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Issue 5 (70) / 2008

Title page       Contents
 

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Consumer Approach to the Quality and Safety of Textile Products. Part 2. Consumer Perception of Parameters Related to the Safety of Clothing Use

Authors: Salerno-Kochan Renata

The article presents the problem of the safety of textile use, for example clothing products. Special attention is paid to establishing characteristics, which, in the consumers’ opinion, are important when estimating a product’s influence on a...   more »

full text | Pages 9–12

Outsourcing – An Innovation Tool in Clothing Companies

Authors: Grandys Ewa, Grandys Andrzej

The clothing industry has modern management and gains a competitive advantage in the market place owing to organisational innovations implemented in its firms.The research conducted confirmed that the vehicle of process change is out sourcing, and...   more »

full text | Pages 13–16

Research and development

Mathematical Modelling of the Pneumatic Melt Spinning of Isotactic Polypropylene Part II. Dynamic Model of Melt Blowing

Authors: Jarecki Leszek, Ziabicki Andrzej

A single-, thin-filament model for stationary meltblowing of nonwovens from isotactic polypropylene is proposed. The Phan-Thien and Tanner constitutive equation of viscoelasticity is used, as well as the effects of stress-induced crystallisation on polymer viscosity and...   more »

full text | Pages 17–24

Multi – Criterion Assessment of Pneumatically Spliced Cotton Combed Ring – Spun Yarns

Authors: Drobina Robert, Włochowicz Andrzej, Machnio Mieczysław S.

The results of examinations of the strength and geometric dimensions of pneumatically spliced cotton combed ring spun yarns are presented. Unknotted spliced joints were linked using a Jointair 4941 splicing device produced by Mesdan installed on...   more »

full text | Pages 25–32

Prediction of Properties of Unknotted Spliced Ends of Yarns Using Multiple Regression and Artificial Neural Networks. Part I: Identification of Spliced Joints of Combed Wool Yarn by Artificial Neural Networks and Multiple Regression

Authors: Lewandowski Stanisław, Drobina Robert

Applying the software environment Statistica for neural networks allowed the use of artificial neural networks and regression analysis to predict the physical properties of unknotted joints of yarn ends. The database entered into the network was...   more »

full text | Pages 33–39

Effect of Balloon Angle on the Hairiness and other Yarn Properties of Polyester Ring Spun Yarn

Authors: Usta İsmail

In this research the effects of the yarn balloon angle on yarn hairiness and other yarn properties was investigated. The yarn balloon was changed by use of five different weights of C type travellers. The yarn...   more »

full text | Pages 40–47

Comparative Analysis of the Influence of the Kind and Amount of Two Ferromagnetic Nanoadditives on the Structural Properties of Precursor Polyacrylonitrile Fibres

Authors: Boguń Maciej, Mikołajczyk Teresa, Szparaga Grzegorz, Kurzak Andrzej, Wójcik Mariusz

A comparative analysis of the influence of two different ferromagnetic nanoadditives on the rheological properties of polyacrylonitrile spinning solutions in DMF, as well as on the porous structure and tensile strength properties of nanocomposite fibres obtained...   more »

full text | Pages 48–53

Textile Structures Modeled on a Spider’s Net

Authors: Frontczak-Wasiak Izabela, Snycerski Marek, Ciesielska-Wróbel Izabela Luiza

Innovative textile fabrics modelled on the structure of a spider web can find application in the reinforcing of composites in conditions of where a centrifugal force occurs, for example rotational discs. At the Institute of Architecture...   more »

full text | Pages 54–58

Investigation of Fabric Behaviour in Bias Extension at Low Loads

Authors: Naujokaityte Laura, Strazdiené Eugenija, Domsiené Jurgita

Shear deformations are the most significant mode of deformation during draping or forming processes. The bias extension test can be used to trace the parameters describing fabric shear. In this research the image analysis method in...   more »

full text | Pages 59–63

Using Plasma Metallisation for Manufacture of Textile Screens Against Electromagnetic Fields

Authors: Ziaja Jan , Koprowska Joanna, Janukiewicz Jarosław M.

