Where you are: Home pageYear 2009Issue 5 (76)

Issue 5 (76) / 2009

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Analysis of Global Impacts on the Turkish Cotton Spinning Industry

Authors: Erdumlu Nazan

In this study, the trends and impacts of global issues on the Turkish cotton spinning industry were identified based on data regarding installed capacities, total production, as well as manufacturing costs and foreign trade over a...   more »

full text | Pages 9–13

European Globalisation Fund – a New EU Support Instrument Regarding the Adjustment of Employees to Globalisation Processesf44

Authors: Menes Michał

Article present a new intervention instrument of European Commission (EC) - European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF). Dynamically developing process of internalization is one of the determinants in present economy. The EU member states are able to...   more »

full text | Pages 14–16

Research and development

Rheological Properties of Sodium Alginate Spinning Solutions with Ceramic Nanoadditives

Authors: Boguń Maciej

The effect of ceramic nanoadditives, such as nanosilica, montmorillonite, hydroxyapatite, calcium triphosphate and bioglass, on the rheological properties of aqueous sodium alginate solutions was studied. The influence of the nanoadditives on changes in rheological parameters n...   more »

full text | Pages 17–22

Nanofibres and Nanotubes in Radical Polymerisation

Authors: Wiśniewska Ewa, Pabin-Szafko Barbara, Huczko Andrzej

The course of styrene (S) polymerisation with the inclusion of SiC nanofibres (SiCNF) was compared with the course of reaction with singlewall carbon nanotubes (SWNT), whose radical activity has formerly been studied with respect to the...   more »

full text | Pages 23–25

Interrelation between the Geometrical and Structural Indices of Fancy Yarns and their Overfeed and Twist

The aim of this research was to develop the interrealation between twist and the overfeed of the effect component and such structural and geometrical indices of fancy yarns as the linear density, the height of the...   more »

full text | Pages 26–30

The Influence of a Two-card Unit and Threecard Unit on the Irregularity of Wool Yarn

Authors: Jonaitienė Vaida

The goal of this research work was an exhaustive analysis of the influence of carding units (double and triple ones) on the quality of wool yarn. Certain factors that greatly influence the inequality of woolen yarn...   more »

full text | Pages 31–34

Effect of First Heater Temperature Variations on the Polyester Yarn Properties of False -Twist Texturing Techniques

Authors: Canoğlu Suat

In this study, poly (ethylene terephthalate) PET POY, with 140 dtex 36 f and 295 dtex 36 f, were used for the production textured yarns of 83 dtex 36 f and 167 dtex 36 f. The...   more »

full text | Pages 35–39

Multiple Response Optimisation of the Staple-Yarn Production Process for Hairiness, Strength and Cost

Authors: Erol Rizvan, Sağbaş Aysun

It is generally desirable to reduce yarn hairiness as much as possible since it causes serious problems in both yarn production and use of yarn in subsequent textile operations. On the other hand, the cost of...   more »

full text | Pages 40–42

Computer Aided Construction of Reinforced Weaves Using Matrix Calculus

Authors: Penava Željko, Sukser Tomislav, Basch Danko

This paper describes mathematical modelling of traditional graphic structures within textile materials using binary matrices, which is made possible by the binary nature of these structures. An algorithm is presented for woven design construction (weave draft,...   more »

full text | Pages 43–48

Effect of Raw Material on Changes in the Weft Setting of Fabric

Authors: Adomaitienė Aušra, Kumpikaitė Eglė

This article analyses the dependence of changes in the weft setting of fabric on the integrated fabric structure factor j, for woven fabrics of different raw materials. Similar research of the above changes after taking a...   more »

full text | Pages 49–51

Comparative Analyses of UV Radiation Transmission through Virtual and Real Woven Fabrics for Selected Weavesel

Authors: Dulęba-Majek Małgorzata

This article presents comparative research involving the assessment of the transmission of UV radiation through virtual and real woven fabrics. Woven fabrics of different geometrical structure were selected for both of the cases of assessment of...   more »

full text | Pages 52–55

Numerical Modelling of the Compressional Behaviour of Warp-knitted Spacer Fabrics

Authors: Vassiliadis S., Kallivretaki A., Psilla N., Provatidis Ch., Mecit D., Roye A.

Warp-knitted spacer fabrics are successfully introduced in building constructions as a thin sheet component reinforcement for wall panels, exterior siding, roofing tiles, flooring tiles, pressure pipes etc. Their structural advantages support an armature system of highly...   more »

full text | Pages 56–61

Effect of Corona Discharge Treatment on the Surface Strength and Performance Properties of Synthetic Fibre Textiles

Authors: Brzeziński Stefan, Połowiński Stefan, Kowalczyk Dorota , Malinowska Grażyna

Corona discharge, constituting one of the forms of atmospheric plasma, is a pro-ecological alternative to many conventional processes of the wet treatment of textiles that can also assist in improving these processes. However, one has to...   more »

full text | Pages 62–68

Influence of Washing on the Electric Charge Decay of Fabrics with Conductive Yarns

Authors: Katunskis Jurgis

The aim of the research was to reveal features of the electrical charging and dissipation of charges in fabrics containing conductive yarns after washing. All fabrics investigated were woven at the Lithuanian Textile Institute as protective...   more »

full text | Pages 69–75

Performance Comparison of New (Dendrimer, Nanoproduct) and Conventional Water, Oil and Stain Repellentss

Authors: Namligoz E. S., Bahtiyari  M. I., Hosaf E., Coban S.

In this study, novel water, oil and stain repellent chemicals such as polymeric dendrimer containing fluorocarbon, nano sized fluorocarbon polymer, nano-silica acid and conventional agents such as paraffin emulsion containing zirconium salt and conventional FC (micro...   more »

full text | Pages 76–81

Experimental Study and Numerical Analysis for Prediction of the Fibre Diameter of Polylactic Acid (PLA) Spunbonded Nonwovens

Authors: Bo Zhao

An air-drawing model of the polylactic acid (PLA) spunbonding process is presented and solved by introducing numerical computation results of the air jet flow field of an aerodynamic device. At the same time, the model is...   more »

full text | Pages 82–86

Experimental Study of the Thermoregulating Properties of Nonwovens Treated with Microencapsulated PCM

Authors: Bendkowska Wiesława, Wrzosek Henryk

This paper reports a study on the thermoregulation properties of PCM nonwovens. Microencapsulated n-alkanes (n-octadecane and n-eicosane) dispersed in a polymer binder (acrylic-butadiene copolymer) were applied to needled and hydroentangled nonwovens by the pad-mangle or screen...   more »

full text | Pages 87–91

Technology for the Production of Bioactive Melt-Blown Filtration Materials Applied to Respiratory Protective Devicesd

Authors: Brochocka Agnieszka, Majchrzycka Katarzyna

This paper presents the modification of a technology for the production of melt-blown nonwoven filtration materials. A method of introducing a bioactive agent during melt-blown production was developed. Bioactive properties were obtained by means of biologically...   more »

full text | Pages 92–98

Chemical Oxidation as a Stage of Highly Efficient Technologies for Textile Wastewater Treatment

Authors: Kos Lech, Perkowski Jan

The aim of the study was to determine the biological degradability of pollutants in textile wastewater exposed to the action of various oxidants used either separately or in different combinations. The oxidising agents were ozone, hydrogen...   more »

full text | Pages 99–105

Computational Modelling of Pollutant Dispersion in a Cotton Spinning Mill

Authors: Brzozowska Lucyna, Myrczek Józef

The paper presents a computational model of pollutant dispersion and its application to modelling dust dispersion in a cotton spinning mill. The purpose of this paper is to formulate a CFD model which enables us to...   more »

full text | Pages 106–113

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