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Issue 2 (110) / 2015

Title page       Contents



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full text | Pages 4–7

Editor letter
Research and development

Application of FTNIR Spectroscopy for Evaluation of the Degree of Deacetylation of Chitosan Fibres

Authors: Biniaś Włodzimierz, Biniaś Dorota

Microporous dibutyrylchitin (DBC) fibres spun from DBC solution in ethyl alcohol were subjected to alkaline treatment in potassium hydroxide aqueous solutions. Alkaline treatment with a diluted KOH solution at room temperature causes a gradual decrease in the number...   more »

full text | references | Pages 10–18

Investigating the Strain State of Fibres Located on the Helical Line in Extended Yarn

Authors: Gafurov Jahongir K., Mardonov Batir M., Peerzada Mazhar H., Gafurov Kabul

In this paper, the strain state of fibres located along the helical line in an extended yarn has been investigated. The slippage and mutual displacement of fibres relative to the yarn for analysis of the strain state of...   more »

full text | references | Pages 19–24

Model for Simulating Yarn Unwinding from Packages

Authors: Praček Stanislav, Pušnik Nace, Simončič Barbara, Tavcer Petra Forte

Yarn unwinding from packages plays an essential role in many textile processes. The stability of unwinding has a direct influence on the efficiency of the textile processes in general and on the quality of the final products. Calculations...   more »

full text | references | Pages 25–32

Study on Woven Fabric Structure Using 3D Computer Image Analysis for In-Depth Identification of Thread Channels

Authors: Polipowski Mirosław, Więcek Piotr, Więcek Bogusław, Jasińska Izabela

A computer program - Textile3D to study the structure and identify the channels in woven fabrics in a 3D system was developed. Adaptation of a stand for computer image analysis was performed and a not-destructive method of testing...   more »

full text | references | Pages 33–39

Inverse Problem of Textile Material Design at Low Temperature Solved by a Hybrid Stochastic Algorithm

Authors: Weng Ming, Xu Dinghua, Zhou Xiaohong

The inverse problem of textile material design (IPTMD) aims to determine textile materials with optimum thermal conductivities for the thickness designed in terms of the thermal comfort requirements of the wearer. In this paper, an IPTMD is presented...   more »

full text | references | Pages 40–43

Experimental Investigation on the Compression Behaviours of 3D Angle‑interlock Woven Composites with Carbons Nanotube under High Strain Rates

Authors: Ma Pibo, Jiang Gaoming, Zhang Fa, Chen Qing, Miao Xahong, Cong Honglian

The compressive properties of 3D angle-interlock woven/epoxy resin composites with various carbon nanotube (CNTs) contents were investigated under quasi-static and high strain rate loading to evaluate the compressive failure modes, which were influenced by various CNT contents and different...   more »

full text | references | Pages 44–50

New Kind of Textile Transmission Line
with an Impedance of 50 Ohms

Authors: Leśnikowski Jacek

The article describes a new kind of textile transmission line which might be widely used, among others, in smart clothing. This line consists of a textile substrate in the form of fabric, sewn with paths made from electrically...   more »

full text | references | Pages 51–54

Effect of Textile Pretreatment Processes on the Signal Transferring Capability of Textile Transmission Lines

Authors: Kursun Bahadir Senem

Transmission lines in the textile structure are a path of supplying power or transmitting digital/analog signals to electronic components in a textronic system. The current experimental investigation concerned potential differences in the signal transferring capability of textile transmission lines...   more »

full text | references | Pages 55–62

Preparation of Microencapsulated Phase Change Materials by the Sol-gel Process and Its Application on Textiles

Authors: Liu Xiaoyan , Lou Yinghong

A kind of microencapsulated phase change materials (PCMs) based on a paraffin core and inorganic silica shell was designed to enhance thermal conductivity and phase change performance. These silica microcapsules were synthesised by using tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) as an inorganic...   more »

full text | references | Pages 63–67

Enhancing the Thermal Protective Performance of Firefighters' Protective Fabrics by Incorporating Phase Change Materials

Authors: Zhu Fang Long, Feng QianQian, Liu Rangtong, Yu Baogang, Zhou Yu

A composite fabric consisting of an outer shell, moisture barrier, thermal liner and comfort layer used for firefighters’ protective clothing, was incorporated with shape-stabilised phase change material (PCM) powder in order to improve the thermal protection capability provided by...   more »

full text | references | Pages 68–73

Effects of Heat Treatment on the Mechanical and Thermal Performance of Fabric Used in Firefighter Protective Clothing

