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Issue 1 (109) / 2015

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Supplier Selection for Mixed-Model Production: A Case Study from the Apparel Industry

Authors: Stojanov Todor, Ding Xuemei

The mass-customization trend as flexible production philosophy has been adopted by many industries as a reaction to the fast changing customer demand environment. In relation to that mixed-model production (MMP) is a possibility for increasing flexibility, especially in the...   more »

full text | Pages 8–12

Current State of Pre-Consumer Apparel Waste Management in Macedonia

Authors: Jordeva Sonja, Tomovska Elena, Trajković Dušan, Zafirova Koleta

Effective utilisation of textile waste requires an accurate prediction of the quality of waste generated. Textile waste in Macedonia mainly consists of apparel cuttings. The aim of this research was to characterize the apparel cuttings waste, define the...   more »

full text | Pages 13–16

Research and development

Characteristic and Application of Knop Fancy Yarns

Authors: Grabowska Katarzyna Ewa, Ciesielska-Wróbel Izabela Luiza

Apart from the simplest division into continuous and point effects, the classification of fancy yarns does not exist. There is also no published complex guide concerning technological aspects of the production of fancy yarns. The elaboration of such...   more »

full text | Pages 17–25

Study on the Structure and Properties of Viscose/Wool Powder Blended Fibre

Authors: Li Wenbin, Ke Guizhen, Li Gaowen, Xu Weilin

Viscose/wool powder blended fibres with 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20% wool powder were produced with the method of wet spinning. SEM, FT-IR spectroscopy, WAXD and TG analysis were used to study the chemical composition and structure of...   more »

full text | Pages 26–29

Structure and Properties of Modified Flax Yarn with Collagen

Authors: Sui Zhihuie, Pang Weiwei, Wei Yujiao, Song Jia

The structure and property changes of collagen modified flax yarn were investigated in order to improve the usability of flax yarn. First flax yarn was treated with sodium hydroxide solution and next with chloroacetic acid to get carboxymethyl...   more »

full text | Pages 30–34

Measuring Thread Densities of Woven Fabric Using the Fourier Transform

Authors: Pan Ruru, Gao Weidong, Li Zhongjian, Gou Jie, Zhang Jie, Zhu Dandan

To replace time-consuming and lab-intensive of manual inspection, a Fourier transform is proposed to detect the thread densities of woven fabric in this paper. First, theories of the Fourier transform, yarn image reconstruction and the threshold method are...   more »

full text | Pages 35–40

Application of Artificial Neural Networks to Predict the Air Permeability of Woven Fabrics

Authors: Matusiak Małgorzata

Air permeability is one of the most important utility properties of textile materials as it influences air flow through textile material. Air permeability plays a significant role in textiles for clothing due to their influence on physiological comfort....   more »

full text | Pages 41–48

Argon Plasma in a New Process for Improving the Physical and Anti-bacterial Properties of Crosslinked Cotton Cellulose with Dimethyloldihydroxyethyleneurea-Maleic Acid

Authors: Tsou Chi-Hui, Tsou Chi-Hui, Tsou Chi-Hui, Suen Maw-Cherng, Tsou Chih-Yuan, Chen Jui-Chin, Yeh Jen-Taut, Lin Shang-Ming, Lai Yu-Ching, Hwang Jing-Zhong, Huang Shu-Hsieng, Hung Wei-Song, Hu Chien-Chieh, Lee Kueir-Rarnh, Lai Juin-Yih

This study reports the findings of an argon (Ar) plasma treatment added to the traditional pad-dry-cure process between dry and cure treatments. This new process is called the "paddry-plasma-cure process". The crosslinking agent was a mixture of...   more »

full text | Pages 49–56

3D Simulation of Warp Knitted Structures with a New Algorithm Based on NURBS

Authors: Xu Hai-Yan, Xu Hai-Yan, Chen Nan-Liang, Jiang Jin-Hua, Jin Ling-Xiao, Wang Ze-Xing

