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Issue 3 (111) / 2015

Title page       Contents
 

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Investigation of Dimensional Changes During Garment Production and Suggestions for Solutions 

Authors: Kalkanci Mihriban, Kurumer Gülseren

Dimensional change problems experienced in textile products have always been an important subject and in the focus of attention. Today it is expected that dimensional changes in fabrics, the basic material of textile products, must range within certain...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1151688
| Pages 8–13

Research and development

Comparison of Selected Properties of Eco-Friendly Soybean and Other Fibres

Authors: Yilmaz Demet, Karaboyaci Mustafa, Kiliç Handan, Kitapçi Kübra, Yelkovan Sinem

Biodegradable and sustainable products are being employed to make contributions to efforts concerning environmental protection and the reduction of oil consumption. Biodegradable fibres present a simple and notable opportunity for providing sustainable textiles. Soybean fibre is a kind of...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1151694
| Pages 14–24

Novel and Efficient Method to Reduce the Jute Fibre Prickle Problem

Authors: Duan Ling, Yu Weidong

The physical especially bending properties of jute fibres treated with dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) were studied in this work. To the knowledge of these authors, the influence of DMSO treatment on the prickle properties of jute fibres has not...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1151702
| Pages 25–32

Evaluation of the Effect of the Tillage System and Weed Control on the Yield of Flax Fibre and Its Quality

Authors: Mańkowski Jerzy, Pudełko Krzysztof

Fibrous flax, despite its many different uses, is currently growing within a relatively small area, mainly because of the low production margin. This study shows possible approaches to the reduce production costs of flax fibre by 424 PLN...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1151708
| Pages 33–37

Study of Structure of Polypropylene Microfibres Modified with Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

Authors: Fabia Janusz, Janicki Jarosław, Ślusarczyk Czesław, Rom Monika, Graczyk Tadeusz, Gawłowski Andrzej

The paper presented is concerned with studies of a supermolecular structure and its transformation during the process of drawing new composite microfibres obtained from isotactic polypropylene (iPP) – as a matrix and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) used as the...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1151773
| Pages 38–44

Formation and Properties of Textile Biocomposites with PLA Matrix Reinforced with Flax and Flax/PLA Weft Knitted Fabrics

Authors: Adomavičiūtė Erika, Baltušnikaite Julija, Baltušnikaite Julija, Jonaitienė Vaida, Stanys Sigitas

Eco-friendly textile biocomposites with PLA matrix reinforced with flax and flax/PLA weft knitted fabrics without any additional chemical treatment were prepared in this study. Five different kinds of samples were manufactured and investigated: (i) pure PLA sheet...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1151886
| Pages 45–50

Cotton Fibre-to-Yarn Engineering: A Simulated Annealing Approach

Authors: Das Subhasis, Ghosh Anindya

In this paper we undertake to engineer yarn of predefined strength by choosing suitable raw material and process parameters. In an attempt to achieve a yarn of optimal strength, the constrained optimisation problem is formulated with the relation...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152442
| Pages 51–53

Research on the Compact-Siro Spun Yarn Structure

Authors: Su Xuzhong, Gao Weidong, Liu Xinjin, Xie Chunping, Xu Bojun , Su Xuzhong, Gao Weidong, Liu Xinjin, Xie Chunping, Xu Bojun

Compact-Siro spinning technology is one of the most widely used spinning methods. It is conducted on a compact ring frame by simultaneously feeding two rovings into the drafting zone at a predetermined separation. In fact, Compact-Siro spinning incorporates...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152447
| Pages 54–57

Influence of the Yarn Formation Process on the Characteristics of Viscose Fabric Made of Vortex Coloured Spun Yarns

Authors: Zou ZhuanYong

In this study, based on the Box-Behnken design, regression statistical analysis is introduced to evaluate the influence of yarn formation process variables (nozzle pressure, yarn delivery speed and yarn count) on the properties (breaking strength, air permeability rate,...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152467
| Pages 58–63

Effect of Traffic Exposure on Toughness Characteristics of Hand-Knotted Carpets

Authors: Tabatabaei Seyed Mahmoud, Ghane Mohammad

Compression performance is a major factor in determining the life wear of each carpet. The toughness of the pile surface, as one of the compression properties of carpets, changes when exposed to wear in use. The main aim...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152483
| Pages 64–68

Sensitivity of the Heat and Mass Transport System Within Neonate Clothing

Authors: Korycki Ryszard

The global model of heat and mass transport is determined by means of the heat balance with a term describing evaporation of sweat. Heat is supplied by metabolic heat production and lost by means of different phenomena within...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152495
| Pages 69–75

Surface Roughness Assessment of Woven Fabrics Using Fringe Projection Moiré Techniques

Authors: Ezazshahabi Nazanin, Tehran Mohammad Amani, Latifi Masoud, Madanipour Khosro

In this paper, a new approach is proposed for characterizing the surface roughness of woven fabrics. This approach is based on the fringe projection moiré techniques and analysis of the moiré pattern, which is caused by the interaction...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152508
| Pages 76–84

Real-Time Denim Fabric Inspection Using Image Analysis

Authors: Çelik Halil Ibrahim, Topalbekitoglu Mehmet, Dülger L. Canan

In spite of using modern weaving technology, many types of fabric defects occur during production. Most defects arising in the production process of a fabric are still detected by human inspection. A machine vision system that can be...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152514
| Pages 85–90

Evaluation of Sewed Thread Consumption of Jean Trousers Using Neural Network and Regression Methods

Authors: Jaouachi Boubaker, Jaouachi Boubaker, Khedher F.

This paper deals with the prediction of the sewing thread consumption of jean trousers using the neural network technique. The neural network results and analysis are discussed and investigated. Indeed the findings show that neural network consumption values...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152518
| Pages 91–96

Low Velocity Impact Behaviour of Aramid and UHMWPE Composites

Authors: Karahan Mehmet, Yildirim Kenan

The most popular method to produce composites for ballistic applications is to use aramid and ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) fibers as reinforcement materials in different matrices. The composite materials used in this type of application, especially those...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152522
| Pages 97–105

Novel Colour Clustering Method for Interlaced Multi-colored Dyed Yarn Woven Fabrics

Authors: Zhang Jie, Xin Binjie, Shen Cuicui, Fang Heng, Cao Yanjuan

In this paper, a novel colour clustering method based on the K-means clustering algorithm is developed for interlaced multi-coloured dyed yarn woven fabrics which can be used to sort the colour of the dyed yarn for the development...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152535
| Pages 107–114

New Eco-Friendly Method of Cellulosic Product Bleaching with Simultaneous Disinfection

Authors: Sójka-Ledakowicz Jadwiga, Walawska Anetta, Filipowska Barbara, Lewartowska Joanna, Olczyk Joanna, Kiwała Magdalena

In this article, a bleaching method with simultaneous disinfection using hydrogen peroxide in the gas phase (Vaporised Hydrogen Peroxide - VHP) is presented as an innovative, environmentally friendly, low-temperature method without wastewater generation. After the process, the cellulose products...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152541
| Pages 115–119

Synthesis of Silver Mono- and Di-Carboxylates and Investigation of their Usage Possibility in Textiles as an Antibacterial Agent

Authors: Yildiz Aylin, Atav Riza, Oztas Merve, Ağirgan A. Özgür, Gülen Dumrul, Aydin Mine, Yeşilyurt Murat, Kaya A. Demet

The study aims to examine the antibacterial efficiency of cotton fabrics loaded with silver cyclo hexane mono or di carboxylates (silver naphthenates). After the synthesis of silver naphthenates, their chemical structures were analysed with spectrophotometric methods (IR and NMR)....   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152550
| Pages 120–125

Modified Cellulose Products for Application in Hygiene and Dressing Materials (Part I)

Authors: Brzoza-Malczewska Kinga, Kucharska Magdalena, Wiśniewska-Wrona Maria, Guzińska Krystyna, Ulacha-Bacciarelli Anna

Modification of commercial cellulose products commonly used in homes and hospitals was the main purpose of the research herein presented. Enhanced moisture sorption and antimicrobial properties were conferred upon regular commercial gauze. Nanoparticles of microcrystalline chitosan and complex chitosan/alginateNa/Ca...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152554
| Pages 126–132

Understanding Textiles - from Artist to Spectator

Authors: Cybulska Maria

The appearance of textiles, which by common perception is their main attribute, is shaped by many different factors, such as the raw material, ornamentation and structure, both as an external form and a manner of connecting fibers and...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1152558
| Pages 133–140

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