In this study, a method of the metallisation of polypropylene (PP) nonwovens is presented. The influence of power dissipated in the target on the efficiency of screening a flat electromagnetic wave is discussed. Fabric metallisation was...   more »

full text | Pages 64–66

Methods of Chemical and Physicochemical Analysis in the Identification of Archaeological and Historical Textiles

Authors: Cybulska Maria, Jedraszek-Bomba Aneta, Kuberski Sławomir, Wrzosek Henryk

The main problem hindering proper analysis and documentation of archaeological and historical textiles is the lack of co-operation between scientists dealing with different aspects of these objects – archaeological, artistic, historical and technological. The last one...   more »

full text | Pages 67–73

New Concept of Weaving Loom Construction

Authors: Kopias Kazimierz

In order to develop the concept of a new weaving loom, the well known method of shed formation along the warp was used, in which the shed is formed with the use of sinkers positioned on...   more »

full text | Pages 74–76

Model of the Connector for 3D Distance Knitted Fabric Fastened by Articulated Joints

Authors: Supeł Bogdan, Mikołajczyk Zbigniew

During the first stage of our considerations, a model of the compression process of a 3D distance knitted fabric was related to a single connector fastened to it by articulated joints, and considered as a slender...   more »

full text | Pages 77–82

Spatial Model of the Structure of Warp – Knitted 3D Distance Fabrics

Authors: Pieklak Katarzyna, Mikołajczyk Zbigniew

This article presents a geometrical model of three – and five–layer 3D distance knitted fabric which characterises the structural features of the fabric in a spatial Cartesian xyz system. New notions (technical terms) of ‘spatial a...   more »

full text | Pages 83–89

Effect of Yarn Parameters on the Knittability of Glass Ply Yarn

Authors: Liu Xiao-Ming, Liu Xiao-Ming, Chen Nan-Liang, Chen Nan-Liang, Feng Xun-Wei

Knitted glass fabrics as a kind of reinforcement have received great attention in the composites industry in recent years. Glass yarns, however, are very difficult to be processed in the knitting process due to their high...   more »

full text | Pages 90–93

Evaluation of the Length Distribution of Needle Thread within the Take-up Disc Zone of a Lockstitch Machine

Authors: Korycki Ryszard, Krasowska Renata

Evaluation of the length distribution of needle thread during stitch formation is necessary to determine the dynamic characteristics of a sewing machine, and the thread needed in this process. In this study, physical and mathematical models...   more »

full text | Pages 94–100

Antibacterial Properties of Silver-Finished Textiles

Authors: Matyjas-Zgondek Edyta, Bacciarelli A., Rybicki Edward, Szynkowska Małgorzata I., Kołodziejczyk M.

In this paper, the results of research on the bacteriostatic efficacy of selected silver particles: nano-Ag, sub-micro-Ag, AgCl in the finishing of textiles are presented.The shapeand size of the silver compounds used were estimated by analysis...   more »

full text | Pages 101–107

Studies on the Influence of Grafting PET Fibres with Acrylic Acid on Molecular Orientationa_

Authors: Karbownik Iwona , Bucheńska Jadwiga, Lipp-Symonowicz Barbara, Wrzosek Henryk

The molecular orientation of dye introduced into a fibre was characterised numerically by the coefficient of molecular orientation fD. Lowering its value was the result of decreasing molecular orientation in non-crystal areas of the grafted PET...   more »

full text | Pages 108–111

Modification of Textile Materials with Micro- and Nano-Structural Metal Oxides

Authors: Sójka-Ledakowicz Jadwiga, Lewartowska Joanna, Kudzin Marcin, Jesionowski Teofil, Siwińska-Stefańska Katarzyna, Krysztafkiewicz Andrzej

Nanotechnology offers the possibility of rendering textiles certain properties which protect humans and their natural environment. Nano-particles of metal oxides – titanium oxide (TiO2) and zinc oxide (ZnO) – belong to a group of compounds showing...   more »

full text | Pages 112–116

Effect of the Interaction between Acid Dye and Nonionic Surfactants on the Adsorption of Dye in Wool Fibreexcel

Authors: Skulkina O., Treigiené R., Ragelienë Lina

The binding behaviour of 1.4-diamine anthraquinone derivative disulphonic CI Acid Blue 80 dye with nonionic surfactants based on ethoxylated alkylamines and fatty alcohols or alkylphenol (NPE) in aqueous solutions was investigated by means of conductivity measurements...   more »

full text | Pages 117–121

Synthesis of Bifunctional Monochlorotriazine Reactive Dyes Increasing UV-Protection Properties of Cotton Fabrics

Authors: Czajkowski Wojciech (Wiesław), Paluszkiewicz Joanna

Several yellow and red bis-monochlorotriazine reactive dyes with built-in UV-absorber residues were synthesised. Their application properties were determined during the coloration of cotton, and the UV-protection factor (UPF) of the dyed fabrics was measured. The results...   more »

full text | Pages 122–127

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FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe
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EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT
Editor-in-Chief Bogdan Mac, V-ce Editor-in-Chief Marta Cyrczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editors Emilia Jaszczurska, Anna Wahl, Typesetting Media-Press • Production IBWCh

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