Where you are: Home pageYear 2016Issue 4 (118)

Issue 4 (118) / 2016

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Management and Characterization of Textile Solid Waste in a Local Productive Arrangement

Authors: Pinheiro Eliane, de Francisco Antonio Carlos

The present research has the objective of identifying the characterization and management of textile solid waste generated in clothing manufacturing within a local productive arrangement (LPA) in Brazil. The importance of this research consists in the data presentation and...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1201128
| Pages 8–13

Internationalisation of Polish Clothing Companies

Authors: Grandys Ewa, Grandys Andrzej

Polish companies, including clothing companies delivering finished products and B2B garment manufacture services, increasingly internationalise their business. At the same time, the lines of internationalisation are determined by the companies’ lines business. In order to establish the areas of...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1201127
| Pages 14–19

Research and development

Functional Nanocomposite Poly(phenylene sulphide) Fibres - Preliminary Studies

Authors: Kulpiński Piotr, Czarnecki Piotr, Niekraszewicz Barbara, Jeszka Jeremiasz K.

Composite poly(phenylene sulphide) (PPS) fibres and nonwovens were obtained by the melt blowing method. A specially designed twin screw extruder was used which allowed to perform several mixing cycles prior to final extrusion. Multiwall carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and carbonyl...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1201129
| Pages 20–26

Application of Raman Spectroscopy for Evaluation of Chemical Changes in Dibutyrylchitin Fibres

Authors: Biniaś Dorota, Biniaś Włodzimierz, Janicki Jarosław

Microporous dibutyrylchitin (DBC) fibres formed by means of a dry-wet method were treated with aqueous solutions of potassium hydroxide. By applying various parameters of the alkaline treatment, fibres can be transformed into fibres from regenerated chitin or even...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1207842
| Pages 27–38

Development of a Method for Characterization of the Fibre Length of Long Staple Carbon Fibres Based on Image Analysis

Authors: Hengstermann Martin, Bardl Georg, Rao Haihua, Abdkader Anwar, Hasan Mir Mohammad Badrul, Cherif Chokri

For the manufacturing of load-bearing carbon fibre reinforced plastics (CFRP) made from staple carbon fibres (CF) , statements of the CF fibre length in the composite are essential. However, no suitable fibre length measuring method is currently available...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1207845
| Pages 39–44

Real-time Segmentation of Yarn Images Based on an FCM Algorithm and Intensity Gradient Analysis

Authors: Li Zhongjian, Pan Ruru, Wang Jing’an, Wang Ziyu, Li Bianbian, Gao Weidong

This paper presents a new method for real-time segmentation of yarn images which are captured by a real-time image acquisition device. The first frame of the images is clustered by the local average intensity and entropy of the...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1201130
| Pages 45–50

Investigation of Tensile and Stiffness Properties of Composite Yarns with Different Parameters

Authors: Çeven Erhan Kenan, Aytaş Hüseyin

In this experimental study, we investigated the effects of core yarn diameter and cover yarn type on the mechanical properties of composite yarns produced using a hollow spindle twisting machine according to the method of covering. Composite yarns...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1201131
| Pages 51–58

Detection of Warp Elongation in Satin Woven Cotton Fabrics Using Image Processing

Authors: Kaplan Volkan, Varan Nilüfer Yildiz, Dayik Mehmet, Turhan Yıldıray, Durur Güngör

In this study, warp elongations in a satin fabric were detected using image processing to reduce yarn breakage during weaving. It was aimed to increase the productivity of the weaving looms. In this work, a high sensitive camera...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1183202
| Pages 59–62

Discoloration of Cotton/Kapok Indigo Denim Fabric by Using a Carbon Dioxide Laser

Authors: Du Wei, Gosh Rajib Chandra, Zuo Dan-ying, Zou Han-tao, Tian Lei, Yi Chang-hai, Yi Chang-hai, Yi Chang-hai

In this work, a carbon dioxide laser was used for the color-fading treatment of cotton/kapok denim fabrics. The results were analysed thoroughly and compared with those of cotton denim fabric and PET denim fabric. Results showed that with...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1201132
| Pages 63–67

Thermal Properties of Functionally Graded Fibre Material

Authors: Turant Jan, Radaszewska Elżbieta

In this paper the problem of modelling graded materials in the form of a fibre composite with varying fibre diameter is considered. The aim of modelling was to determine the micro and macroscopic thermal properties of this type...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1201133
| Pages 68–73

Design of Lightweight Composite Disks Reinforced with Continuous Fibres

Authors: Wiśniewski Jacek

The paper presents the results of an investigation in the area of numerical analysis and designing of lightweight composite disks reinforced with continuous fibres. The problem of the optimal layout of reinforcing fibres in the matrix domain in...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1201134
| Pages 74–79

Study on Radiant Heat Flux Transfer Through Aluminised Multi-Layer Fabric at Low Level Thermal Radiation

Authors: Ghane Mohammad, Sarlak Hossein

This paper presents a method to measure the thermal radiant flux transfer through aluminised multi-layer protective clothing. The multilayer fabric consisted of a layer of aluminum foil, one of glass fabric, and a layer of cotton fabric. The...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1201135
| Pages 80–83

Inter-/Intra-Laminar Reinforced Hybrid Fibre Composites by Needle Punching and Thermal Bonding: Evaluation of Mechanical and Static Puncture Properties

Authors: Li Ting-Ting, Li Ting-Ting, Wang Rui, Lou Ching-Wen, Pan Yi-Jun, Hsieh Chien-Teng, Lin Jia-Horng, Lin Jia-Horng, Lin Jia-Horng, Lin Jia-Horng

This study comparatively presents the static puncture property of different structures of intra-/inter-laminar reinforced hybrid composites via needle punching and thermal bonding techniques. The tensile and bursting properties of two composites with inter-laminar reinforcement by needle-punching and inter-and-intra- laminar...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1201136
| Pages 84–91

Performance Stability of Ballistic Para-Aramid Woven Fabrics Modified by Plasma-Assisted Chemical Vapour Deposition (PACVD)

Authors: Struszczyk Marcin H., Puszkarz Adam K., Miklas Michał, Wilbik-Hałgas Bożena, Cichecka Magdalena, Urbaniak–Domagała Wiesława, Krucińska Izabella

Plasma-assisted chemical vapour deposition (PACVD) is often used for the modification of the surface properties of a wide range of materials. The resulting effect of PACVD modification considerably changes the behaviour of the material. The process of surface...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1201137
| Pages 92–97

Investigation of the Properties of Natural Fibre Woven Fabrics as a Reinforcement Materials for Green Composites

Authors: Karahan Mehmet, Ozkan Fatma, Yildirim Kenan, Karahan Nevin

The mechanical properties of flax and jute woven fabrics were investigated and compared with each other. Mechanical properties of the yarns and fabrics were  characterised and compared for each scale. The fabric structure, yarn physical properties,...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1201138
| Pages 98–104

Static and Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Cotton/Epoxy Green Composites

Authors: Koyuncu Menderes, Karahan Mehmet, Karahan Nevin, Shaker Khubab, Nawab Yasir

A study on the effect of alkaline treatment on the mechanical properties of cotton fabric reinforced epoxy composites is presented in this paper. One hour treatment of cotton fabric was performed using three different concentrations of sodium hydroxide...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1201139
| Pages 105–111

The Effect of Processing Conditions on the Performance of UHMWPE-Fibre Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites

Authors: Fejdyś Marzena, Łandwijt Marcin, Kucharska-Jastrząbek A., Struszczyk Marcin H.

The aim of this study was to analyse the influence of the main pressing parameter, i.e. temperature of a ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) fibrous sheet Dyneema ® HB26, on the performance of resultant UHMWPE-fibre reinforced polymer matrix composites...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1201140
| Pages 112–120

3D Garment Modelling – Conception of Its Structure in 3D

Authors: Cichocka Agnieszka, Bruniaux Pascal, Bruniaux Pascal, Frydrych Iwona

This work presents the results of our approach in the field of modelling and numerical simulation of a garment in a 3D virtual environment. In our study we take into account the strategic point of approach where the...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1201141
| Pages 121–128

Durability Assessment of Functionally Printed Knitted Fabrics for T-Shirts

Authors: Tomljenović Antoneta, Zjakić Igor, Rolich Tomislav

Knitted shirts are an appropriate carrier of easily readable information, and therefore, in recent years, QR Codes have been very often printed on T-shirts. With the purpose of investigating QR Code fastness printed on textiles, in this paper...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1201142
| Pages 129–138

Knitted Multi-Functional Clothing - the Main Part of a Textile Incubator for Premature Babies

Authors: Szałek Agnieszka, Mikołajczyk Zbigniew

This publication presents an innovative concept for the construction of a textile incubator. A literature study was conducted concerning care for premature babies at neonatology intensive care units. Based on the physiological requirements of preterm infants, a textile incubator...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1201143
| Pages 140–147

Impact of Hexaamidocyclotriphosphazene on the Flame Retardancy of Paper

Authors: Tang Linsheng, Bi Wei, Ke Yang, Song Hongbing, He Wei, Liu Yujia

In this paper, the flame retardancy of hexaamidocyclotriphosphazene (HACTP) in paper was studied by limiting oxygen index measurement, the vertical burning test and cone calorimetry test. Meanwhile the mechanism was discussed by the analysis of residues obtained in the...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1199201
| Pages 148–152

Impact of the Mixture of Hexa(N-hydroxymethyl)amidocyclotriphosphazene and Partially Methylated Melamine Formaldehyde Resin on the Flame Retardancy of Paper

Authors: Tang Linsheng, Tang Linsheng, Zhao Jing, Sui Xiaotong, Song Hongbing, He Wei

The flame retardancy of the mixture of hexa(N-hydroxymethyl)amidocyclotriphosphazene and partially methylated melamine formaldehyde resin (HHMATP/PMMM) in paper was proposed by limiting oxygen index measurement (LOI), the vertical burning test and cone calorimetry test (CCT). In our research, the LOI...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1201144
| Pages 153–160

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