Where you are: Home pageYear 2008Issue 2 (67)

Issue 2 (67) / 2008

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

The Ability to Build a Brand in the Single European Market for the Polish Sportswear Sector

Authors: Malinowska-Olszowy Monika

Integration with the European Union is connected with the necessity to adjust Polish light industry to function in the common market, which mostly requires enhancing the competitiveness of products. So far, results of the restructuring process...   more »

full text | Pages 7–11

Research and development

Examination of Physical-Mechanical Parameters of Carded and Combed Yarns Produced from Biological Cotton-excel

Authors: Rutkowski Jacek

Terms of ‘biological and ‘organic ‘ cotton are described. The publication presents the parameters of fibres and yarns dedicated to knitting, which are manufactured from biological cotton, in relation to conventional fibres and yarns analogically manufactured....   more »

full text | Pages 12–17

Linking Yarns from Staple and Filament Fibres by High-Efficiency Pneumatic Interlacing. Part II: Analysis of Hairiness, Number of Faults and Estimation of the Linking Effects

Authors: Ankudowicz Wacław, Dopierała Halina, Radom Czesław, Swaczyna Paweł

Part II of this article is a continuation of the one presented in Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe, No. 1/2008. Part I outlined the innovation of a method of linking yarns by pneumatic interlacing in...   more »

full text | Pages 18–22

Influence of changes in Yarn Twist on the Dynamics of Yarn Motion During Spinning on a Ring Spinning Machineel

Authors: Przybył Krystyna

The value of twist is an essential yarn property for a spinner. This paper presents an analysis of the influence of changes in the yarn twist value on yarn tension and the stability of yarn formation...   more »

full text | Pages 23–26

Periodic and Chaotic Motion in Sirofil Yarn Spinning

Authors: Zhang Li-Na, He Ji-huan

A dynamic model is established for two-strand yarn processing. The oscillating frequencies of Sirofil spinning in vertical and horizontal directions are approximately obtained. The stability and chaotic characters of Sirofil spinning are analysed analytically, and an...   more »

full text | Pages 27–29

Influence of Navel Type on the Hairiness Properties of Rotor-Spun Blend Yarns

Authors: Erbil Yilmaz, Babaarslan Osman, Baykal Pinar Duru

The navel, which is one of the most important items in the OE - rotor spinning system, influences yarn quality because of its surface design and structure. In this work, four different blends (polyester/cotton and polyester/viscose)...   more »

full text | Pages 31–34

The Effect of Vacuum Steaming Parameters on the Physical Properties of Chenille Yarnsig

Authors: Çeven Erhan Kenan, Özdemir Özcan

In this study, the effects of vacuum steaming process parameters on the physical properties of chenille yarns and fabrics were studied. For this purpose chenille yarns were produced with viscose and acrylic pile and core yarns...   more »

full text | Pages 35–40

A Study of The Hairiness of Polyester-Viscose Blended Yarns; Part I. Drafting System Parameters

Authors: Haghighat Ezzatollah, Johari Majid Safar, Etrati Seyed Mohammad

The influences of drafting system parameters of a ring frame and yarn parameters on the hairiness of polyester-viscose blended yarns are examined. Samples of 80/20 polyester/viscose blended yarns were produced by a SKF Lab Spinner and...   more »

full text | Pages 41–44

Influence of Weave and Weft Characteristics on Tensile Properties of Fabrics

Authors: Gabrijelčič Helena, Cernáková Ludmila, Dimitrovski Krste

The breaking strength and elongation at break of a fabric firstly depend on the breaking strength and elongation at break in the testing direction of the used yarn. In our research not only the influence of...   more »

full text | Pages 45–51

Investigation of Textiles Elastic Properties with a Pendulum Impact Device

Authors: Valatkienė Loreta, Strazdiené Eugenija, Issa Manal

This investigation concerns the estimation of materials impact behaviour based on the registration of vibration during the pendulum process. In order to find optimal testing conditions, three types of materials: woven fabric, knitted material and polyethylene...   more »

