Where you are: Home pageYear 2015Issue 6 (114)

Issue 6 (114) / 2015

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Comparative Advantage of Textiles  and Clothing: Evidence for Top Exporters  in Eastern Europe

Authors: Yilmaz Nazire Deniz, Karaalp-Orhan Hacer Simay

The comparative advantage and intra-industry trade of five countries: Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Turkey, are analyzed in the global textile and clothing markets by employing Balassa’s revealed comparative advantage (RCA) index and intraindustry...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1167411
| Pages 8–13

Policy of Active Support for Modern Design and Fashion in the Textile and Clothing Sector and Its Influence on Regional Competitiveness (in the Global, European, and Regional Contexts)

Authors: Wysokińska Zofia

In order to compete on the European and global markets firms must not only offer highquality products, they must also offer innovative and attractive designs of their products. Every firm which wishes to compete in...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1167412
| Pages 14–22

Research and development

Material Characterization of Roselle Fibre (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) as Potential Reinforcement Material for Polymer Composites

Authors: Nadlene R., Nadlene R., Sapuan S. M. , Sapuan S. M. , Jawaid M., Ishak M. R. , Ishak M. R. , Ishak M. R. , Yusriah L.

Recently, in line with rising environmental concerns, researchers are now replacing synthetic fibres with natural ones as the main component in composites. Natural fibres are preferred  to synthetic fibres because of several advantages such as...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1167413
| Pages 23–30

Physicochemical and Mechanical Properties of Different Morphological Parts of the Tea Tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) Fibres

Authors: Jammy Rodney , Jammy Rodney , Sahari Japar, Mohd Shah Mohd Kama

Tea tree fibres as underutilised fibres were investigated physically, chemically and mechanically. From this study, it was found  that the tea tree leaf (TTL) had the highest density  - 0.42 g/cm3, and  the highest percentage...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1167414
| Pages 31–36

Nature Cellulose Fibre Extracted  from Different Cotton Stalk Sections  by Degumming

Authors: Li Long, Zhao Linghang

Bast fibres are important because they have biodegradable and eco-friendly characteristics. In this paper, natural cellulose fibre extracted from cotton stalk by degumming was investigated. On the basis on the chemical propertiess of cotton stalk...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1167415
| Pages 37–40

Antioxidant Activity of Fibres Originating  from Traditional Varieties of Polish Flax Plants

Authors: Zimniewska Malgorzata

This paper describes the examination of raw flax fibres in terms of their antioxidant activity. Fibres originating from five varieties of flax plants cultivated in Poland: Artemida, Modran, Sara, Nike and Luna were extracted with...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1167418
| Pages 41–47

Formation and Antibacterial Property Analysis of Electrospun PVA Nonwoven Material  with a Small Amount of Silver Nanoparticles

Authors: Pupkevičiūtė Solveiga , Adomavičiūtė Erika, Pavilonis Alvydas , Stanys Sigitas, Prosyčevas Igoris

Electrospinning is a process which produces nonwoven material from nano/microfibres. The aim of this study was to electrospin poly(vinyl alcohol) nano/microfibres material with small amount of silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs), and estimate the influence of Ag-NPs...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1167419
| Pages 48–54

Evaluation of the Correlation between  the Structure and Quality of Compact  Blend Yarns

Authors: Li Wei, Su Xuzhong, Zhang Yu, Xie Chunping, Wei Qufu

Pneumatic compact spinning is the most widely used compact spinning technology at present, which is implemented by using negative airflow to condense the fibre bundle and decrease the spinning triangle. Roller-type and Lattice apron-type compact...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1167421
| Pages 55–67

Development of a Weaving Method for Spatial Two-Layer Innovative Structure Linen Fabric

Authors: Kumpikaitė Eglė, Kot Liucina , Vizbaras Mindaugas

During the global technological progress, including in the textile field, it has become necessary to look for innovative solutions to make fabric designs that can be characterised by special texture and relief, as well as...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1167422
| Pages 68–71

Dynamic behaviour of Various Fibre Systems During Impact Interaction – Numerical Approach

Authors: Baranowski Paweł , Małachowski Jerzy , Niezgoda Tadeusz , Mazurkewicz Łukasz

The paper presented shows a part of investigations covering the contact problem in numerical modelling using an explicit code. The authors have  outlined the parameters and factors that have a direct impact on a proper...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1167423
| Pages 72–81

Analysis of the Mechanical Properties  of Woven Fabrics from Glass and Basalt Yarns

Authors: Kovačević Stana, Brnada Snježana, Dobnik-Dubrovski Polona

Among many other materials for the reinforcement of composites, technical fabrics are increasingly being used for the same purpose, especially from glass and basalt tows, which have good mechanical properties.. During tensile stress these fabrics are...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1167424
| Pages 83–91

