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Inter-/Intra-Laminar Reinforced Hybrid Fibre Composites by Needle Punching and Thermal Bonding: Evaluation of Mechanical and Static Puncture Properties

Research and development

Authors:

  • Li Ting-Ting
    School of Textiles, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin, P. R. China
  • Li Ting-Ting
    Tianjin and Education Ministry Key Laboratory of Advanced Textile Composite Materials, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin, P. R. China
  • Wang Rui
    School of Textiles, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin, P. R. China
  • Lou Ching-Wen
    Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Material Science, Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taichung, Taiwan R. O. C.
  • Pan Yi-Jun
    Department of Materials and Textiles, Oriental Institute of Technology, NewTaipei City, Taiwan R. O. C.
  • Hsieh Chien-Teng
    Department of Fashion Design and Merchandising, Shih Chien University Kaohsiung Campus, Kaohsiung, Taiwan R. O. C.
  • Lin Jia-Horng
    School of Textiles, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin, P. R. China
  • Lin Jia-Horng
    Laboratory of Fibre Application and Manufacturing, Department of Fibre and Composite Materials, Feng Chia University, Taichung, Taiwan R. O. C.
  • Lin Jia-Horng
    School of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan R. O. C.
  • Lin Jia-Horng
    Department of Fashion Design, Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan R. O. C.

Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1201136

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Abstract:

This study comparatively presents the static puncture property of different structures of intra-/inter-laminar reinforced hybrid composites via needle punching and thermal bonding techniques. The tensile and bursting properties of two composites with inter-laminar reinforcement by needle-punching and inter-and-intra- laminar reinforcement by both needle punching and using Kevlar fibres were also evaluated comparatively. The significance of process parameters including the low-melting PET fibre content, take-up speed of the punching machine, the plied orientation between the nonwoven and fabric and thermal bonding on the static puncture resistance was firstly investigated to seek out the significant parameters. The effects of significant processing parameters on static puncture and mechanical properties were explored afterwards. The research result shows that the plied orientation, low-melting PET content and thermal bonding affect the static puncture resistance most significantly. The maximum tensile strength and bursting strength occurred when hybrid composites after thermal bonding were composed of parallel-plied nonwovens and 90°-orientated glass fabric, as well as 70 wt% low-melting PET fibres. Recycled Kevlar fibre reinforcement dissipates additional static puncture resistance, and makes the static puncture resistance higher, as well as the tensile and bursting strengths for resultant hybrid fibre composites. Employing recycled Kevlar fibres is economical for the fabrication of hybrid composites. Diversified economical hybrid composites will be applied as a wall interlayer or garment interlining in the future.

Tags:

hybrid composite, needle punching, thermal bonding, puncture, recycle.

Citation:

Li T-T, Wang R, Lou C-W, Pan Y-J, Hsieh C-T, Lin J-H. Inter-/Intra-Laminar Reinforced Hybrid Fibre Composites by Needle Punching and Thermal Bonding: Evaluation of Mechanical and Static Puncture Properties. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2016; 24, 4(118): 84-91. DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1201136

Published in issue no 4 (118) / 2016, pages 84–91.

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