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Research on the Performance of a Drafting Device for the Four-Line Compact Spinning System

Research and development

Authors:

  • Su Xuzhong
    School of Textile & Clothing, Jiangnan University, WuXi, P. R. China
  • Su Xuzhong
    Key Laboratory of Eco-textiles, Ministry of Education, Jiangnan University, WuXi, P. R. China
  • Gao Weidong
    School of Textile & Clothing, Jiangnan University, WuXi, P. R. China
  • Gao Weidong
    Key Laboratory of Eco-textiles, Ministry of Education, Jiangnan University, WuXi, P. R. China
  • Liu Xinjin
    School of Textile & Clothing, Jiangnan University, WuXi, P. R. China
  • Liu Xinjin
    Key Laboratory of Science & Technology for Eco-Textiles, Education Ministry, JiangNan University, WuXi, P. R. China
  • Xie Chunping
    School of Textile & Clothing, Jiangnan University, WuXi, P. R. China
  • Xie Chunping
    Key Laboratory of Eco-textiles, Ministry of Education, Jiangnan University, WuXi, P. R. China
  • Xu Bojun
    School of Textile & Clothing, Jiangnan University, WuXi, P. R. China
  • Xu Bojun
    Key Laboratory of Eco-textiles, Ministry of Education, Jiangnan University, WuXi, P. R. China

Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1191426

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Abstract:

Compact spinning is one of the most important improvements of traditional ring spinning, which is implemented by adding a fibre condensing device to condense the fibre bundle and decrease the spinning triangle, thereby improving the qualities of yarn. Pneumatic compact spinning is the most widely used compact spinning method at present. Four-line compact spinning is one of the most important kinds of pneumatic compact spinning, which is implemented by using a Lattice apron to achieve fibre condensing, decrease the spinning triangle and improve the yarn qualities, especially reducing yarn hairiness. In this paper, the performances of drafting devices for Four-line compact spinning were studied. First the structure and performance of an SDDA2122PH pneumatic cradle equipped with a new kind of block top roller retaining bar were discussed and the pressure distribution of the cradle presented firstly. Then 7.3 tex T65/JC35 was spun on an EJM128K spinning frame equipped with an SDDA2122PH pneumatic cradle, the pressure distributions measured, and the spun yarn qualities were measured and analysed accordingly. Then the acting mechanism of three kinds of top pin: a common top pin without a press bar, a top pin with a front pressure bar, a top pin with a back pressure bar, with respect to yarn qualities was analysed firstly, and then JC 18.2 tex, JC60/T40 18.4 tex and T 18.4 tex yarns were spun on an EJM128K spinning frame equipped with different top pins. Then the qualities of the spun yarns were analysed according to the acting mechanism of the top pin. The results show that by using the new block top roller retaining bar, the pressure of the pneumatic cradle is larger and more stable, thereby improving the spun yarn’s comprehensive qualities. For cotton yarn, we can reduce yarn hairiness by using a top pin with a pressure bar; for chemical fibre and cotton blended yarn, yarn strength can be improved by using a top pin with a pressure bar, and for chemical fibre pure yarn, the usage of a top pin with a pressure bar is beneficial for improving yarn strength and evenness, but not for yarn hairiness and yarn thin and thick places.

Tags:

four-line compact spinning system, yarn quality, top pin, cradle, drafting  devices.

Citation:

Su X, Gao W, Liu X, Xie C, Xu B. Research on the Performance of a Drafting device for the Four-Line Compact Spinning System. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe  2016; 24, 2(116): 44-51. DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1191426

Published in issue no 2 (116) / 2016, pages 44–51.

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