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Issue 6 (77) / 2009

Title page       Contents
 

Research and development

Structure and Physical and Chemical Properties of Fibres from the Fifth Larval Instar of Caddis-Flies of the Species Hydropsyche angustipennis

Authors: Tszydel Mariusz, Sztajnowski Sławomir , Michalak Marina, Wrzosek Henryk, Kowalska Stanislawa, Krucińska Izabella, Lipp-Symonowicz Barbara

Caddis-flies (Trichoptera) belong to insects closely related to butterflies and, like the latter, have a gift for spinning silky floss. It is an especially attractive ability for modern science as it is looking for new natural...   more »

full text | Pages 7–12

Strength Properties of Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) Fibres Modified with Carbon Nanotubes with Respect to Their Porous and Supramolecular Structure

Authors: Mikołajczyk Teresa, Rabiej Stanislaw, Szparaga Grzegorz, Boguń Maciej, Fraczek-Szczypta Aneta, Błażewicz Stanisław

This work was dedicated to the investigation of the influence of the effect of carbon nanotubes on the porous and supramolecular structure of precursor polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fibres. A relationship was found between the structure of the...   more »

full text | Pages 13–20

Study of the Rheological, Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Polypropylene/Organoclay Composites and Fibres

Authors: Marcinčin Anton, Hricová Marcela, Marcinčin Konštantin, Hoferiková Alena

In this paper, the spinning of polypropylene (PP)/montmorillonite (MMT) composites, as well as the structure and selected mechanical properties of composite fibres are presented. In the experimental work the commercially available organically modified montmorillonites Cloisite 15A (C15A)...   more »

full text | Pages 22–28

Effect of Inorganic (Nano)fillers on the UV Barrier Properties, Photo and Thermal Degradation of Polypropylene Fibres

Authors: Marcinčin Anton, Hricová Marcela, Ujhelyiová Anna, Brejka Ondrej, Michlík Peter, Duliková Mária, Strecká Zuzana, Chmela Stefan

Barrier properties against ultraviolet radiation and the light stability of polypropylene (PP) fibres are very important for light-weight summer fabrics as well as for leisure and sport wear. What is more, the thermal stability of PP...   more »

full text | Pages 29–35

Blends of Cellulose and Silk Fibroin in 1-buthyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride Based Solutions

Authors: Kuzmina Olga G., Kuzmina Olga G., Sashina Elena S., Novoselov Nikolay P., Zaborski Marian

Cellulose/fibroin blends in 1-buthyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride-based solutions (BMIMCl) were studied using TGA, IR-spectroscopy, X-Ray and viscometry methods. The strongest intermolecular interaction occurred with 20% fibroin in the blend. As a result an amorphous and homogeneous film structure...   more »

full text | Pages 36–39

Electrospun PVA Nanofibres for Gas Filtration Applications

Authors: Daneleviciute-Vaisnienee Agne, Buika Gintaras

Nanofibres are easily produced from polymer solutions of polyvinyl alcohol using the electrospinning method. Nanofibres combined with nonwoven PP material (polypropylene) have potential uses in a wide range of filtration applications. The high surface area of...   more »

full text | Pages 40–43

Impact of the Level of Yarn Twist on Sized Yarn Properties

Authors: Kovačević Stana, Gordoš Dubravka

The impact of the level of yarn twist on the size pick-up, abrasion resistance and breaking force of yarn was analyzed. A cotton yarn differing only in twist level was used for testing. The sizing process...   more »

full text | Pages 44–49

Analysis of Selected Physical Properties of Membrane Fabrics Infl uencing the Utility Comfort of Clothing

Authors: Frydrych Iwona, Sybilska Wioletta, Wajszczyk Małgorzata

By carrying out measurements of the thermoinsulation properties of clothing materials, we can obtain a lot of valuable information regarding the wide characteristics of these materials. Knowing thermoinsulation property values of clothing material, we can start...   more »

full text | Pages 50–55

New Modelling and Process Optimisation Approach for the False-Twist Texturing of Polyester

Authors: Silva Edmir A., Paiva A. P., Balestrassi P. P., Silva C. E. S.

After the wave of ISO 9000 certification, a large number of enterprises started to accumulate a great amount of data regarding their processes. False-twist texturing plants used these data to set up a process and improve...   more »

full text | Pages 57–62

New Method of Weaving Multiaxis Three Dimensional Flat Woven Fabric: Feasibility of Prototype Tube Carrier Weaving

Authors: Bilisik A. Kadir

A prototype of multiaxis three dimensional (3D) flat weaving was constructed, and the feasibility of this type of weaving was studied. Several multiaxis 3D woven and 3D orthogonal woven unit cells were developed and fabricated for...   more »

full text | Pages 63–69

Analysis of the Physical Fundamentals of an Objective Integral Measuring System for the Determination of the Handle of Knitted Fabrics

Authors: Hasani Hossein, Planck Heinrich

In this paper, an objective measuring method was devised to determine the handle of knitted fabrics. A test was performed using a special pulling device consisting of two horizontal plates: a base plate with a hole...   more »

full text | Pages 70–75

Effect of Yarn Properties on the Pilling of Cashmere Knitted Fabric

Authors: Li Long, Jia Guigin, Zhou Wei

The factors influencing fabric pilling include the fibre properties, yarn properties, fabric structure and wear condition. As an expensive textile material, cashmere fibre exhibits a small diameter, short length and smooth surface. The pilling of cashmere...   more »

full text | Pages 76–79

Study of the Effect of Material Assembly on the Moisture and Thermal Protective Performance of Firefighter Clothing

Authors: Cui Zhiying, Zhang Wei-yuan

Heat protection and moisture comfort are important for firefighter protective clothing. In this study, the thermal protective performance (TPP) and water vapour transmission rate (WVTR) were measured for 16 assemblies. It was established that outer heat...   more »

full text | Pages 80–83

Initial Research into the Structure and Working Conditions of Textile Thermocouples

Authors: Ziegler Stefan, Frydrysiak Michał

The article presents initial research into the structure and working conditions of textile thermocouples used as temperature sensors. Textile thermocouples differ from traditional ones, not only in the kind of materials used for manufacturing both thermoelectrods,...   more »

full text | Pages 84–88

Circumferential Compliance of Small Diameter Polyurethane Vascular Grafts Reinforced with Elastic Tubular Fabric

Authors: Yang Hongjun, Xu Weilin , Ouyang Chenxi, Zhou Fei, Cui Weigang

Small diameter vascular grafts were fabricated from pure Polyurethane (PU), as well as PU reinforced with a weft-knitted tubular fabric. Textured polyester and Spandex blend yarns were used for knitting on a purpose-built weft-knitting machine. The...   more »

full text | Pages 89–92

Resorbable Tightening of Blood Vessel Protheses Prepared from Synthetic Polymers

Authors: Niekraszewicz Antoni, Kucharska Magdalena, Kardas Iwona, Szadkowski Marek

A method was prepared for the sealing of artificial blood vessels by combined soaking and spraying. Biocompatible and resorbable copolymers of poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) with varying contents of two co-monomers were used in the investigations. The materials were provided by Boehringer...   more »

full text | Pages 93–98

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