Where you are: Home pageYear 2007Issue 2 (61)

Issue 2 (61) / 2007

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Environmental Regulations in the European Union and their Effects on the Turkish Textile Industry

Authors: Atilgan Turan

As is well known, one of the most important social obligations of industrial enterprises is to be responsive to the environment. Protection of the environment and keeping it unpolluted for the future are among the social...   more »

full text | Pages 8–13

Eco-labelling Applications in the Textile & Apparel Sector in Turkey

Authors: Atilgan Turan

Eco-labelling application is an important feature for those textile and apparel firms which place importance on the environment and health. Nowadays the usage of an eco-label has become a necessity for firms due to customers’ demands. In...   more »

full text | Pages 14–19

Research and development

Rheological Properties of Biocelsol/Viscose Blend Solutions and Properties of Regenerated Cellulose Films

Authors: Marcinčin Anton, Dolgoš O., Rusnák A., Ciechańska Danuta, Wawro Dariusz

The dissolving of cellulose in suitable solvents to prepare fibre-forming and film-forming solutions has been a very attractive field of research for more than a hundred years. In this paper we present the rheological properties of alkali...   more »

full text | Pages 20–25

Effect of MMT Content and its Modifier on the Rheological Properties of PIA Nanocomposite Spinning Solutions

Authors: Mikołajczyk Teresa, Olejnik Magdalena

In this paper we have examined the rheological properties of spinning solutions of polyimideamide (PIA) nanocomposite containing different amounts of montmorillonite (MMT) in the form of the Nanomer PGW (produced in the USA), modified with aminododecane...   more »

full text | Pages 26–29

Fibrous Products with Keratin Content

Authors: Wrześniewska-Tosik Krystyna, Wawro Dariusz, Stęplewski Włodzimierz, Szadkowski Marek

A method of manufacturing fibrous composite materials by wet spinning is presented. We used natural polymers, namely sodium alginate and keratin obtained from chicken feathers. Spinning solutions were prepared from these polymers, and after filtration and...   more »

full text | Pages 30–35

A Hybrid Expert Systems Architecture for Yarn Fault Diagnosis

Authors: Dlodlo Nomusa, Dlodlo Nomusa, Hunter Lawrance, Hunter Lawrance, Cele Cyprian, Metelerkamp Roger, Botha Anton F.

This article describes a hybrid expert system architecture to support yarn fault diagnosis. The system uses a combination of rule-based and case-based techniques to achieve the diagnosis. Rule-based systems handle problems with well-defined knowledge bases, which...   more »

full text | Pages 43–49

Performance of Rib Structures from Bouclé Yarns

Authors: Nergis Banu Uygun, Candan Cevza

In this experimental study, the effects of the production parameters of bouclé yarn, such as overfeed ratio, the binding yarn’s twist direction and twist amount on the properties of 2×1 and 2×2 rib structures have been investigated....   more »

full text | Pages 50–53

The Wear Analysis of Steel Yarn Guide in Ring Spinning Frame

Authors: Płonka Stanisław, Hajduga Maciej, Jędrzejczyk Dariusz

This paper presents the results of our investigations into the wear of steel guides by yarn blends. The guides were made from steel 50SiCr4 which was hardened and tempered to a hardness value of 400 HB....   more »

full text | Pages 53–57

Prediction of Fuzz Fibers on Fabric Surface by Using Neural Network and Regression Analysis

Authors: Ucar Nuray, Ertuğrul Semiz

Fuzz on the fabric surface is very important for appearance quality, since it can lead to pilling and an unpleasant handle and appearance. Thus, it is important to predict the fuzz value on the fabric surface...   more »

full text | Pages 58–61

A Technology of Soft Weft-Knitted Fabrics Manufactured from a Fibre Stream

Authors: Kopias Kazimierz, Świątek Józef, Jańczyk Ryszard, Kossowski Zbigniew, Śledzińska Katarzyna

Extraordinary soft and fluffy knitted products may be obtained by a technology of weft-knitt-ed fabrics which we have developed and manufactured with the use of circular open-top-knitting machines. The knitting features obtained in this way raise...   more »

full text | Pages 62–66

The Effect of Thermal Insulation of Clothing on Human Thermal Comfort

Authors: Ogulata R. Tugrul

The human body is under various continuous external conditions, some of which make wearers uncomfortable. Usually, human thermal comfort depends on combinations of clothing, climate, and physical activity. Specifically thermal insulation in clothing is an important...   more »

full text | Pages 67–72

Comparative Evaluation of Clothing Thermal Insulation Measured on a Thermal Manikin and on Volunteers

Authors: Konarska Maria, Sołtyński Krzysztof, Sudoł-Szopińska Iwona, Chojnacka Anna

This paper analyses the results of comparative clothing thermal insulation measurements determined in tests on volunteers and on a thermal manikin under specified conditions, i.e. a standing man and a standing manikin in a climatic chamber...   more »

full text | Pages 73–79

Alternative Test Methods for Assessing Mechanical Properties of Disposable Diapers

Authors: Yaman Neckar, Senol M. F., Tayyar A. Ebru

It is essential to examine the mechanical properties of disposable diapers that contact the skin and affect the dermatitis of babies and infants. Until now, the KES-F system has been used to determine the mechanical properties...   more »

full text | Pages 80–84

An Approach towards a Single Pretreatment Recipe for Different Types of Cotton

Authors: Hashem Mohamed M.

Pre-treatment (preparation) of cotton fabrics constructed from different grade cotton fibres with variable physicochemical properties using a single recipe to yield single results was investigated. The differences in fabric whiteness index and the reactive colour strength...   more »

full text | Pages 85–92

An Investigation Into the Possibility of Using Cyclodextrin in Crease Resistant Finish

Authors: Kut Dilek, Günesoglu Cem, Orhan Mehmet

Cyclodextrins (CDs) can form molecular complexes with a very wide range of compounds thanks to their hydrophobic internal cavity. This feature enables them to be incorporated into fabrics, to entrap and mask a very wide range...   more »

full text | Pages 93–96

Enzymatic Modification of Potato Starch

Authors: Kazimierczak Janusz, Ciechańska Danuta, Wawro Dariusz, Guzińska Krystyna

This article presents investigations into the modification of potato starch with the use of pullulanase, an enzyme which hydrolyses the α-1,6-glycoside bonds. We tested the effect of the enzymatic reaction time and the amount of the enzyme used...   more »

full text | Pages 100–104

Films and Non-wovens Coated by Chitosan for Special Applications: Biological Decomposition Aspect

Authors: Struszczyk Marcin H., Ratajska Maria, Brzoza-Malczewska Kinga

The utilisation of sanitary products in the context of increasing amounts of household waste is a very important question. Their lack of susceptibility to biodegradation generates great social and environmental problems. This article presents the results of tests...   more »

full text | Pages 105–109


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