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Issue 1 (60) / 2007

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Specialist Market Analysis Methods and the Strategic Decision-making Process in the Polish Clothing Companies

Authors: Grandys Ewa

A company should base its strategic decisions on an assessment of its market position. Such assessments require specialist research methods to be applied, consistent with the goals pursued. One such tool which may be very helpful...   more »

full text | Pages 7–10

The Use of Marketing Communications in the Clothing Industry in Slovenia

Authors: Završnik Bruno, Mumel Damijan

This article presents the role of marketing communication research in the clothing industry in Slovenia. The aim of our research was to show how these clothing and textile companies use a marketing communication mix for the...   more »

full text | Pages 11–15

Acceptable Quality Levels in the Textile Sector and their Effect on the Level of Competition

Authors: Atilgan Turan

Rapid developments in international competition have obliged textile enterprises to take new approaches in order to gain a competitive advantage. Nowadays, enterprises are placing more importance on creating a structure in which the expectations of consumers...   more »

full text | Pages 16–23

Research and development

Quality of Cotton Yarns Spun Using Ring-, Compact-, and Rotor-Spinning Machines as a Function of Selected Spinning Process Parameters

Authors: Jackowska-Strumułło Lidia, Cyniak Danuta, Czekalski Jerzy, Jackowski Tadeusz

This work presents an analysis of the quality parameters of cotton yarns with linear densities of 15, 18, 20, 25, 30, and 40 tex manufactured with the use of ring-, compact-, and BD 200S & R1...   more »

full text | Pages 24–30

Variational Approach to Nonlinear Coupled Oscillators Arising in Sirospun Yarn Spinning

Authors: He Ji-huan

A description of stable working conditions for spinning two-strand yarn is given. A theoretical model underlying Sirospun yarn spinning is also given. Based on the variational formulation established for the coupled oscillators arising in two-strand yarn...   more »

full text | Pages 31–34

Analysis of Dependencies of Woven Fabric’s Breaking Force and Elongation at Break on its Structure Parameters

Authors: Kumpikaitė Eglė

In this article, the woven fabric weave factor P1 and the integrated fabric structure factor ϕ, suggested by Milašius, are described. Their qualities are emphasised in comparison with other woven fabric factors. The research results of...   more »

full text | Pages 35–38

An Investigation about Tensile Strength, Pilling and Abrasion Properties of Woven Fabrics Made from Conventional and Compact Ring-Spun Yarns

Authors: Omeroglu Sunay, Ulku Sukriye

Most of the scientific studies on compact spinning, which is a modified version of ring spinning, have hitherto been focused on the properties of yarns and knitted fabrics. Yarns are subjected to intense mechanical stresses such...   more »

full text | Pages 39–42

Shape Optimization and Shape Identification for Transient Diffusion Problems in Textile Structures

Authors: Korycki Ryszard

The equation of substance balance and the set of boundary and initial conditions determine the transient diffusion problem within the homogenized textile structure. Introducing an arbitrary behavioral functional, its first-order sensitivity expressions can be stated using...   more »

full text | Pages 43–49

Behaviour of Textile Membranes while Being Pulling Through a Hole by the Constrained Method

Authors: Truncyte Dainora, Papreckiene Laima, Gutauskas Matas

The behaviour of woven and knitted fabrics while they are pulled through a circular hole is analysed. The relations between the resistance parameters to pulling (force and work) and the consistent pattern of the change of...   more »

full text | Pages 50–54

A Study of the Thermal Properties of Textured Knitted Fabrics

Authors: Özcelik Gonca, Cay Ahmet, Kirtay Erhan

The smooth and compact shape of filament yarns differentiate them from natural fibres, and this regular characteristic of synthetic fibres affects the handle and thermo-physiological properties of the fabrics. The properties of filament yarns are improved...   more »

full text | Pages 55–58

The Optimal Design of Three-layer Plated Fabrics

Authors: Baozhu He, Weiyuan Zhang

According to the new plating theory, a novel plating yarn carrier with three guide eyes for the weft knitting machine was designed in this paper. Using this kind of yarn carrier, the laying lengthwise angle of...   more »

full text | Pages 59–61

Process of Lockstitch Tightening and Optimisation of Thread Working Conditions. Part II. The Trial of Optimising the Interlacement Location in the Stitch Link

