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Issue 3 (68) / 2008

Title page       Contents
 

Research and development

Evaluation of the Suitability of Selected Aliphatic Polyester Blends for Biodegradable Fibrous Materials with Improved Elasticity

Authors: Twarowska-Schmidt Krystyna, Tomaszewski Wacław

Poly (lactic acid) (PLA) blends with biodegradable aliphatic polyester of butylene glycol and succinic- and adypic acids (Bionolle) were studied with respect to their usefulness for the preparation of fibrous materials with biodegradability and improved elasticity....   more »

full text | Pages 9–13

Investigation of Fibre Diameter Distribution in Non-Woven Textiles for Medical Applications in Melt-Blown Polyester Technology

Authors: Świątek Józef, Jarzębowski Janusz, Cichoń Jan

Manufacturing non-wovens from fibre-grade polyesters by the melt-blown method from a polymer melt causes great technological problems. The structure of non-woven, its properties and characteristics are influenced by such parameters as the moisture of the polymer,...   more »

full text | Pages 14–16

Effect of Spindle Diameter and Spindle Working Period on the Properties of 100% Viscose MVS Yarnsn

Authors: Ortlek Husein Gazi, Nair Fehmi, Kilik Recep, Guven Kaan

This study focuses on the effects of various spindle diameters and the spindle working period on the properties of 100% viscose MVS yarns. MVS yarn samples produced with four levels of spindle diameter, 1.1, 1.2, 1.3,...   more »

full text | Pages 17–20

Study of the Hairiness of Polyester-Viscose Blended Yarns. Part II - Winding Section Parameters

Authors: Haghighat Ezzatollah, Johari Majid Safar, Etrati Seyed Mohammad

The influences of winding section parameters at ring spinning frame on the hairiness of polyester-viscose blended yarns are examined. Statistical analysis of the results showed that yarn hairiness is significantly influenced by spindle speed, thread guide...   more »

full text | Pages 21–24

Influence of Technological Parameters on the Periodical Effects of Fancy Yarns

Authors: Petrulyte Salvinija

The effects of fancy yarn formation in one process can be controlled by the choice of the main factors connected to this process, like the speed of fancy yarn production, the speed of supply of the...   more »

full text | Pages 25–29

Bending Rigidity of Yarn Using a Two Supports Beam System

Authors: Ghane Mohammad, Sheikhzadeh Mohammad, Halabian A. M., Khaburi S.

The simple cantilever is a common method to measure the bending rigidity of fabrics. However, the small dimension and untwisting of the free end of yarn are the major difficulties in the simple cantilever method. In...   more »

full text | Pages 30–32

Assesing the Wear of Spindle Neck Coating Made of AlCu4Mg1 Alloy of Ring Spinning Spindles with an Antiballoon Crown

Authors: Płonka Stanisław, Hajduga Maciej

This paper presents the results of observation and measurements of the wear of a spindle-neck coating made of the aluminium alloy AlCu4Mg1 of an anti-balloon crown of a PG-7A ring-spinning frame. Evaluation of the wear of the...   more »

full text | Pages 33–38

Visual Evaluation of the Surface of Tencel/Cotton Blend Fabrics in Production and Cleaning Processesd

Authors: Nergis Banu Uygun, Beceren Y.

This study focusses on the visual evaluation of the surface of Tencel/cotton blend fabrics throughout production and cleaning processes. The results showed that pilling increased with consecutive laundering and dry-cleaning processes. Entanglements were mostly observed during...   more »

full text | Pages 39–43

Influence of Fabric Structure on the Character of Fabric Breakage

Authors: Kumpikaitė Eglė

In this article the influence of fabric structure, expressed by the integrated fabric structure factor , on the breaking force and elongation at break of a fabric is analysed. The weaves were divided into two groups,...   more »

full text | Pages 44–46

Influence of Pile Height and Density on the End-Use Properties of Carpets

Authors: Dubinskaite Kristina, Van Langenhove Lieva, Milašius Rimvydas

Nine different face-to-face cut pile carpets were used for the investigation. The raw material of the carpet pile yarns was wool and polyamide blended yarns. The influence of the different structure parameters (carpet pile density and...   more »

full text | Pages 47–50

Analysis and Prediction of the Dynamic Heat-Moisture Comfort Property of Fabric

Authors: Yang  Kai, Jiao Ming Li, Chen Yi-song, Li Jun, Zhang Wei-yuan

A series of experiments and analyses were performed to study the dynamic heat and moisture transferring procedure as well as evaluate the heat-moisture comfort property of fabric in wearing conditions that produce continued sweat. By measuring...   more »

full text | Pages 51–55

A Study on Subjective and Objective Evaluation of the Handle Properties of Shirt Fabrics

