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Pilling Performance and Abrasion Characteristics of Plain-Weave Fabrics Made from Open – End and Ring Spun Yarns

Research and development

Author:

  • Can Yahya
    Denizli Vocational School, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey

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Abstract:

In this experimental study, plain fabrics made from100% cotton ring carded, ring combed and OE rotor spun yarns were produced. The weft yarn count, warp yarn count and fabric sett of the fabrics were constant. The pilling and abrasion resistance of the fabrics were investigated. After that the relationships between yarn characteristics and abrasion resistance and pilling were investigated. Finally the relationships between abrasion resistance and pilling were investigated for every group of fabrics. The results show that the arithmetic means of abrasion resistance and pilling performance have a maximum value in fabrics made from OE rotor spun yarns. The arithmetic means of abrasion resistance and pilling performance have a minimum value in fabrics made from ring carded spun yarns. Whereas standard deviations in fabric made from OE rotor spun yarns have a maximum value, standard deviations in fabric made from ring combed spun yarns have a minimum value for both fabric characteristics. The important relationships between yarn hairiness and abrasion resistance and pilling were obtained in all the fabrics. Additionally, the important relationships between abrasion resistance and pilling were obtained for all the fabrics. All correlation coefficients were found as negative. The correlation coefficient of fabrics made from ring combed spun yarns has a maximum value. The correlation coefficient of fabrics made from OE rotor spun yarns has a minimum value without taking into account the fact that it is negative or positive.

Tags: pilling, abrasion resistance, woven fabric, yarn hairiness, plain weave, ring-spun yarn, OE yarn.

Published in issue no 1 (66) / 2008, pages 81–84.

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