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Issue 4 (112) / 2015

Title page       Contents
 

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Spontaneous Action and Everyday Practice in the Fashion Business

Authors: Patora-Wysocka Zofia

The specific nature of fashion industry change results in creativity and in the cyclical character of organisational processes that take place in the fashion business. Nevertheless routine activities are key factors in improving and maintaining everyday processes. This...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152700
| Pages 8–13

Chinese Textile Industry: Sustainable Development Challenges and Competitiveness issues in Economic Environment Dynamics

Authors: Dudin Mihail Nikolaevich, Lyasnikov Nikolaj Vasil’evich, Kahramanovna Dzhurabaeva Gulnora, Kuznecov Aleksandr Valer’evich

Contemporary geo-economic development is characterised by global transformation from the EU and Western countries, in general, towards the Asia-Pacific and East Asian concept, which will result in further evolution of the World System determined by the economies of the...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152704
| Pages 14–24

Research and development

Comparative Study of the Characteristics of Knitted Fabrics Produced from Recycled Fibres Employing the Chauvenet Criterion, Factorial Design and Statistical Analysis

Authors: Sanches Regina Aparecida, Takamune Karina Mitie, Guimarães Bárbara Maria, Seawright Raquel Alonso, Karam Jr Dib, Marcicano João Paulo Pereira, Sato Duarte Adriana Yumi, Dedini Franco Giuseppe

The raw material of a fabric has a substantial influence on its functional aspect. However, the fabrics used for clothing manufacture should offer comfort, protection, ease of maintenance, durability and aesthetics. This study aims to compare the properties...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152716
| Pages 19–24

Impact of Water in the Casting of Cellulosic Film from Ionic Liquid Solutions

Authors: Wawro Dariusz, Stęplewski Włodzimierz, Madaj Witold, Michud Anne, Hummel Michael, Sixta Herbert

This study addresses in detail the role of water in the consecutive steps of film forming: cellulose dissolution, regeneration and drying, and its impact on the mechanical properties of the cellulose film. Prehydrolysis kraft (PHK) pulp was subjected...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152718
| Pages 25–32

Numerical and Experimental Studies of Material Properties of Special - Purpose Material Twaron T750

Authors: Barnat Wiesław, Sokołowski Dariusz, Gieleta Roman, Bogusz Paweł

The subject of this paper is an attempt to define the fundamental constants of materials for special-purpose material - aramid dry faricTwaronT750. During research on this problem, tensile tests of dry fabric TwaronT750 were made on an Istron...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12363666.1152720
| Pages 33–38

Resilience and Deformability of Fused Textile Systems

Authors: Ancutiene Kristina, Strazdiené Eugenija, Krusinskiene Loreta

The aim of this research was to investigate the resilience properties of textile systems fused with different interlinings by applying the method of pendulum impact loading. For the investigations, four worsted outer fabrics and four interlinings were chosen....   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152721
| Pages 39–45

Analysis of Changes in the Internal Structure of PA6.6/PET Fabrics of Different Weave Patterns under Heat Treatment

Authors: Barburski Marcin, Góralczyk Michał, Snycerski Marek

Conveyor belts are widely used in almost all fields of industry, agriculture and architecture. They are also used in mines of raw materials and minerals, in the cement and lime industry, in paper and sugar mills, as well...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152722
| Pages 46–51

Study on Thermal Insulation Properties of Aluminised Aramid Fabrics

Authors: Cai Guangming, Wang Hao, Luo Zhenghua, Wang Xin

In order to prevent or minimise skin burn damage resulting from high temperature, a kind of thermal insulation composite fabric, the surface of which is aluminised, was developed. In this study, the thermal insulation properties of aluminised aramid...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152723
| Pages 52–56

Simplified Model for Predicting Fabric Thermal Resistance According to its Microstructural Parameters

Authors: Wei Ju, Xu Sijin, Liu Hao, Zheng Laijiu, Qian Yongfang

This paper presents a modified model to calculate the thermal resistance of woven and knitted fabrics according to the microstructural parameters. The model was established by analysing the heat transfer process in the simplified basic unit of the...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152725
| Pages 57–60

Lateral and Perpendicular Thermal Conductivity Measurement on Textile Double Layers

Authors: Felczak Mariusz, De Mey Gilbert, Więcek Bogusław, Michalak Marina

In this paper, the temperature distribution on a double layered fleece textile was measured experimentally with infrared thermography. A theoretical model based on the thin plate theory was to interpret the results measured. A two dimensional simulation of...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152728
| Pages 61–65

