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Physical and Absorptive Changes in Plasma Treated Viscose Fibres

Research and development

Authors:

  • Vrabič Urška
    Department of Textiles, Faculty of Natural Science and Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Jesih Adolf
    Josef Stefan Institute
  • Svetec Diana Gregor
    Department of Textiles, Faculty of Natural Science and Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia

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Abstract:

Chemical modification of the fibres was successful in improving their different properties, but there are environmental concerns related to the disposal of chemicals after treatment. Taking into account the advantages related to the technology of plasma treatment and the differentiated changes of the fibre matter processed, is plasma treatment, increasingly replacing chemical applications in finishing and pre-treatment of textiles products. For industrial uses, regenerated cellulose fibres are used to replace traditional materials, for example, nonwovens, like hygiene and medical products. The most important characteristics for hygiene and medical products are absorption ability and capability of water retention. The main aspect of our research was to analyse the physical and absorptive characteristics of viscose fibres, treated with plasma. The study revealed that plasma surface treatment modifies the absorptive structure, tensile and other physical properties of viscose fibres.

Tags: viscose fibres, low pressure plasma treatment, physical properties, absorptive properties, hygiene products.

Published in issue no 5-6 (64-65) / 2007, pages 124–126.

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