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Issue 4 (75) / 2009

Title page       Contents
 

Editor letter
General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Tendencies on World and European Cotton Yarn Markets (Results of Market Structure Analysis)

Authors: Wysokińska Zofia

This paper encompasses an analysis of the cotton yarn (c.y.) market in the European Union (EU) as well as the main tendencies present in that market against a backdrop of world market tendencies over the period...   more »

full text | Pages 7–13

Representation of Regional and Branch (Textile Industry) Interests in the Structures of European Institutions

Authors: Greta Maria, Lewandowski Krzysztof

Since the early 1990s, crucial changes have been observed in relations between European and regional institutions. On one hand, the European Union has become a structure that enables actors at different levels to play significant roles...   more »

full text | Pages 14–20

Ecolabelling as a Confirmation of the Application of Sustainable Materials in Textiles

Authors: Targosz-Wrona Elżbieta

The sustainable development idea has been -and still is-the principle activity of those who are aware of the importance of environmental protection. Realisation of this idea takes place, for example, by use of sustainable materials. They...   more »

full text | Pages 21–25

Selected Aspects of the Forensic Examination of Textile Traces

Authors: Wąs-Gubala Jolanta

For years the practice of examining fragments of single fibres separated from textile products and transferred onto other (foreign) surfaces has been applied in order to establish a link between a person or persons and an...   more »

full text | Pages 26–29

Research and development

Influence of Fibre Formation Conditions on the Properties of Nanocomposite PAN Fibres Containing Nanosilver

Authors: Mikołajczyk Teresa, Szparaga Grzegorz

The research involved studying the influence of coagulation bath temperature and the asspun draw ratio on the porous structure and strength properties of PAN fibres containing a silver nanoadditive. The fibres produced are characterised by a...   more »

full text | Pages 30–36

Preparation of Keratin-Modified Chitosan Fibres

Authors: Wawro Dariusz, Stęplewski Włodzimierz, Wrześniewska-Tosik Krystyna

In this study, a method of preparing fibres of chitosan modified with keratin derived from chicken feathers is presented. Fibre-grade chitosan and an aqueous solution of purified keratin were used in the investigations. The aqueous solution...   more »

full text | Pages 37–42

Scale Effect on Jute/Cotton Fibres and their Blended Yarns

Authors: Xia Zhaopeng, Yu Jian-yong, Cheng Long-Di , Liu Lifang , Wang Weiming

The tenacities of jute and cotton fibres as well as their blended yarns at different gauge lengths were investigated in this paper. Based on Weibull distribution, the tenacity of the fibres and their blended yarns at...   more »

full text | Pages 43–45

Study on Improving the Thermal-Wet Comfort of Clothing during Exercise with an Assembly of Fabrics

Authors: Wu H. Y. , Zhang Wei-yuan, Li Jun

The thermal and moisture sensations are widely recognised as the most important factors contributing to the discomfort of subjects during exercise. The aim of this work is to find a new method of assembling different kinds...   more »

full text | Pages 46–51

Functional Upholstery Materials for Protection Against Electrostatic Risk

Authors: Cieślak Małgorzata, Wróbel Stanisława , Kamińska Irena, Lao Marek

Textile products designed for areas protected against electrostatic discharge (ESD) should be characterised by a very low propensity to generate electrostatic charge. Functional pile knitted and woven textile upholstery materials for different purposes have been designed...   more »

full text | Pages 52–58

Positioning Mechanism in a Knotting System: A Case Study

Authors: Topalbekitoglu Mehmet, Dülger L. Canan, Kireçci Ali

A positioning mechanism driven by a stepper motor in a knotting system forming a Turkish knot is presented herein. A prototype carpet loom was designed to include the positioning mechanism in the experimental system. A mathematical...   more »

full text | Pages 59–63

Motion Rule of Electronically Pattern System on a High Speed Warp Knitting Machine

Authors: Xia Feng-lin , Ge Ming-Qiao

The linear servo control system is widely used on high speed warp knitting machines. In order to improve the characters of the electronic shogging system and decrease the impact, the principle of shogging movement is analysed...   more »

full text | Pages 64–67

Simulation of Production Line Balancing in Apparel Manufacturing

Authors: Kursun-Bahadir Senem , Kalaoğlu Fatma

To focus on the labour-intensive structure of apparel manufacturing, a sweatshirt sewing line was chosen. To minimise the labour-intensity, the line was balanced using the simulation technique. Firstly, detailed work and time studies were performed along...   more »

full text | Pages 68–71

High Speed Needle Punching Machine with Cylindrical Journal Bearings

Authors: Strzelecki Stanisław, Kapusta Henryk, Czaplicki Zdzislaw, Ruszkowski Kazimierz

The development process of non-woven technology and needle-punching machines assumes an increase in machine output. which can be achieved by an increase in machine speed. These machines are heavy, dynamically loaded and their operation depends on...   more »

full text | Pages 72–76

Electrospinning and Electrospraying Techniques for Nanocomposite Non-Woven Fabric Production

Authors: Jaworek Anatol, Jaworek Anatol, Krupa Andrzej, Lackowski M., Sobczyk Arkadiusz Tomasz, Czech T. , Ramakrishna Seeram, Sundarrajan Subramanian, Pliszka Damian, Pliszka Damian

Electrospinning and electrospraying processes were tested as tools for the production of non-woven nanocomposite fabric from a polymer material with nanoparticles deposited on a fibre surface. The suitability of two main electrospraying/electrospinning systems was investigated: the...   more »

full text | Pages 77–81

Optimum Water Jets Inclination Angle for Better Tensile Strength in Hydroentanglement Process

Authors: Mbwana Suleiman Ndaro , Jin Xiang-yu, Chen Ting, Yu Chongwen

An experimental set up was developed to evaluate the role of the water jet inclination angle during the hydroentanglement process. Hydroentangled bicomponent nonwoven fabrics were made using the inclined water jet apparatus designed. The effects of...   more »

full text | Pages 82–86

Influence of Structural Characteristics on Liquid Aerosol Filtration in Multilayer Nonwoven Fabrics of the Spunlace Type

Authors: Jankowski Tomasz

Multilayer nonwoven fabrics are an important part of fibrous filters used in ventilation systems. The run of the filtration process depends on the structure of the fabric system, the aerosol particle deposition mechanisms and the aerosol...   more »

full text | Pages 87–92

Comparison of the Effect of PET Fibres’ Surface Modification Using Enzymes and Chemical Substances with Respect to Changes in Mechanical Properties

Authors: Kardas Iwona, Lipp-Symonowicz Barbara, Sztajnowski Sławomir

This paper presents a comparison of the chemical modification effectiveness, as the traditional and the most used possibility of PET fibres surface modification and the biochemical modification, as the new method, being the alternative to the...   more »

full text | Pages 93–97

Effect of the Corona Discharge Treatment of Polyester Fabrics on their Adhesive Properties

Authors: Brzeziński Stefan, Połowiński Stefan, Kowalczyk Dorota , Karbownik Iwona , Malinowska Grażyna

This paper presents the results of studies carried out at the Textile Research Institute, Łódź, Poland with the use of original experimental equipment for the generation and application of corona discharge. The construction of this generator...   more »

full text | Pages 98–102

Fibre & Textile Art

My Unique Way of Warping

How might the language of art fabric benefi t from the use of a warp whose strands were not traditionally parallel? The order of weft covers is congruent with the direction of the course of the...   more »

full text | Pages 103–107

CONTACT:

FIBRES & TEXTILES
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EDITORIAL OFFICE
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EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT
Editor-in-Chief Emilia Jaszczurska-Niedźwiedzka, V-ce Editor-in-Chief Marta Cyrczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna Wahl, Typesetting and Printed at Media-Press • Production IBWCh

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