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Issue 1 (66) / 2008

Title page       Contents
 

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Barriers to the Development of Knowledge Absorption of the Polish Clothing Industry

Authors: Grandys Ewa

The Polish clothing industry will be able to gain competitive advantage in the European market by replacing labour intensive technologies with knowledge intensive solutions. However, this process will be possible, when many barriers stemming from the...   more »

full text | Pages 9–12

Research and development

Analysis of Cotton Maturity Degree on Microstructure Level by Fuzzy Set Conceptionh

Authors: Sarna Ewa, Rabiej Małgorzata, Sarna Marian, Włochowicz Andrzej

This paper is a continuation and generalisation of an earlier study of cotton maturity degree determination in the earlier paper. Up till now the maturity degree of cotton has been determined by the analysis of longitudinal...   more »

full text | Pages 13–18

The Influence of Different Pretreatments on the Quantity of Seed-coat Fragments in Cotton Fibres

Authors: Tavcer Petra Forte

Cotton combing noil, which is used for production of sanitary wadding, was pretreated with pectinases, cellulases and a combination of both enzymes, and subsequently bleached with hydrogen peroxide or peracetic acid. For comparison the fibers were...   more »

full text | Pages 19–23

Comparing the Physical Properties of Produced Sirospun and New Hybrid Solo-Siro Spun Blend Wool/Polyester Worsted Yarnson

Authors: Ghasemi R., Mozafari-Dana R., Etrati Seyed Mohammad, Najar Saeed Shaikhzadeh

The aim of this paper is to present the utilisation of a Solospun roller in the Sirospun spinning system in order to improve the properties of worsted wool/polyester yarns, especially the yarn hairiness. In this work,...   more »

full text | Pages 24–27

Neural Model of the Spinning Process Dedicated to Predicting Properties of Cotton-Polyester Blended Yarns on the Basis of the Characteristics of Feeding Streams

Authors: Jackowska-Strumułło Lidia, Cyniak Danuta, Czekalski Jerzy, Jackowski Tadeusz

The subject of our research were yarns manufactured from cotton-polyester blended slivers, as well as pure cotton and polyester slivers with the use of a BD 200S rotor spinning frame. Partial models of the spinning process...   more »

full text | Pages 28–36

Linking Yarns from Staple and Filament Fibres by High-Efficiency Pneumatic Interlucing. Part I: Factors Influencing the Linking Effect and Properties of Interlaced Yarns. Analysis of Tensile Strength Parameters

Authors: Ankudowicz Wacław, Dopierała Halina, Radom Czesław, Swaczyna Paweł

The linking of yarns manufactured from staple and filament fibres, as well as only from staple fibres by the technique of high-efficient pneumatic interlucing was the subject of investigations commenced at the Textile Research Institute. This...   more »

full text | Pages 37–43

A Discrete Probalistic Model of Forces in a Visco-elastic Thread Pulled Through a Drawing Zone

Authors: Włodarczyk Bogdan, Kowalski Krzysztof

A simulation was carried out of forces acting in a thread of random variable visco-elastic rheological properties, which is displaced through a model drawing zone. This zone consists of two pairs of rollers working at different...   more »

full text | Pages 44–49

The Influence of Triboelectricity on Textile Polymer Friction Parameters

Authors: Truncyte Dainora, Daukantiene Virginija, Gutauskas Matas

The influence of the electricity of five fibre materials and five polymeric films on the friction parameters determined according to Standard DIN 53375 was analysed in this work. The variations in kinetic friction force between the...   more »

full text | Pages 50–53

Influence of Fabric Pattern on the Abrasion Resistance Property of Woven Fabrics

Authors: Kaynak Hatice Kubra, Topalbekitoglu Mehmet

In this experimental study, the abrasion resistance properties of woven fabrics were investigated as a function of weave type. Seven woven fabrics with different weave derivatives were woven with 100% cotton and 20 Tex (Ne 30/1)...   more »

full text | Pages 54–56

Investigation of Compressional Creep Behaviour of Persian Hand-woven Carpet During Simulated Storage under Different Environmental Conditionsch

Authors: Mojabi S. A., Najar Saeed Shaikhzadeh, Hashemi S. Hosseini, Rashidi A., Bassam Seyed Jalal Eddin

In this research, an apparatus was designed and constructed in order to simulate the storage behaviour of hand-woven carpet under different environmental conditions. Hand-woven carpet (Isfahan) with 127×83 cm dimensions and 79×84 knot per 10 cm...   more »

full text | Pages 57–62

Stretch and Bagging Properties of Denim Fabrics Containing Different Rates of Elastane.