full text | Pages 52–57

A Simulation Model of Lace Made on a Multibar Raschel Machine

Authors: GaoMing Jiang, XunWei Feng

An exact and applicable mathematical model is the basis of computer simulated Multibar lace fabric. In this study, a spline curve is used to simulate the loop structure of Multibarlace fabric. The number and position of...   more »

full text | Pages 58–60

Handle Evaluation of Men’s Suitings Produced in Turkey

Authors: Sülar Vildan, Okur Ayşe

This article explains subjective evaluation techniques for stiffness, thickness and smoothness, which are the components of handle of suitings, and subjective assessments using these techniques. Another objective of this research was to study the fabric handle...   more »

full text | Pages 61–68

Effects of Knit Structure on the Dimensional and Physical Properties of Winter Outerwear Knitted Fabrics

Authors: Emirhanova Nergiz, Kavusturan Yasemin

In this study, an experimental work is presented to determine the effects of fourteen different knit structures of 80% Lambswool-20% Polyamide knitted outerwear fabrics, on the dimensional properties; pilling resistance, abrasion resistance, bursting strength, air permeability...   more »

full text | Pages 69–74

Line Balancing in the Apparel Industry Using Simulation Techniques

Authors: Güner Mücella G., Ünal Can

Line balancing problems are well-known applications of industrial engineering departments. Different kinds of line balancing algorithms have been applied for many years in the apparel industry. However manual-operations oriented system of this sector makes it impossible...   more »

full text | Pages 75–78

Lithuanian Folk Skirts. Part I: Analysis of Fabric Pattern

Authors: Kumpikaitė Eglė, Néniené Inga

Some of the most colourful parts of Lithuanian folk costume are skirts. In the past in Lithuanian tradition fabrics for skirts were woven from home-made yarns on a hand weaving loom. In these fabrics the esthetic...   more »

full text | Pages 79–83

The Measurement of Wetting Angle by Applying an ADSA Model of Sessile Drop on Selected Textile Surfaces

Authors: Gocławski Jarosław, Urbaniak–Domagała Wiesława

This paper presents a method of liquid-solid contact (wetting) angle measurement for selected textile surfaces, assuming the angles to be less than 90°. The method uses a special apparatus for acquisition of sessile drop images. Specialised...   more »

full text | Pages 84–88

The Synergetic Effects of Alternative Methods in Wool Finishing

Authors: Demir A., Karahan H. A., Özdoğan Esen, Öktem Tülin, Seventekin N.

Knitted wool fabrics were treated with atmospheric argon plasma, enzyme (protease), chitosan and a combination of these processes. The treated fabrics were evaluated in terms of their dyeability, colour fastness and shrinkage properties, as well as...   more »

full text | Pages 89–94

Use of Statistical Methods to Understand the Effect of Yarn and Fabric Parameters on Desizing Efficiency

Authors: Teli Mangesh D., Chakrabarti R.

The control of fabric quality in terms of the basic structure, like yarn type, yarn count, twist multiplier, ends per inch and picks per inch, cover factor etc. is very important, as these parameters finally determine...   more »

full text | Pages 95–100

The Effect of Pretreatment on the Environment and Dyeing Properties of a Selected Cotton Knitted Fabric

Authors: Fakin Darinka, Golob Darko, Stjepanovič Zoran

The current preparation of cotton knitted fabric prior to dyeing mainly involves a combined process consisting of scouring and peroxide bleaching. In this research two pre-treatment procedures, i.e. combined alkaline scouring/bleaching and enzymatic scouring/bleaching, were compared...   more »

full text | Pages 101–104

Influence of Chemithermomechanical Pulp on the Colour of Pulps Dyed with Direct Dyes

Authors: Drzewińska Ewa

The dyeability of chemical pulp and chemithermomechanical pulp (CTMP) and their mixtures with direct dyes were investigated. It was found that direct dyes were useful mainly for dyeing paper containing chemical pulps, but they can...   more »

full text | Pages 105–107


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