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Static Water Absorption in Fabrics of Different Pile Height

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Abstract:

The static water absorption, fabric thickness and surface density of woven structures were investigated. Samples were woven for this experiment using low, medium and high pile of 6, 9, and 12 mm, respectively. The fabrics were affected by various impacts/finishing like macerating, washing with detergent, washing with detergent and softener, and tumbling. It was found that an increase in pile height in many cases causes an increase in water absorption for grey, macerated, washed with detergent, washed with detergent and softened fabrics. The biggest differences in water absorption between fabrics with low, medium, and high loops were determined for grey fabrics, i.e. from 142.9 to 300.8%. Increasing the tumbling time to 90 - 120 min increased the static water absorption in fabrics with medium and low loops. Treatment with detergent or with conditioner decreased the thickness of the fabric compared with grey and macerated ones. The surface density of the variously treated fabrics generally increased significantly with an increase in pile height.

Tags: static absorption, surface density, terry woven structures, fabric thickness

Citation: Petrulyte S., Baltakyte R.; Static Water Absorption in Fabrics of Different Pile Height. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2009, Vol. 17, No. 3 (74) pp. 60-65.

Published in issue no 3 (74) / 2009, pages 60–65.

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