Where you are: Home pageYear 2009Issue 2 (73)

Issue 2 (73) / 2009

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

What are the Success Factors for Spanish Textile Firms? An Exploratory Multiple-Case Study

Authors: Llach Josep, Bikfalvi Andrea, Marqus Pilar

The objective of this article is to identify differential traits of successful SMEs in comparison to average SME firms in the textile and clothing sector. The method used is the multiple case-study of 12 firms based...   more »

full text | Pages 7–11

Research and development

Zinc Alginate Fibres with a Tricalcium Phosphate (TCP) Nanoadditive

Authors: Mikołajczyk Teresa, Boguń Maciej, Kurzak Andrzej, Szparaga Grzegorz

Conditions were found for the manufacture of zinc alginate fibres with a tricalcium phosphate (TCP) nanoadditive. The effect of essential forming process parameters were determined, such as temperature, solidification and plasticisation bath concentration, as well as...   more »

full text | Pages 12–18

Effects of Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Treatments on Certain Properties of Cotton Fabrics

Authors: Karahan H. A., Özdoğan Esen, Demir A., Aydin H., Seventekin N.

In this study, air and argon atmospheric plasma were used for modifying some properties of bleached plain cotton fabrics. Certain physical properties such as pilling, thermal resistance, thermal conductivity, water vapour permeability, air permeability and surface...   more »

full text | Pages 19–22

Geometric Model of Three Dimensional Integrated Cellular Woven Structures

Authors: Tian Wei , Zhu Chengyan , Wang Shanyuan

Following the geometric pattern of the constituent yarn system in 3D integrated cellular woven structures, a general purpose geometric cell model was developed. The length and orientation angle of the constituent yarns in each system within...   more »

full text | Pages 23–27

Current Distribution Modelling in Electroconductive Fabrics

Authors: Banaszczyk Jędrzej , De Mey Gilbert, Schwarz Anne, Van Langenhove Lieva

In this paper the current distribution within woven electroconductive textile sheets is investigated. The iterative method of solving very large resistor networks, which is used to model current density in textile sheets, is discussed. Factors taken...   more »

full text | Pages 28–33

Transmission of UV Radiation through Woven Fabrics in Dependence on the Inter-Thread Spaces

Authors: Dulęba-Majek Małgorzata

A method of designing woven fabrics is presented from the point of view of protecting humans against UV radiation transmitted by fabric and the shape of inter-thread channels determined by the fabric structure. The method consists...   more »

full text | Pages 34–38

Liquid Sorption and Transport in Woven Structures

Authors: Petrulyte Salvinija, Baltakyte Renata

Investigations in liquid sorption and transport were performed with three different variants of terry woven structures. Terry fabrics were produced using linen warp pile yarns and cotton or linen ground warps and wefts. The process of...   more »

full text | Pages 39–45

Development Processes and Property Measurements of Moisture Absorption and Quick Dry Fabrics

Authors: Wang Faming , Wang Faming , Wang Faming , Zhou Xiaohong, Wang Shanyuan

In this study, a new type of honeycomb-patterned micro-porous polyester fibre was used to develop good moisture absorption and quick drying properties of woven fabrics. Details of the development and after-finish processes of the fabrics were...   more »

full text | Pages 46–49

Effect of abrasion on the air permeability & mass loss of breathable-coated fabrics

Authors: Padleckienė Ingrida , Petrulis Donatas

This paper presents a study on air permeability and relative mass loss in abraded breathable-coated fabrics. The abrasion treatment of different structured samples as well as the outer and reverse sides of specimens was done on...   more »

full text | Pages 50–54

Assessment of a fabric surface after the pilling process based on image analysis

Authors: Jasińska Izabela

This study presents the principles of a new method of assessing a pilled fabric surface, especially knitted fabric surfaces. The basis of the method developed consists in analysing a knitted fabric surface after the pilling process...   more »

full text | Pages 55–58

TiO2/Ag modified carpet fibres for the reduction of nicotine exposure

Authors: Cieślak Małgorzata, Schmidt Hubert, Świercz Radosław , Wąsowicz Wojciech

The study was carried out to analyse the susceptibility of textile polymers, polyamide and polypropylene, used in the manufacture of floor coverings, to the sorption of nicotine from environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) polluted air and nicotine...   more »

full text | Pages 59–65

Textile Multi-layer Systems for Protection Against Electromagnetic Radiation

Authors: Brzeziński Stefan, Rybicki Tomasz , Karbownik Iwona , Malinowska Grażyna, Rybicki Edward, Szugajew Lech , Lao Marek, Śledzińska Katarzyna

This paper presents the results of studies carried out at the Textile Research Institute in Łódź, aimed at developing multi-layer, flat or spatial textile-polymeric materials, designed for shielding electromagnetic radiation (EMR), showing a possible high absorption...   more »

full text | Pages 66–71

Water vapour resistance of knitted fabrics under different environmental conditions

Authors: Skenderi Zenun, Salopek Čubrić Ivana, Srdjak Miroslav

The comfort of textile materials has been the focus of many investigations since the concern for personal well-being and improving the quality of life started to become an important issue. The aim...   more »

full text | Pages 72–75

Modeling of the knitting process with respect to the optimisation of the construction parameters of warp-knitting machines

Authors: Mikołajczyk Zbigniew

In this article assumptions for the physical and mathematical general model of the knitting process, referring to both iso- and anisostructural warp-knitted fabrics, have been defined. In the course of the simulation and experimental research,...   more »

full text | Pages 76–81

Thermoplastic film from superfine wool powder

Authors: Wang Xin , Xu Weilin , Li Wenbin, Wang Xungai

In this paper a research work is described in which superfine wool powder was plasticised by glycerol and hot-pressed into a kind of thermoplastic film. SEM photos show that the powder is moulded into a smooth...   more »

full text | Pages 82–86

Enzymatic pre-treatment of cotton. Part 2. Peroxide generation in desizing liquor and bleaching

Authors: Aniş Pervin , Davulcu Asim , Eren Hüseyin Aksel

The objective of this study was to utilise desizing liquors of starch-sized fabrics using glucoseoxidase enzymes for bleach to produce hydrogen peroxide from glucose units of the starch removed; glucoseoxidase enzymes are efficient only...   more »

full text | Pages 87–90

Fluorescent naphthalimide dyes for polyester fibres

Authors: Stolarski Roland

Several fluorescent and mostly newly-prepared dyes, derivatives of 4-aminonaphthalimide, were synthesised. The structures of the dyes prepared were confirmed by 1H NMR analysis, and their properties were characterised by thin layer chromatography (TLC) and measurement...   more »

full text | Pages 91–95

Interaction of the driving motor and axially moving beam in textile machines

Authors: Zajączkowski Jerzy

In this paper a mathematical model for a motor driven reciprocally moving beam is formulated. The partial differential equation of the beam is replaced by an ordinary differential equation, primarily describing the mode of...   more »

full text | Pages 96–98


in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 19/27 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Str., 90-570 Łódź, Poland e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl; ftee@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT