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Issue 3 (74) / 2009

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Efficiency of the Textile and Clothing Industry in Poland and Spain

Authors: Kapelko Magdalena, Rialp-Criado Josep

The purpose of this paper is to compare the levels of efficiency of Polish and Spanish textile and clothing firms. The analyses were based on firm-level accounting data for the time period 1998-2001. Interestingly, for the...   more »

full text | Pages 7–10

Restructuring the Textile and Clothing Industry Using Modern Business Models – A Slovenian Case Study

Authors: Kovač Jure, Semolič Brane, Završnik Bruno

Restructuring an individual industrial branch is always a long-term process. This article presents a timeline of the restructuring of the Slovenian textile and clothing industry. The data show that the process has not yet been concluded,...   more »

full text | Pages 11–17

Research and development

Manufacture of Cellulose Fibres from Alkaline Solutions of Hydrothermally Treated Cellulose Pulp

Authors: Wawro Dariusz, Stęplewski Włodzimierz, Bodek Andrzej

The use of hydrothermally treated cellulose pulp for the manufacture of cellulose fibres is described. Hydrothermal treatment allows for the preparation of cellulose pulp characterised by a polymerisation degree, DP, within the range of 290 -...   more »

full text | Pages 18–22

Antimicrobial Activity of Filtrating Meltblown Nonwoven with the Addition of Silver Ions

Authors: Gutarowska Beata, Michalski Andrzej

The paper presents the results of studies aimed at the assessment of the antimicrobial activity of filtrating meltblown nonwoven used in the production of protective half-masks. Polypropylene nonwoven materials containing a biologically active compound in their...   more »

full text | Pages 23–28

Methods of Forming Nanofibres from Bicomponent PVA/Cationic Starch Solution

Authors: Adomavičiūtė Erika, Milašius Rimvydas, Žemaitaitis Algirdas, Bendoraitienė Joana

In this study nanofibres were manufactured from bicomponent PVA/cationic starch (CS) polymers solutions using the electrospinning method. The effect of the starch derivative solution preparation procedure and weight ratio of bicomponent polymer solution on the morphology...   more »

full text | Pages 29–33

Evaluation of the Electrospinning Manufacturing Process based on the Preparation of PVA Composite Fibres

Authors: Huang Chao Chiung, Lin C. K., Lu C. T., Lou Ching-Wen, Chao C. Y.

Poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) is a highly biocompatible, biodegradable and non-toxic synthetic material. Chitosan and gelatin, as well as PVA, have been widely used materials in recent years owing to their excellent biocompatibility, biodegradability, bacteriostasis and...   more »

full text | Pages 34–37

Electrostatic Field in Electrospinning with a Multicapillary Head – Modelling and Experiment

Authors: Krucińska Izabella, Komisarczyk Agnieszka, Chrzanowski Michał, Gliścińska Eulalia, Wrzosek Henryk

Electrospinning is a process by which electrostatic field super thin fibres from polymer solution or polymer melt are produced. This study is a theoretical analysis of the distribution of the electrostatic field forming around spinning points...   more »

full text | Pages 38–44

Novel Method for Nanofibre Yarn Production Using Two Differently Charged Nozzles

Authors: Dabirian F., Hosseini S. A.

In this study a new method of yarn production from electrospun nanofibres is discussed. This method is an innovation in electrospinning, using two differently charged nozzles and a collector travelling through the air to form yarn...   more »

full text | Pages 45–47

Dependences of Air Textured Polypropylene Yarn Properties on the Yarn Structure and Air Pressure in a Texturing Jet

Authors: Abromavičius Raimundas, Milašius Rimvydas

In this article an investigation of air textured yarn properties dependent on the yarn structure and air pressure in the texturing jet is described. Analysis of experimental data shows that there are significant dependencies of textured...   more »

full text | Pages 48–50

Investigation on the Ratio of Bending Rigidity of Fabric to Yarn for Low Twist Filament Yarn

Authors: Ghane Mohammad, Sheikhzadeh Mohammad, Khaburi S., Ghaeli I.

The ratio of bending rigidity of fabric to yarn in the case of low twist filament weft yarn was studied. Samples of fabrics with different weft densities were prepared; their other parameters were identical. After steam...   more »

full text | Pages 51–53

New Approach to Directly Acquiringe the Drape Contours of Various Fabrics

Authors: Tsai Kun-Hsieh, Tsai Ming-Chin, Wang Pin-Ning, Shyr Tien-Wei

A drape instrument for fabric was designed that employed a backlight to directly acquire drape images of a fabric. The image segmentation method including a gradient operator and Kittler & Illingworth’s threshold method were used to...   more »

full text | Pages 54–59

Static Water Absorption in Fabrics of Different Pile Height

Authors: Petrulyte Salvinija, Baltakyte Renata

The static water absorption, fabric thickness and surface density of woven structures were investigated. Samples were woven for this experiment using low, medium and high pile of 6, 9, and 12 mm, respectively. The fabrics were...   more »

full text | Pages 60–65

Three-Dimensional Simulation of Warp-knitted Fabric

Authors: Honglian Cong, Ming-qiao Ge, GaoMing Jiang

With detailed research on the structure of warp-knitted fabric, the spatial yarn position of a 3D loop structure was discussed, and the dimension of each parameter was ascertained. After establishing the basic control points of the...   more »

full text | Pages 66–69

Tensile Property and Fatigue Behaviour of Warp Knitted Fabrics

Authors: Taheri Otaghsara Mir Reza, Jeddi Ali A. A., Mohandesi Jamshid Aghazedeh

Several two fully threaded guide bar warp knitted structures with three different course densities (cpc) were knitted from polyester textured yarns, and their tensile properties and fatigue behavior were investigated. Tensile tests were applied to determine...   more »

full text | Pages 70–75

Original Concept of a New Multicomb Warp-knitting Machine for Manufacturing Spatial Knitted Fabrics

Authors: Pieklak Katarzyna, Mikołajczyk Zbigniew

This article presents an original concept of warp-knitting machine construction with more than two needle combs. The technical and technological parameters of the warp-knitting machine with even and odd numbers of needle combs were characterised. The...   more »

full text | Pages 76–80

Electroconductive Textile Homogeneity Tests Using Microwave Transmission

Authors: Brazis Romuald, Kazakevičius Vladimiras, Koprowska Joanna

The stitch-bond nonwoven textile WOM-E, composed of 90 percent electro-conductive (polyacrylonitrile, chemically modified with copper and sulfur) fibres, was tested using the X-band microwave transmission and direct-current techniques. The resistance obtained from the microwave transmission was...   more »

full text | Pages 81–83

Evaluation of the Thermal Parameters of Textile Materials Using the Thermographic Method

Authors: Michalak Marina, Felczak Mariusz, Więcek Bogusław

A continuation of the investigation into a method designed for evaluating thermal properties, especially the thermal conductivity of flat textile products such as nonwovens, is presented in this paper. The method is based on infrared thermography...   more »

full text | Pages 84–89

Flame Retardancy of Paper Obtained with Environmentally Friendly Agents

Authors: Katović Drago, Bischof Vukušić Sandra, Flinčec Grgac Sandra, Lozo Branka, Banić Dubravko

Flame retardancy was imparted through the addition of an organophosphorus agent which enhances paper utilisation and increases the value of paper products. For that purpose paper was impregnated with a solution containing a flame retardant agent,...   more »

full text | Pages 90–94

Principles of the Through-Air Dewatering Theory for Selected Fibrous Materials (Press Section Felts)

Authors: Kawka Włodzimierz

The conditioning process of press felts is a very important operation to intensify the dewatering process of the paper web in the press section of a paper machine. A new method of conditioning press felts by...   more »

full text | Pages 95–97

Analysis of Fibrous Web Dewatering in Roll Presses

Authors: Rogut Rolisław

In this study, results of total and hydraulic pressure measurements in a pressed paper web are presented. A large part of these measurements relates to the effects of technological and design parameters on total and hydraulic...   more »

full text | Pages 98–101


in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 19/27 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Str., 90-570 Łódź, Poland e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl; ftee@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT