Where you are: Home pageYear 2007Issue 3 (62)

Issue 3 (62) / 2007

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Impact of External Determinants on the Functioning of Polish Clothing Manufacturers

Authors: Grandys Ewa

The period of recession that troubled the Polish clothing industry for many years was followed by economic transformation that slowed down the decline in production. This article analyses the amounts of production sold and labour productivity...   more »

full text | Pages 7–9

The Analysis of Innovativeness-related Needs Among the Polish Protective Clothing Manufacturers

Authors: Koszewska Małgorzata

Innovativeness is believed to be a basic prerequisite for firms to gain and maintain sustainable competitiveness on the global market. Based on a questionnaire survey, the innovativeness-related needs of Polish protective clothing manufacturers were analysed. By...   more »

full text | Pages 10–13

Research and development

The Effect of Solvent Type on the Mechanical Properties of Dibutyrylchitin (DBC) Fibres

Authors: Wawro Dariusz, Stęplewski Włodzimierz, Ciechańska Danuta, Krucińska Izabella, Wesołowska Ewa

This paper concerns the manufacture of fibres from dibutyrylchitin (DBC) using the wet spinning method. Special attention was paid to exploring the effect of solvent type on the mechanical properties of DBC fibres. Dimethyl formamide (DMF),...   more »

full text | Pages 14–18

Influence of Forming Conditions on the Tensile Strength Properties of PAN Fibres Containing a Ferromagnetic Nanoaddition

Authors: Mikołajczyk Teresa, Boguń Maciej, Kurzak Andrzej, Wójcik Mariusz, Nowicka Katarzyna

This article presents the manufacturing conditions of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fibres with ferromagnetic properties. These properties are obtained as the result of incorporating a Fe3O4 nanoaddition into the fibre-grade matter at the stage of preparing the spinning...   more »

full text | Pages 19–24

Influence of the Type of Montmorillonite and the Conditions of Fibre Formation from a Polyacrylonitrile Nanocomposite on the Fibre Properties

Authors: Mikołajczyk Teresa, Boguń Maciej, Szparaga Grzegorz

We investigated the influence of the ultrasound disintegration of montmorillonite (MMT) nanoadditions before inserting them into the spinning solution on the structure and properties of fibres spun from a polyacrylonitril (PAN) nanocomposite. The supermolecular structure, the...   more »

full text | Pages 25–31

Modelling the Dependencies Between the Structure of Feeding Streams and the Parameters of Cotton/Polyester Blended Yarns Manufactured with the Use of Ring- and Rotor Spinning Machines

Authors: Jackowska-Strumułło Lidia, Cyniak Danuta, Czekalski Jerzy, Jackowski Tadeusz

This work presents an analysis of the parameters of cotton, polyester, and blended cotton/polyester yarns manufactured using PJ ring-, and BD 200S & R1 Rieter rotor spinning machines. Cotton/polyester blended yarns of 30 tex with a...   more »

full text | Pages 32–37

Quality of Wool-Type Compact Yarns from Twisted and Rubbed Roving

Authors: Czekalski Jerzy, Cyniak Danuta, Jackowski Tadeusz, Sieradzki Karol

This article presents a method of adapting classical ring spinning machines to compact spinning. Technological investigations carried out by the authors into the quality of yarns obtained by this system are described. In order to realise...   more »

full text | Pages 38–44

Air Flow in the Air-jet False-twist Spinning Chamber

Authors: Witczak Dariusz, Golański Józef

We discuss the air flow in a false-twist spinning chamber operating according to the MJS (Murata Jet Spinning) principle. The chamber under investigation is characterised by a straight inlet channel and a separated supply zone to...   more »

full text | Pages 45–48

Spinning-in Fibres – a Quality Factor of Rotor Yarns

Authors: Trajković Dušan, Stamenkovic Miograd, Stepanovic Jovan, Radivojevic Dragan

The physical-mechanical properties of yarns, similar to those of other solid matters, are a function of their structure. Yarns are composed of fibres of different lengths and shapes, resulting in yarn spirals with varying radii, which...   more »

full text | Pages 49–54

Using Fuzzy Logic to Evaluate and Predict Chenille Yarn’s Shrinkage Behaviour

Authors: Çeven Erhan Kenan, Özdemir Özcan

In this study, a fuzzy logic system is used to determine the effects of yarn parameters on the boiling shrinkage behaviour of chenille yarns. Chenille yarns are produced with different yarn counts, pile lengths, and twist...   more »

full text | Pages 55–59

Modelling the Stress-strain Curve of Textile Products. Part 2 – Simulation of Real Stress-strain Curves

