Where you are: Home pageYear 2016Issue 2 (116)

Issue 2 (116) / 2016

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Empirical Study on Social Initiatives of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Indian Apparel Industry

Authors: Lakshmanan R., Swamynathan R., Mansurali A.

SMEs have initiated social responsible activities for enhancing their competitiveness in the export trade. The study aims to recognise the influence of international standards (ISO 9000, ISO 14000, SA 8000 and WRAP) on the competitiveness of knitted apparel...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1191422
| Pages 8–14

Improving Productivity in the Apparel Industry Through Gain Sharing and Continuous Process Improvement: the Case of a Serbian Manufacturer

Authors: Slović Dragoslav, Tomašević Ivan, Radovic Milić

This paper analyses the effects of combined implementation of gain sharing wage incentives and continuous process improvement on productivity growth in the apparel industry. Results were obtained through empirical research conducted in a Serbian apparel manufacturer - Javor. A...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1168239
| Pages 15–22

Research and development

Possibilities for the Estimation  of Electrospun Nanofibre Diameter Distribution by Normal (Gaussian) Distribution

Authors: Malašauskiene Jolanta, Milašius Rimvydas, Kuchanauskaitė Ernesta

Fiber diameter and its distribution are one of the most important parameters related with the quality of electrospun web. The diameter of electrospun nanofibres is not uniform and the histograms of values are usually distributed differently.Analysis...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1191423
| Pages 23–28

Image Segmentation Based Determination of Elastane Core Yarn Diameter

Authors: Hladnik Aleš , Pavko-Čuden Alenka, Farajikhah Syamak, Farajikhah Syamak

Yarn diameter is one of the key knitted fabric parameters, whose accurate determination, however, continues to be a difficult task. The goal of the study presented was to calculate the diameter of dry and wet relaxed...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1191424
| Pages 29–36

Theoretical Study of the Effects  of the General Division of a Ring Spinning Triangle on Fibre Tension

Authors: Su Xuzhong, Su Xuzhong, Gao Weidong, Gao Weidong, Liu Xinjin, Liu Xinjin, Liu Xinjin, Xie Chunping, Xie Chunping, Xu Bojun , Xu Bojun

The geometry of a spinning triangle influences the distribution of fibre tension in it and affects the qualities of spun yarns. Spinning triangle division is one of the most effective measures and fruitful results have been...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1191425
| Pages 37–43

Research on the Performance of a Drafting Device for the Four-Line Compact Spinning System

Authors: Su Xuzhong, Su Xuzhong, Gao Weidong, Gao Weidong, Liu Xinjin, Liu Xinjin, Xie Chunping, Xie Chunping, Xu Bojun , Xu Bojun

Compact spinning is one of the most important improvements of traditional ring spinning, which is implemented by adding a fibre condensing device to condense the fibre bundle and decrease the spinning triangle, thereby improving the qualities...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1191426
| Pages 44–51

Surface and Structural Damage to PLA Fibres during Textile Pretreatments

Authors: Baig Gulzar A., Carr Christ M.

PLA knitted fabric was treated with sodium carbonate in the presence of non-ionic detergent at various concentrations and temperatures in a short liquor bath. The scoured fabric was subsequently treated with industrially important bleaching agents such...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1191427
| Pages 52–58

Comparative Study on the Properties  of Vortex and Ring Spun Yarn  and the Properties of Woven Fabrics Containing Those Yarns in Weft

Authors: Kostajnšek Klara, Dimitrovski Krste

The purpose of the research was to examine the properties of vortex and ring spun yarns and their influence on the properties of woven fabrics when used as weft. Two different mixtures of fibres (Cotton/PET; Cotton/PA6.6)...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1191428
| Pages 59–65

Applying Image Analysis for Automatic Density Measurement of High-tightness Woven Fabrics

Authors: Pan Ruru, Pan Ruru, Zhang Jie, Li Zhongjian, Gao Weidong, Xu Bugao, Li Wei

To realise the density measurement of high-tightness woven fabrics, an efficient inspection method based on the structure relation is developed in this paper. The structure relations of typical HTWF, twill and satin weave are analyzed and...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1191429
| Pages 66–72

Strain Monitoring in Woven Fabrics  with Locally Induced Mass Irregularities Using an Image Based Method

Authors: Baghernezhad Saeed , Ghane Mohammad, Moezzi Meysam

The aim of this work was to study the effect of induced mass irregularities of yarn on the strain monitoring of fabric during a tensile test. Slub yarns with different induced mass irregularities were produced and...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1191430
| Pages 73–80

Prediction of Compression Properties  of Single Jersey Weft-knitted Fabric  by Finite Element Analysis Based  on the Hyperfoam Material Model

Authors: Soltanzadeh Zeynab, Shaikhzadeh Najar Saeed, Haghpanahi M., Mohajeri-Tehrani M. R.

A 3-D finite element model based on the hyperfoam material model was developed in order to predict the compression behaviour of knitted fabrics in a large deformation state. The degree of compressibility of the fabric is...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1191431
| Pages 82–88

Numerical and Experimental Analysis for Shape Improvement of a Cruciform Composite Laminates Specimen

Authors: Gutiérrez Julio C., Lozano Alejandro, Manzano Alejandro, Flores Martín S.

The use of composite materials has spread to different applications among which, those using thin sheet plates subjected to biaxial loads are commonly used in the car and aerospace industries. Hence, there is need of a...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1191433
| Pages 89–94

Comparative Analysis of the Bursting Strength of Knitted Sandwich Fabrics

Authors: Ciobanu Ana Ramona, Ciobanu Luminita, Dumitras Catalin, Sârghie Bogdan

This study presents the mechanical properties of weft knitted sandwich fabrics (bursting strength) and the effect of the raw materials used. Two types of fabrics, with and without reinforcing yarns, were analysed. To determine the influence...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1191432
| Pages 95–101

Engineering of Knitted Cotton Fabrics  for Optimum Comfort in a Hot Climate

Authors: Mal Prithwiraj, Ghosh Anindya, Majumdar Abhijit, Banerjee Debamalya

Cotton knitted fabrics are popular for summer-wear and outer-wear due to their comfort. The typical porous structure of knitted fabrics, however, increases the risk of exposure of human skin to UV rays, resulting in skin cancer....   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1191434
| Pages 102–106

Estimation of Fibre Orientation in Paper Products by an Image Analysis On-line System

Authors: Erdman Aleksandra, Grzyb Tomasz, Kulpiński Piotr, Lazarek Jagoda, Lis Stefan, Olejnik Konrad, Reczulski Mariusz, Szczepaniak Piotr S., Wysocka-Robak Agnieszka

A paper web produced under industrial conditions always exhibits an anisotropy in its mechanical properties measured in the machine  and cross directions. Proper and fast information about current paper anisotropy would significantly increase the efficiency of...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1191435
| Pages 107–112

One-Bath One-Step Dyeing of a Polyester/ Cotton Blend using the Pad-Dry-Fixation Process

Authors: Elsherbiny Abeer S., Kaukab Monazza

The aim of this research work was to evaluate the one bath dyeing of polyester/cotton blend and to compare the results with those of two bath dyeing. Polyester/cotton (50:50) blend fabrics were studied using dichlorotriazine based...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1191436
| Pages 113–119

Evaluation of Antibacterial Activity of Flax Fibres Against the Staphylococcus aureus Bacteria Strain

Authors: Zimniewska Malgorzata, Goślińska-Kuźniarek Olga

Flax fibres are known as favourable to human skin, and linen clothing positively influences  some physiological parameters, guaranteeing optimal comfort for users.  The advantages of linen are not only related to ensuring proper breathability for human...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1191439
| Pages 120–125

Antibacterial Activity of PLA Fibres Estimated by Quantitative Methods

Authors: Kaźmierczak Dorota, Guzińska Krystyna, Dymel Marzena

PLA fibres with the addition of the microbicidal agent Sanitized were examined by the two quantitative standards JIS L 1902:2002 and ASTM: E2149–01. It was found that the two different methods used to assess the antibacterial...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1191437
| Pages 126–130

Comparing Heuristic and Simulation Methods Applied to the Apparel Assembly Line Balancing Problem

Authors: Kayar Mahmut, Akalin Mehmet

In this study, general information on assembly line and simulation and researches on assembly line balancing are theoretically analysed. Afterward time studies with respect  to blouse production, which will be analysed in assembly line balancing, are...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1191438
| Pages 131–137

Key Variables in the Control of Lead Time  in Spinning Mills

Authors: Anand K. T., Rajan A. John, Narayanan K. V., Ramesh Bapu B. R.

An investigation of various factors which affect the lead time in spinning mills which produce 14.76 tex (40 Ne) carded yarns linear density is reported. For this study, data were collected from 27 mills producing 14.76...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1179078
| Pages 139–145

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