Optimization of Comfort Properties of Single Jersey Knitted Fabrics

Authors: Çoruh Ebru

The main goal of this study was to investigate the influence of the knitting structure, loop length, thigtness factor, fibre type and yarn properties on the mechanical and comfort properties of single jersey knitted fabrics. Four different blends...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152728
| Pages 66–72

Thermal Stability of Polyester Fabric with Polyacrylic Coatings

Authors: Nejman Alicja, Kamińska Irena, Giesz Patrycja, Cieślak Małgorzata

The aim of the study was to assess the thermal properties of polyester (PET) woven fabrics with unmodified (PET/AC) and flame-retardant modified (PET/AC/FR) polyacrylic coatings, before and after 1, 5, 10 & 15 washes. Differential scanning calorimetry DSC...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152734
| Pages 73–82

Influence of Metal Fibre Content of Blended Electromagnetic Shielding Fabric on Shielding Effectiveness Considering Fabric Weave

Authors: Liu Zhe, Zhang Yongheng, Rong Xing, Wang Xiuchen

There are few researches reported about the influence of the metal fibre content of blended electromagnetic shielding (EMS) fabric on shielding effectiveness (SE) under different fabric parameters. In order to scientifically describe the metal fibre content of blended...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1155635
| Pages 83–87

Biocidal Agent for Modification of Poly(lactic acid) High-efficiency Filtering Nonwovens

Authors: Majchrzycka Katarzyna, Brochocka Agnieszka, Brycki Bogumił

The article presents research on the development of modified poly(lactic acid) (PLA) melt-blown nonwovens for construction of respiratory protection devices (RPD) against biological hazards. Due to this specific application of nonwovens, a new biocidal agent was developed which fulfils...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152735
| Pages 88–95

Solvent Vapour-Sensitive Activated Carbon Submicrofibres Based on Electrospun Polyacrylonitrile Fibre Mat

Authors: Gliścińska Eulalia

Precursor polyacrylonitrile submicrofibres with a diameter of about 900 nm, electrospun from polyacrylonitrile/dimethyl sulfoxide (PAN/DMSO) solution, were carbonised and chemically activated. These submicrofibres, characterised by a porous structure more developed than in the case of standard fibres, were investigated...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152737
| Pages 96–102

Determination of the Risk of Head and Neck Injuries of the User of Bulletproof Helmets

Authors: Landwijt Marcin, Romek Robert

Introduction of more and more effective body ballistic shields, especially for head, allowed decreasing of the extent of injuries caused by projectiles and fragments. Application of modern materials (aramides, high molecular weight polyethylene) reduced the risk of projectile penetration...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152740
| Pages 103–108

Effect of Repeated Loading on Textile Rope and Webbing Characteristics in Personal Equipment Protecting Against Falls from a Height

Authors: Baszczyński Krzysztof

Horizontal anchor lines manufactured from fibre ropes and textile webbing are important elements of equipment protecting against falls from a height. Their mechanical properties determine the process of a fall arresting.The simultaneous use of some components of the protective...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152741
| Pages 110–118

Optimization of the Thickness of Layers within a Calender Shaft

Authors: Korycki Ryszard, Kapusta Henryk

Calenders are widely used in the textile industry to finish flat textile products. The main goal of the paper was to analyze the thermal phenomena within a calender shaft heated by oil and optimize the material thickness and...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152743
| Pages 119–126

Simulation Tests of the Feeding System Dynamics on a Warp Knitting Machine with Four Needle Bars

Authors: Michalak Andrzej, Kuchar Maciej, Mikołajczyk Zbigniew

The article describes simulation tests of the basic element forming a spacer knitted structure in a newly-designed warp knitting machine with 4 guide needle bars. It refers to a concept of forming 3D knitted fabrics already developed. In...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152744
| Pages 127–133

Antifungal Activity of Paper Modified with Ionic Liquids

Authors: Koziróg Anna, Wysocka-Robak Agnieszka, Przybysz Kazimierz

Paper is a material that is easily biodegradable. The most active group of microorganisms responsible for biodegradation processes affecting paper are moulds. In order to prevent this unfavorable impact, various methods are used, including biocides, which added to paper...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152745
| Pages 134–137

Biological Treatment of Post-Nanofiltration Concentrate of Real Textile Wastewater

Authors: Klepacz-Smółka Anna, Sójka-Ledakowicz Jadwiga, Ledakowicz Stanisław

The paper evaluates the different bioreactor systems in the treatment of real textile wastewater containing Reactive Red 120 dye concentrated in nanofiltration processes as well as real textile wastewater taken from a working factory. The two-stage sequential semi-fed batch...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152748
| Pages 138–143

General Information

CONTACT:

FIBRES & TEXTILES
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EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT
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