Authors: Serwatka Agnieszka, Bruniaux Pascal, Frydrych Iwona

This paper presents the second part of our study describing the modelling of the yarn stretching phenomena recently published in F&T in EE [1]. The continuation of this app-roach involves the identification of unknown parameters in...   more »

full text | Pages 60–62

A Study of the Damage Caused to Dyed Cotton Fibres and its Effects on the Properties of Rotor- and Ring-Spun Melange Yarns

A detailed study of the effect of flock dyeing of cotton fibre on the damage and different properties of rotor- and ring-spun (100% dyed, 50% dyed and 50% grey melange) yarns is reported. It was found...   more »

full text | Pages 63–67

Integrating an Object-oriented Approach and Rule-based Reasoning in the Design of a Fabric Fault Advisory Expert System

Authors: Dlodlo Nomusa, Hunter Lawrance, Cele Cyprian, Metelerkamp Roger, Botha Anton F.

This paper describes the design of an expert system that not only offers advice to both textile and non-textile users on fabric faults, but also assists in the diagnosis of fabric faults. The expert system integrates...   more »

full text | Pages 68–73

Experimental Investigation of the Effect of Fabric Construction on Dynamic Water Absorbtion in Terry Fabrics

Authors: Karahan Mehmet

Dynamic water absorption properties of terry fabrics were investigated experimentally using 216 various terry fabric samples of different construction. It is shown that around 26% to 40% of water is absorbed during the first 10 seconds,...   more »

full text | Pages 74–80

A Comparison of the Key Parameters Affecting the Dynamic and Static Drape Coefficients of Natural-Fibre Woven Fabrics by a Newly Devised Dynamic Drape Automatic Measuring System

Authors: Shyr Tien-Wei, Wang P. N., Cheng K. B.

A new dynamic drape automatic measuring system integrating Cusick’s drapemeter principle with the image analysis technique was devised to automatically measure the static and dynamic drape coefficients of fabrics. The relationship for four natural-fibre woven fabrics...   more »

full text | Pages 81–86

An Experimental Study on Thickness Loss of Wilton Type Carpets Produced with Different Pile Materials after Prolonged Heavy Static Loading. Part 2: Energy Absorption and Hysteresis Effect

Authors: Çelik Nihat, Koç Erdem

In the first part of the article, an evaluation was made of the characteristic parameters defined as the squeezing susceptibility or compression sensitivity S, permanent deformation DP, elasticity E and resilience R, all quantities expressed in...   more »

full text | Pages 87–92

Analysis of Modular Manufacturing System in Clothing Industry by Using Simulation

Authors: Kalaoğlu Fatma, Saricam Canan

In this study, an application of the modular system in the clothing industry by using the ProModel Simulation package is presented. The modular system was designed for a base product working on three different motion principles...   more »

full text | Pages 93–96

Form Durability of Clothing Laminates from the Standpoint of Maintenance Procedures

Authors: Pawlowa Maria, Szafrańska Halina

To improve the aesthics of the clothing (jackets), special insert materials are used during production. During usage, clothing comes into contact with various factors (physical, chemical, mechanical and biological ones) which cause deformation and wear. In...   more »

full text | Pages 97–101

The Unstable Behaviour of Reciprocally Rotating Shafts in Textile Machines

Authors: Zajączkowski Jerzy

The stability of the reciprocal rotary motion of a motor-driven elastic shaft is studied in this paper. It is found that unstable critical behaviour arises when the average value of the second power of angular velocity...   more »

full text | Pages 102–104

Development of a Manufacturing Method for Surgical Meshes Modified by Chitosan

Authors: Niekraszewicz Antoni, Kucharska Magdalena, Wawro Dariusz, Struszczyk Marcin H., Kopias Kazimierz, Rogaczewska Agnieszka

Two new methods for manufacturing surgical meshes modified by chitosan have been developed in the Institute of Biopolymers and Chemical Fibres (IBWCh) in collaboration with TRICOMED S.A. The first method consists in applying chitosan yarns and...   more »

full text | Pages 105–109


in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 19/27 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Str., 90-570 Łódź, Poland e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl; ftee@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT