Yarns

Authors: Sardag Sibel, Özdemir Özcan, Kara Ismail

30 tex and 20 tex yarn bobbins consisting of 67% PES - 33% viscose were subjected to heat-setting at 90 °C & 110 °C, and under a pressure of 630 mmHg in order to investigate the...   more »

full text | Pages 50–53

Comparison of the Properties of False Twist Textured Super Bright, Semi-dull, Grey and Black Dope Dyed Polyethylene Terephthalate Yarns

Authors: Tavanai Hossein

Dope-dyed polyethylene terephthalate (PET) set yarns, which are usually used for the production of fabrics dedicated to manufacture car seats, have better light and washing fastnesses when compared with those dyed with conventional methods such as...   more »

full text | Pages 54–58

Approximate Study on a Tensile Model of Wool/spandex Core-spun Yarn

Authors: Dang Min, Wang Shanyuan

An approximate approach is presented to calculate and predict the specific stress of wool/spandex core-spun yarn, based on an idealised yarn structure model and Hearle’s yarn theory. The approximate model covers some major parameters from wool...   more »

full text | Pages 59–62

The Prediction of Cotton Ring Yarn Properties from AFIS Fibre Properties by Using Linear Regression Models

Authors: Üreyen Mustafa E., Kadoğlu Hüseyin

In this paper some models for predicting the most important ring yarn quality characteristics were built by using AFIS (Advanced Fibre Information System) data. Yarn count, twist and roving properties were also selected as predictors because...   more »

full text | Pages 63–67

Study on Pneumatic Weft Insertion Behaviour in Main Nozzle

Authors: Ye G.-M., Shen D.-F.

In this paper, with the aim of analysis, the main nozzle was divided into four part (tubes). This allowed to analyse detailed airflow parameters of each tube, and introduce a method of experiment to test the...   more »

full text | Pages 68–72

The Effects of Elastane Yarn Type and Fabric Density on Sewing Needle Penetration Forces and Seam Damage of PET/Elastane Woven Fabrics

Authors: Gurarda A., Meric Binnaz

This paper presents the effects of elastane yarn type and fabric density on the seam performance of PET/ elastane woven fabrics. In this study, 12 different weft stretched fabrics were woven with 2 different weft yarns,...   more »

full text | Pages 73–76

Novel Dressing Materials Accelerating Wound Healing Made from Dibutyrylchitin

Authors: Chilarski Andrzej, Szosland Lidia, Krucińska Izabella, Kiekens Paul, Błasińska Anna, Schoukens Gustaaf, Cisło Romualda, Szumilewicz Joanna

Dibutyrylchitin (DBC), a soluble chitin derivative, is a polymer with confirmed biological properties. DBC was obtained in the reaction of shrimp chitin with butyric anhydride, carried out under heterogeneous condition, in which perchloric acid was used...   more »

full text | Pages 77–81

Thermogravimetric Measurements of Poly(Propylene) Nonwovens Containing Deposited Layers of Polyelectrolytes and Colloidal Particles of Noble Metals

Authors: Połowiński Stefan, Stawski Dawid

The layer-by-layer method was used as a convenient way for depositing colloidal particles of silver, gold or platinum on textiles. After modifications the samples were tested using thermogravimetric analysis. It was found that the incorporation of...   more »

full text | Pages 82–85

Bio-scouring of Linen Fabrics with Laccase Complex from Cerrena unicolor

Authors: Sójka-Ledakowicz Jadwiga, Lichawska-Olczyk Joanna, Ledakowicz Stanisław, Michniewicz Anna

Presently biotechnology plays an important role especially in the field of environmental protection. In the textile industry enzymes are often used in many technological processes as they are ecological. Flax fibres are special among textile raw...   more »

full text | Pages 86–89

Surface Functionalization of Nonwovens by Aluminum Sputter Coating

Authors: Deng Bingyao, Deng Bingyao, Wei Qufu, Gao Weidong, Yan Xiong

Nonwoven materials have been widely used in many industries. The surface properties of nonwovens are of importance in the applications presented here. In this study, magnetron sputter coating was used to deposit functional metal aluminium (Al)...   more »

full text | Pages 90–92

The Influence of Low-temperature Plasma and Enzymatic Treatment on Hemp Fabric Dyeability

Authors: Radetic M., Jovancic P., Jocic D., Topalovic T., Puac N., Petrovic Z. L. J.

In order to study the influence of low-temperature air plasma and enzymatic treatment on the dyeing properties of hemp, “cold dyeing” of hemp fabric with acid dye (C.I. acid blue 113) and direct dye (C.I. direct...   more »

full text | Pages 93–96

Use of Ultrasonic Technology in Enzymatic Pretreatment Processes of Cotton Fabrics

Authors: Karaboğa C., Körlü A.E., Duran Kerim, Bahtiyari  M. I.

The field of ultrasonics is still making strides towards perfection, but already many applications of ultrasonic energy have been found in science and technology. Ultrasonics is the science of sound waves above the limits of human...   more »

full text | Pages 97–100

Reactive Dyes Derivatives of Quinoline Triazinium Salts for Dyeing Cellulose Fibres in Neutral Medium

Authors: Paluszkiewicz Joanna, Czajkowski Wojciech (Wiesław)

A number of bi-functional fibre-reactive dye derivatives of C.I. Reactive Red 120 containing quinolino-s-triazine groups were synthesised and their application properties during the dyeing of cotton fabrics were determined. Lower fixation values of new dyes with...   more »

full text | Pages 101–103

Analytical Investigation of Low-speed, Large Overall-dimension Journal Bearings Operating in Textile Machines

Authors: Kapusta Henryk, Strzelecki Stanisław

The subject of this paper is the theoretical investigation of low-speed, mechanically and thermally heavy loaded journal bearings of calendaring and similar type machines operating under identical conditions. A heated press cylinder had hollowed journals of...   more »

full text | Pages 104–107


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