Authors: Cui Zhiying, Cui Zhiying, Ma Chunjie, Lv Na

With excellent thermal stability and resistance, X-fiper® fabric has been applied in firefighter protective clothing. In this paper, X-fiper® fabric was subjected to heat treatment at 6.5 kW/m2 and 9.7 kW/m2 for durations between 0 to 30 min....   more »

full text | references | Pages 74–78

Aging of Polypyrrole Coated Fabrics Potted in Epoxy

Authors: Banaszczyk Jędrzej , Rybak Andrzej, Odziomek Mateusz

In this article the high temperature aging of epoxy pottedpolypyrrole coated polyester/nylon fabrics was investigated in order to assess whether they can be used in applications where temperature evaluation is common. A comparative analysis of various types...   more »

full text | references | Pages 79–83

Comparative Analysis of Impact Strength Tests of the Anti-Blow Multilayer Textile Lower Limb Protectors Devoted for the Police

Authors: Czerwiński Krzysztof, Fortuniak Krystyna, Obersztyn Ewa, Redlich Grażyna

The article features the requirements and testing methodology for the assessment of the impact strength of multilayer lower limb protectors designed for the police, described in “HOSDB Blunt Trauma Protector Standard for UK Police. Limb and Torso Protectors” and...   more »

full text | references | Pages 84–89

Use of Artificial Neural Networks for Modelling the Drape Behaviour of Woollen Fabrics Treated with Dry Finishing Processes

Authors: Kursun Bahadir Senem, Kalaoğlu Fatma, Jevšnik Simona, Eryuruk Selin Hanife , Saricam Canan

The relationship between fabric drape, low stress mechanical properties and finishing processes is relatively complex. This paper demonstrates the possibility of using artificial neural networks to identify the fabric drape of woollen fabrics treated with different dry finishing processes...   more »

full text | Pages 90–99

Simultaneous Dyeing and Antibacterial Finishing of Nylon Fabric Using Acid Dyes and Colloidal Nanosilver

Authors: Montazer Majid , Mozaffari Abolfazl, Alimohammadi Farbod

The simultaneous finishing and dyeing of nylon fabric were investigated through exhaustion using acid dye and colloidal silver nanoparticles to obtain colored nylon with antimicrobial properties. The antimicrobial property of the fabrics was evaluated against two pathogenic bacteria including...   more »

full text | references | Pages 100–106

Novel Bleaching of Linen Fabrics Using Ultraviolet Irradiation

Authors: Perincek Seher, Duran Kerim, Korlu Aysegul E.

The bleaching of greige linen woven fabric using ultraviolet irradiation on hydrogen peroxide impregnated samples was studied. The effect of a photoinitiator, sodium hydroxide, sodium peroxydisulphate for hydrogen peroxide, the irradiation time and distance between the fabric and ultraviolet...   more »

full text | references | Pages 107–115

Evaluation of a Garment Fit Model Using AHP

Authors: Jevšnik Simona, Kalaoğlu Fatma, Eryuruk Selin Hanife , Bizjak Matejka, Stjepanovič Zoran

Garment fit on a body model is an important factor for designing comfortable, functional and well fitting garments. Nowadays the virtual prototyping of garments provides high potential for design, product development and marketing processes. Previous examinations of garment fit...   more »

full text | references | Pages 116–122

Influence of Polypropylene Fibre Geometry on the Mechanical Properties of Cement Mortars

Authors: Broda Jan, Brachaczek Waclaw

In this study, fibrillated polypropylene fibres and fibres with a round and five-arm star cross section were produced. The fibres were chopped to specified lengths and used for the reinforcement of cement mortars. Mortars containing different dosages of...   more »

full text | references | Pages 123–129

Replica of Folk Cloth on a Contemporary Loom

Authors: Kovačević Stana, Hađina Josip, Mudrovcic Alena

The principle of making a woven fabric with an ethnic motif according to a costume design from Posavina, Croatia, is described. The specificities and complexities of making these fabrics on weaving looms are described. One way of replicating...   more »

full text | references | Pages 130–136

Study on the Wicking Property of Cotton Fabric

Authors: Zhu Guocheng, Militky Jiri, Wang Yan, Sundarlal Bele Vijay, Křemenaková Dana

In order to study the heat and moisture comfort, the wicking property of textiles has been used as an important and effective index. In this paper, the wicking behaviour of cotton fabric in the warp and weft directions...   more »

full text | references | Pages 137–140

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Editor-in-Chief Bogdan Mac, V-ce Editor-in-Chief Marta Cyrczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editors Emilia Jaszczurska, Anna Wahl, Typesetting Media-Press • Production IBWCh