Authors: Więźlak Włodzimierz, Elmrych-Bocheńska Joanna

The high level of destruction of the sewing thread after the sewing process is the main utility disadvantage of using a thread in a lockstitch sewing machine. Using the stitch tightening model presented in the first...   more »

full text | Pages 62–65

Optimisation of Needle Penetration Velocity Using the Link Drive Mechanism in a Sewing Machine

Authors: Gotlih Karl, Lojen Daria Žunič, Vohar Bojan

Needle movement in a standard lockstitch sewing machine is produced by a slider-crank mechanism. The needle moves in a vertical plane and penetrates the fabric on its way down. Friction between the needle and the fabric...   more »

full text | Pages 66–71

Investigation of Material Combinations for Fire-fighter’s Protective Clothing on Radiant Protective and Heat-Moisture Transfer Performance

Authors: Zhu Fang Long, Zhu Fang Long, Weiyuan Zhang, Chen Min-Zhi

This paper describes an investigation into protective clothing for fire-fighters, made of different material combinations, based on the demand for radiant protective performance (RPP) and heat-moisture transfer properties, which are closely associated with comfort performance. The...   more »

full text | Pages 72–75

Investigation of Nonwoven Carding Process with the Application of Static Electricity to Various Fibres and Process Parameters

Authors: Wen-hao Hsing, Kuo-ting Kao, Jia-horng Lin, Yi-ting Shu

This paper is one of a series of studies on the carded-web forming process with the application of static electricity to carded nonwoven fabric process. Electrostatic carding technology was used to apply static electricity to the...   more »

full text | Pages 76–81

Effects of the Molecular Structure of Polyvinyl Alcohol on the Adhesion to Fibre Substrates

Authors: Zhifeng Zhu, Qian Kun

The influence of the molecular structure of polyvinyl alcohol, including the degree of polymerisation and the degree of alcoholysis, on the adhesion of PVA to pure polyester, pure cotton, and polyester/cotton-blend fibres were investigated by using...   more »

full text | Pages 82–85

Comparison of Woven Fabrics’ Properties from Traditional and Compact Ring-Spun Yarns after Dyeing Processes

Authors: Taskin Cankut, Ozguney Arif Taner, Gurkan Pelin, Ozcelik G., Ozerdem Arzu

In this study, plain fabrics were produced via using both 100 % cotton, compact and conventional ring spun yarns in two different yarn counts and two different yarn twists. The purpose of the study was to...   more »

full text | Pages 86–90

Effects of Warp-Weft Density Variation and Fabric Porosity of the Cotton Fabrics on their Colour in Reactive Dyeing

Authors: Cay Ahmet, Atav Riza, Duran Kerim

One of the main problems in dyehouses is caused by the differences between the structural parameters of the reference fabric of which the dyeing recipe is known and the fabric to be dyed. In such a...   more »

full text | Pages 91–94

Extended Oxygen Delignification of Birch Kraft Pulp

Authors: Danielewicz Dariusz, Surma-Ślusarska Barbara

We studied the effect of the conditions of the oxygen delignification of birch kraft pulp with kappa number 18 on pulp properties. The investigation refers in particular to the effect of the amount of NaOH added,...   more »

full text | Pages 95–100

New Products

Research into Developing Antibacterial
Dressing Materials

Authors: Niekraszewicz Antoni, Lebioda Jolanta, Kucharska Magdalena, Wesołowska Ewa

For many years, an increasing demand has been observed for biological dressings which
could protect wounds at particular stages of healing. Composite materials with a content
of antibacterial fibres and/or different functional forms of chitosan were...   more »

full text | Pages 101–105

Biocomposites with a Content of Keratin
from Chicken Feathers

Authors: Wrześniewska-Tosik Krystyna, Adamiec Janusz

The market’s demand for fibrous materials with increased moisture retention is principally
connected with the essential development of sanitary and cosmetic products. Keratin,
which is included in feathers, appears to be an original raw material which...   more »

full text | Pages 106–112


in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 19/27 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Str., 90-570 Łódź, Poland e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl; ftee@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT