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Durability Assessment of Functionally Printed Knitted Fabrics for T-Shirts

Research and development


  • Tomljenović Antoneta
    Department of Materials, Fibers and Textile Testing, Faculty of Textile Technology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Zjakić Igor
    Department of Printing, Faculty of Graphic Art., University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Rolich Tomislav
    Department of Basic Natural and Technical Sciences, Faculty of Textile Technology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia

Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1201142

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Knitted shirts are an appropriate carrier of easily readable information, and therefore, in recent years, QR Codes have been very often printed on T-shirts. With the purpose of investigating QR Code fastness printed on textiles, in this paper a methodology is proposed for the durability assessment of functionally printed knitted fabrics that includes the implementation of long-term care and wearing simulation - which the T-shirts are exposed to over their lifetime. Dimensional changes after multiple washing and drying cycles were determined for non-printed and functionally printed white knitting, as well as the abrasion resistance and tendency to surface pilling after multiple rubbing cycles. The effect of usage simulation on the functional print’s durability was defined, as well as the color fastness, readability and aesthetic properties. It was found that the structure of knitted fabrics, their dimensional stability, the number of care and wear cycles performed, the printing technique and size of black modules in the QR Code all have an influence on the results obtained.


printed textiles, knitted fabrics, T-shirt, durability, usage simulation, QR Code.


Tomljenović A, Zjakić I, Rolich T. Durability Assessment of Functionally Printed Knitted Fabrics for T-Shirts. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2016; 24, 4(118): 129-138. DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1201142

Published in issue no 4 (118) / 2016, pages 129–138.


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