Authors: Özcelik Gonca, Supuren Gamze, Gulumser Tulay, Tarakcioglu Isik

It is not possible to measure the handle of fabrics, which can be defined as the total senses felt when touching a fabric. Objectively with only one instrument and therefore in many researches concerned with fabric...   more »

full text | Pages 56–62

The Behaviour of Fabric with Elastane Yarn During Stretching

Authors: Šajn Gorjanc Dunja, Bukošek Vili

This paper presents an investigation into the behaviour of fabric with elastane yarn during stretching. The aim of the research was to study the viscoelastic part of the stress-extension curve and behaviour of fabrics with elastane...   more »

full text | Pages 63–68

The Analytical Study of Garment Pressure on the Human Body Using Finite Elements

Authors: Mirjalili Seyed Abbas, Rafeeyan Mansour, Soltanzadeh Zeynab

This paper reports an analytical study of the contact pressure between an elastic garment and some parts of the human body whose geometries are cylindrical and conical, which is based on contact mechanics. The results of...   more »

full text | Pages 69–73

Motifs and Symmetry Characteristics of the Ornamentation on Traditional Greek Woven Textiles from the Area of the Aegeantion

Authors: Lekka Lila, Dascalopoulos Sofia

This paper presents an analysis of woven ornamentation of traditional Greek textiles from the area of the Aegean. The aim of this research is to explore the relationship between woven ornamentation and the technology used for...   more »

full text | Pages 74–78

Lithuanian Folk Skirts. Part II: Analysis of Fabric Weaves

Authors: Kumpikaitė Eglė, Néniené Inga, Néniené Inga

In the second part of the article, Lithuanian folk skirt fabrics are researched according to weave. 7 fabric groups, from which the group of plain weave is the most widespread, were selected. The second most common...   more »

full text | Pages 79–82

Relation Between Basic Structural Parameters of Knitted Fur Fabrics and Their Heat Transmission Resistance

Authors: Korycki Ryszard, Więzowska Anna

The necessity to research and describe the heat exchange in knitted fur fabrics is presented herein together with the results of experimental research on random selected samples are. Correlations between the basic textile construction parameters (thickness,...   more »

full text | Pages 84–89

Comparison of Surface Modification of Wool Fibres Using Pronase, Trypsin, Papain and Pepsin

Authors: Goudarzi Gholamreza, Sepehrizadeh Zargham, Yazdi Mojtaba Tabatabaei, Jamshidiba Mostafa

Nowadays the uses of enzymes in textile industries are being developed because of their harmless effluents and good effectiveness. One of these uses is the shrink proofing of wool fabrics using proteolytic enzymes. In this research,...   more »

full text | Pages 90–92

Determination of Pigment Combinations for Textile Printing Using Artificial Neural Networks

Authors: Golob Darko, Osterman Djurdja Parac, Zupan Jure

This paper demonstrates the possibility of using counter-propagation neural networks to identify the combinations of dyes in textile printing paste formulations. An existing collection of 1430 printed samples produced with 10 dyes was used for neural...   more »

full text | Pages 93–98

Electrokinetic Study of Water Hardness during Acid Dyeing with Silk

Authors: Kan Chi. Wai

In this paper, the effect of water hardness, expressed in CaCO3, on the dyeing of silk with acid dye under acid, alkaline and isoelectric point dyeing conditions was studied using the zeta potential method. Under acidic...   more »

full text | Pages 99–101

Triclosan Encapsulated in Poli(L,L-lactide) as a Carrier of Antibacterial Properties of Textiles

Authors: Goetzendorf-Grabowska Bogna, Królikowska Halina, Bąk Patrycja, Gadzinowski Mariusz, Brycki Bogumił, Szwajca Anna

The subject of this paper covers research on the application of encapsulated biocides to achieve anibacterial textile products. Nonwoven with incorporated in its structure Triclosan, encapsulated in biodegradable polylactide, was the material of this research work....   more »

full text | Pages 102–107

Dressing Sponges Made of Chitosan and Chitosan-Alginate Fibrids

Authors: Kucharska Magdalena, Niekraszewicz Antoni, Wiśniewska-Wrona Maria, Brzoza-Malczewska Kinga

This paper presents a manufacturing process for biological chitosan and chitosan-alginate dressing sponges as well as their biological and physical-mechanical properties. The aim of the research was the preparation of such sponges based on chitosan and...   more »

full text | Pages 109–113

Manufacturing Possibilities of Silk Paper for Antique Fabric Conservation

Authors: Machnowski Waldemar, Kotlińska Anna, Lipp-Symonowicz Barbara, Kowalska Stanislawa, Wrzosek Henryk

In this study, the conditions and results of silk fibre modification with the use of proteolytic enzymes are presented. Using the technique of scanning electron microscope (SEM), it was shown that the enzymatic treatment resulted in...   more »

full text | Pages 114–116

Influence of Deinked Pulp on Paper Colour and its Susceptibility to Ageing

Authors: Drzewińska Ewa

The dyeability of chemical pulp and deinked pulp (DIP) as well as a mixture of these grades with cationic direct dyes were investigated. It was found that the paper obtained contains significant quantities of fluorescent whitening...   more »

full text | Pages 117–119

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