1D and 2D Shape Descriptors Applied  in Fabric Drape Computer Simulation

Authors: Gabrijelčič Tomc Helena, Hladnik Aleš

Fabric drape simulations accomplished by computer graphics software can provide  the basis for effective communication among designers, manufacturers and other players in the apparel industry. The goal of our study was to investigate various 1D...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1167425
| Pages 92–101

Structural Changes in Fibrous Ballistic Materials During PACVD Modification

Authors: Struszczyk Marcin H., Urbaniak–Domagała Wiesława, Puszkarz Adam K., Wilbik-Hałgas Bożena, Cichecka Magdalena, Sztajnowski Sławomir , Puchalski Michał, Miklas Michał, Krucińska Izabella

The modification of  specialized textiles including ballistic textiles by an effective and ecological technique is the main objective for screening the optimal way to obtain multi-functionalised products. The aim of the research was to optimise...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1167426
| Pages 102–115

Low-Formaldehyde Hydrophobic Cum Crease Resistant Finishing of Woven Silk Fabric

Authors: Raza Zulfiqar Ali, Anwar Faiza

In the present study, a low-formaldehyde based hydrophobic cum crease resistant finishing of woven silk fabric was developed with a comparison of three commercially available cross-linkers (i.e., Knittex RCT®, Fixapret ECO® and Reaknitt EC®). The...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1167428
| Pages 116–119

Assessment of Eco-Friendly Natural Antimicrobial Textile Finish Extracted from Aloe Vera and Neem Plants

Authors: Khurshid Muhammad Furqan, Ayyoob Muhammad, Asad Muhammad, Shah Syed Nisar Hussain

The aim of the present work was to assess an eco friendly natural antimicrobial textile finish extracted from Aloe gel and Neem plants. Extracted Aloe gel and active substance of Neem were mixed in a...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1172176
| Pages 120–123

Antifungal Microcapsules of Ethyl Cellulose by Solvent Evaporation and Their Application to Cotton Fabric

Authors: Erkan Gökhan, Sarıışık Merih

In this study two antifungal pharmaceutical agents, terbinafine and ketoconazole, were microencapsulated by solvent evaporation. Two types of ethyl cellulose with different viscosity values were used. Microcapsules were evaluated by X-ray diffractometry, DSC, FTIR and...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1167430
| Pages 125–130

Numerical Study of the Effect of a Natural Convective Boundary Layer around  the Human Body on the Transfer of Heat through a Textile Structure

Authors: Angelova Radostina A., de Bujanda Carasusán Javier Martínez, Stankov Peter, Kyosov Miroslav

Heat losses from the human body occur through a barrier of one or more textile layers with particular permeability, thermal insulation, water absorption abilities, etc. The convective boundary layer (CBL) around the clothed body is...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1167431
| Pages 131–137

Preliminary Evaluation of Airlaid Nonwovens with Superabsorbent for Use in Protective Footwear: Tests Involving a Thermal Foot Model and Climatic Chamber

Authors: Irzmańska Emilia , Dutkiewicz Jacek

The paper presents preliminary results of simulation studies evaluating moisture absorption from the air that indicate the possibility of applying a superabsorbent polymer (SAP) in the construction of protective footwear insoles. The performance of different...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1167432
| Pages 138–142

Chemical Purity of Biodegradable Medical-Grade Fibres of Aliphatic Copolyesters

Authors: Gzyra-Jagieła Karolina, Jóźwicka Jolanta, Gutowska Agnieszka, Twarowska-Schmidt Krystyna, Ciechańska Danuta

Fibres prepared on an experimental scale from biodegradable copolyester of glycolide and lactide (PLGA) and from PLGA with the addition of 9% of atactic poly([R,S]-3-hydroxybutyrate (PLGA+a-PHB) were characterised to assess their possible use in the...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1167433
| Pages 143–149

Impact of Male Body Posture  and Shape on Design and Garment Fit

Authors: Petrak Slavenka , Mahnic Maja , Rogale Dubravko

This paper presents a study of the impact of body posture and the presence of functional and structural body changes on garment fit. 3D scanning on a sample of 50 male test subjects was performed....   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1167435
| Pages 150–158

Optimisation of Selected Components  of a Roller Carding Machine in the Aspect  of Improving their Cooperation Quality

Authors: Danielczyk Piotr, Stadnicki Jacek

The quality of web produced by a carding machine is largely influenced by the shape and height of the gaps between card clothings of workers and the doffer cooperating with  the main cylinder as well...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1167436
| Pages 159–165


in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 19/27 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Str., 90-570 Łódź, Poland e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl; ftee@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT