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Liquid Sorption and Transport in Woven Structures

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Investigations in liquid sorption and transport were performed with three different variants of terry woven structures. Terry fabrics were produced using linen warp pile yarns and cotton or linen ground warps and wefts. The process of liquid sorption from the first moment when the water drop beads up the fabric’s surface until there is a complete loss of the drop’s specular reflectance and an absolute absorption of the liquid i.e., when the wetted spot remains stationary. A method for measuring dynamic water absorption in and through terry fabric is suggested. The action of terry fabric in contact with a liquid drop and liquid transport through it depends on the structural characteristics of the terry material, the kind of impact or finishing operation and its intensity. The character of liquid penetration through terry fabric is different when analysing grey woven material, and which is affected by intensive impact/finishing. All the kinds of regressions investigated generally showed a very good match with experimental data. The results of the research determined the dynamics and character of the sorption process in woven terry fabrics and could be used for creating new textiles with desired properties.

Tags: impact/finishing, liquid transport, sorption, structure, terry fabric.

Citation: Petrulyte S., Baltakyte R.; Liquid Sorption and Transport in Woven Structures. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2009, Vol. 17, No. 2 (73), pp. 39-45.

Published in issue no 2 (73) / 2009, pages 39–45.

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