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Issue 3 (117) / 2016

Title page       Contents

Research and development

Static and Fatigue Strength of Linear Textile Products

Authors: Włochowicz Andrzej, Kukla Sławomir, Drobina Robert

This publication is a review of the work directed or inspired by the late Professor Andrzej Włochowicz in comparison to the current state of knowledge, and developed by his colleagues as an expression of memory and recognition of...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1196606
| Pages 8–16

Preparation and Characterisation of Polylactic acid (PLA)/Polycaprolactone (PCL) Composite Microfibre Membranes

Authors: Lu Yao, Chen Yan-Chun, Zhang Pei-Hua

Biodegradable polymers like PLA and PCL have wide application in tissue engineering because of their biocompatibility, degradation and mechanical properties. In this study, the optimised electrospinning parameters of PLA/PCL composite membranes were determined with scanning electron microscopy to obtain...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1196607
| Pages 17–25

Unidirectional Torsion Properties of Single Silk Fibre

Authors: Jiang Shan, Cao Genyang, Cai Guangming, Xu Weilin , Li Wenbin, Wang Xin

The unidirectional torsion properties of silk fibre were investigated on a purpose-built single fibre torsion tester. The torsional fracture angle and the number of cycles of torsion at breaking were recorded, and the effect of the gauge length...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1196608
| Pages 26–30

Investigation of Staple Yarns Modified by the Physical Vapour Deposition Method

Authors: Niewiadomska Iwona, Frydrysiak Michał, Puchalski Michał, Czekalski Jerzy

The aim of the researh presented in this paper was to develop a technology for obtaining electrocondauctive yarns using the physical vapour deposition (PVD) technique, as well as methods for testing the yarns. The authors presented a method...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1196609
| Pages 32–37

Study on the Photochromic Properties of Coloured Luminous Fibres Based on PA6

Authors: Yan Yanhong, Zhu Yanan, Ge Ming-Qiao

Coloured PA6 luminous fibres were prepared by adding luminous material and inorganic pigments. The morphology and optical properties of the coloured PA6 luminous fibres were characterized. The results revealed that luminous materials were dispersed uniformly in the fibres without...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1196610
| Pages 38–43

Effects of the Functional Compound on the Properties of Composite Tape Yarns

Authors: Petrulis Donatas, Petravičius Artūras, Petravičius Artūras, Petrulyte Salvinija

While the functional compound Polycom JB 7100 is often introduced into polyolefins as a modifier, processing aid and bonding agent, little is known about its influence upon the basic structure and mechanical properties of composite tape yarns. Polycom...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1196611
| Pages 44–50

Alternate Basic l/b-model of Effective Porosity Created for Hydrophilic (l) and/or Hydrophobic (b) Moist Textile Materials

Authors: Rogankov Jr. Oleg V., Shvets Marina V., Rogankov Vitaly B.

There are several standard test methods (based on different construction mechanisms) and the respective experimental conditions (relative humidity, air velocity, test temperature) which lead to essentially different estimates of water vapour permeability as well as the effective transport coefficients...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1196612
| Pages 51–57

Study by Genetic Algorithm of the Role of Alfa Natural Fibre in Enhancing the Mechanical Properties of Composite Materials Based on Epoxy Matrix

Authors: Ziani N., Boudali A., Mokaddem Allel, Doumi B., Beldjoudi N., Boutaous Ahmed

Natural fibres have a very important role in improving the mechanical properties of composite materials. Our objective in this study was to use alfa natural fibre in a composite material based essentially on epoxy matrix and calculate the...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1196613
| Pages 58–62

Investigation of Thermal Properties of Ceramic-containing Knitted Textile Materials

Authors: Kubiliene Diana, Sankauskaite Audrone, Abraitienė Aušra, Krauledas Sigitas, Barauskas Rimantas, Barauskas Rimantas

The study presents an investigation of thermoregulatory processes of ceramic-containing textile materials used in cold environments. Bio-ceramic additives have a heat-retaining function caused by its far-infrared (FIR) radiation. Storing heat at a high temperature, bioceramics can radiate heat to...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1185481
| Pages 63–66

Experimental Studies on the Dielectric Behaviour of Polyester Woven Fabrics

Authors: Liu Yuanjun, Zhao Xiaoming, Zhao Xiaoming

In this paper, the influence of fabric structure, weft density, end spacing and yarn fineness on the dielectric constant of polyester woven fabrics was studied. The results show that at low frequencies, the dielectric constant of fabric was...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1196614
| Pages 67–71

Corrosion Behaviour of CuSn- and CuZnNi-coated Polypropylene Nonwoven

Authors: Dobruchowska Ewa, Koprowska Joanna

The intended purpose of metallised nonwovens is architectural shielding against electromagnetic fields. Therefore the aim of this work was to systematically investigate the corrosion behaviour of metallic layer/polypropylene nonwoven systems in the contact with an aggressive environment (3% NaCl...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1196615
| Pages 72–78

Hybride Composite Armour Systems with Advanced Ceramics and Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE) Fibres

Authors: Fejdyś Marzena, Kośla Katarzyna, Kucharska-Jastrząbek A., Landwijt Marcin

The aim of the research was to develop a new concept of hybride composite armour systems consisting of a ceramic and fibrous composite. Depending on the requirements for ballistic protection, armour systems may be designed to various configurations...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1196616
| Pages 79–89

Tensile, Flexual, Impact and Water Absorption Properties of Natural Fibre Reinforced Polyester Hybrid Composites

Authors: Prasanna Venkatesh R., Ramanathan K., Srinivasa Raman V.

In this paper, tensile, flexural, impact properties and water absorption tests were carried out using sisal/unsaturated polyester composite material. Initially the optimum fibre length and weight percentage are estimated. To improve the tensile, flexural and impact properties, sisal fibre...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1196617
| Pages 90–94

Multichannel Optical System for the Quality Control of Digital Printing

Authors: Galas Jacek, Litwin Dariusz, Czyżewski Adam, Sitarek Stefan, Kołacz Katarzyna

Economical efficiency and environmental protection are key elements of modern textile treatment, where chemical fluids are digitally assigned to designated places in a printinglike process. Except arbitrarily designed colour patterns, technology provides the ability to add individual functionalities not...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1191423
| Pages 95–102

Dynamic Characteristic Analysis of the Needle Multi-linkage Mechanism in a Carpet Tufting Machine’s Driving System

Authors: Xu Yang, Sun Zhijun, Huang Shuang, Sheng Xiaowei, Chi Xinfu

In a typical carpet tufting machine, kinematic and dynamic characteristics of the needle multi-linkage mechanism are the important factors affecting the quality of the tufting carpet. For providing a rational basis for mechanism design and vibration characteristic analysis, a...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1196619
| Pages 103–109

Optimisation of Operational Parameters for Nonwoven Sheaths of Water Absorbing Geocomposites in Unsaturated Soil Conditions

Authors: Lejcuś Krzysztof , Dąbrowska Jolanta , Grzybowska-Pietras Joanna, Garlikowski Daniel , Lejcuś Iwona , Pawłowski Andrzej , Śpitalniak Michał

This study analyses  tests influencing the selection of nonwovens for water absorbing geocomposites. The task of the nonwoven is to capture  water infiltrating into the soil and to direct it to the superabsorbent located inside. The...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1196620
| Pages 110–116

Plasma Grafting with Methyl Di-Ally Ammonium Salt to Impart Anti-Bacterial Properties to Polypropylene

Authors: Yao Wei-Hua, Tsou Chi-Hui, Tsou Chi-Hui, Tsou Chi-Hui, Tsou Chi-Hui, Chen Jui-Chin

Quaternary methyl di-ally ammonium salt (MDAA) was grafted on the surface of a polypropylene (PP) nonwoven using a low-temperature radio frequency discharge plasma. The graft ratio of MDAA to PP increased with the grafting temperature; at...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1196621
| Pages 117–123

Environment Friendly Approach  to Simultaneously Remove Unfixed Dyes from Textile Fabric and Wash-off Liquor

Authors: Shaikh Irfan Ahmed, Muqddas Aqsa , Jamil Nadia, Qadir Abdul

A new idea was investigated in this study wherein the use of coagulants was assessed in the wash-off process to simultaneously remove unfixed reactive dyes from fabrics and washoff liquor. At the end of dark shade...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1196622
| Pages 124–129

Use of Chitosan for Textile Wastewater Decolourization

Authors: Kos Lech

The aim of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of decolourization of various types of textile wastewater by coagulation with the use of chitosan while ensuring high process efficiency. The effects of decolourization depended on...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1196623
| Pages 130–135

Advances in the Development  of Antimicrobial Agents for Textiles:  The Quest for Natural Products. Review

Authors: Tawiah Benjamin, Tawiah Benjamin, Badoe William, Badoe William, Fu Shaohai

The antimicrobial finishing of textiles has attracted research attention lately due to demands for a healthy lifestyle. As a result, several synthetic and natural antimicrobial agents for textiles have been developed over the years. Recently research...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1196624
| Pages 136–149

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