Authors: Özdil Nilgün

The performance and comfort factors of garments during usage are very important. Generally, the comfortable stretching of fabrics according to body movements as well as recovery after stretching, are good desirable properties. In recent years, due...   more »

full text | Pages 63–67

Comparison of the Burning Process of Multilayer Fabric Packet’s with the Heat Conduction Process

Authors: Baltušnikaite Julija, Kerpauskas Paulius, Milašius Rimvydas, Sirvydas-Povilas Algimantas, Stanys Sigitas

In this study, a comparison of the burning process of a multilayer fabric packet with heat conduction through this packet was carried out. The values determined from the burning were compared with those obtained from the...   more »

full text | Pages 68–71

An Image Based Method for Characterising the Mechanical Behaviours of Fabrics. Part I: The Measurement of In-plane Tensile Behaviour

Authors: Xin Binjie, Hu Jinlian

The characterisation of fabric mechanical properties including tensile, bending, shearing, compressing and fracture was investigated by an image based method. In this paper, an in-plane strain-stress measurement system was built using the Kawabata Evaluation System (KES)...   more »

full text | Pages 72–75

Analysis of Impact Air-permeability of Fabrics

Authors: Tokarska Magdalena

In this paper, the methodology of studies on the impact air-permeability of fabrics is presented. Stands for the static and dynamic investigation of textiles are described. A mathematical model of the pressure drop in a fabric...   more »

full text | Pages 76–80

Pilling Performance and Abrasion Characteristics of Plain-Weave Fabrics Made from Open – End and Ring Spun Yarns

Authors: Can Yahya

In this experimental study, plain fabrics made from100% cotton ring carded, ring combed and OE rotor spun yarns were produced. The weft yarn count, warp yarn count and fabric sett of the fabrics were constant. The...   more »

full text | Pages 81–84

Correlation Between the Ultraviolet Protection Factor and the Weight and Thickness of Undyed Cellulosic Woven Fabrics

Authors: Algaba Ines M., Pepió Montserrat, Riva Ascensión

The protection that a fabric offers against ultraviolet radiation can be quantified by the determination of the in vitro Ultraviolet Protection Factor (UPF). According to the literature, the factor that has a higher influence on the...   more »

full text | Pages 85–89

The Compression Behaviour of Warp Knitted Spacer Fabric

Authors: Miao Xuhong, Ge Ming-Qiao

The paper presents the special compressibility of warp knitted spacer fabric based on its construction, and analyses the stress and strain behavior of spacer fabric when compressed. Corresponding influential factors are also discussed here. In order...   more »

full text | Pages 90–92

Assembly Line Balancing in a Clothing Company

Authors: Eryuruk Selin Hanife , Kalaoğlu Fatma, Baskak Murat

In this study, two heuristic assembly line balancing techniques known as the “Ranked Positional Weight Technique”, developed by Helgeson and Birnie, and the “Probabilistic Line Balancing Technique”, developed by El-Sayed and Boucher, were applied to solve...   more »

full text | Pages 93–98

KES-F Analysis of Low Temperature Plasma Treated Wool Fabric

Authors: Kan Chi. Wai

Low temperature plasma (LTP) treatment was applied to wool fabric with the use of a non-polymerising gas, namely oxygen. After the LTP treatment, the fabric mechanical properties, including low-stress mechanical properties, air permeability and thermal properties...   more »

full text | Pages 99–102

The Influence of Pulp on the Colour of Dyed Papers

Authors: Drzewińska Ewa

The dyeability of bleached chemical pulps, bleached chemithermomechanical pulp and deinked pulp with anionic and cationic direct dyes was investigated. It was found that direct dyes may be used for mechanical and recycled pulps to reduce...   more »

full text | Pages 103–107

Estimation of the Influence of the Sorption Properties of Selected Natural Fibres on the Efficiency of Deodorisation Processes of Industrial Waste-Gases

Authors: Wierzbińska Monika

This article presents the results of research into removing volatile organic compounds from waste gases while using bio-filters filled with mixtures of natural materials, such as peat, bark, jute, hemp and cotton. Experimental filtration beds were...   more »

full text | Pages 108–112

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