In order to obtain a three-dimensional computer simulation of warp knitted structures with more flexibility and realism, a new algorithm using Matlab was developed by NURBS based on empirical geometrical loop models. With the principles of NURBS curves,...   more »

full text | Pages 57–60

Stereovision System for 3D Analysis of the Geometrical Properties of Fabrics

Authors: Więcek Piotr, Polipowski Mirosław, Więcek Bogusław

In this paper, a stereovision system for measuring the geometrical properties of fabrics is presented. Measurement of the parameter of spacings between the yarns is the main application of the system proposed. The algorithms implemented are described in...   more »

full text | Pages 61–67

Vibrations of a Rotating System Containing a Textile Element

Authors: Zajączkowski Jerzy

The study examined the behaviour of a rotating system containing a textile element. A mathematical model is formulated and a numerical investigation is performed. It has been found that the layer of fibres limits the mass motion and...   more »

full text | Pages 68–70

Analysis of the Creep Properties of Nonwoven Fabric with Mechanical Models

Authors: Gao Xiaoping, Chen Hongxia, Sun Shiyuan

Since nonwoven fabric is widely used in the application of high performance geotextiles, its creep behaviour is essential to be evaluated. In this paper, the creep response of nonwven fabric was studied by using four mechanical models including...   more »

full text | Pages 72–76

Experimental Investigation on the Impact Behaviour of Composite Laminate

Authors: Azzam Ahmed, Azzam Ahmed, Li Wei

The impact response of a composite laminate structure was investigated by subjecting several stacking sequences of a composite laminate structure to low velocity impact loading using a Drop-Weight Machine (CEAST 9350 drop tower) and three-point bending using an electronic...   more »

full text | Pages 77–84

Hybrid Ceramic-Textile Composite Armour Structures for a Strengthened Bullet-Proof Vest

Authors: Cegła Marcin, Habaj Wiesław, Stępniak Wiesław, Podgórzak Paweł

The article presents the problem of protection against 5.7 × 28 mm SS190 projectiles with increased penetration capabilities. Due to the hybrid structure of the projectile, SS190 ammunition is a considerable danger to traditional, commonly used bulletproof vests...   more »

full text | Pages 85–88

Ballistic Helmet Development Using UHMWPE Fibrous Materials

Authors: Fejdyś Marzena, Łandwijt Marcin, Habaj Wiesław, Struszczyk Marcin H.

The main aim of the work was to develop a hybrid bullet- and fragment proof helmet protecting the user’s head against small arm ammunition and fragments as well as mechanical impacts. In the construction of the shell, the...   more »

full text | Pages 89–97

Bio-innovation in Cotton Fabric Scouring - Acid and Neutral Pectinases

Authors: Pušić Tanja, Tarbuk Anita, Dekanić Tihana

Using biotechnology during textile processing has been known for years due to its environmental benefits and special performance of enzymes in comparison with the conventional processing of textiles. This paper deals with the bioscouring of cotton fabric with acid...   more »

full text | Pages 98–103

Impact of Dry Cleaning on the Electromagnetic Shield Characteristics of Interlining Fabric

Authors: Šaravanja Bosiljka, Malarić Krešimir, Pušić Tanja, Ujević Darko

The research deals with the protective properties of sewn interlining fabric (IF) intended for pockets of jackets, trousers and other garments in order to protect the user from the harmful effects of microwave radiation from mobile devices. The...   more »

full text | Pages 104–108

Enzymatic Polishing and Reactive Dyeing of Cotton Fabric in One Bath

Authors: Wang Ping, Hong Yanqing, Ding Yajing, Cui Li, Yuan Jiugang, Wang Qiang, Fan Xuerong

Cellulase has the ability to remove fuzz-fibres from cellulosic textiles, which endows fabric with a glabrous appearance and soft handle. In this paper, the combined uses of bio-polishing and reactive dyeing in one bath were carried out, aiming...   more »

full text | Pages 109–113

Antibacterial Air Filter Nonwovens Modified by Poly(Lactide) Microspheres Containing Triclosan

Authors: Goetzendorf-Grabowska Bogna, Polus Zenon, Kiwała Magdalena, Karaszewska Agnieszka, Kamińska Irena, Mączka Iwona

The paper analyses the properties of filter nonwovens modified with triclosan-containing microspheres in order to obtain antibacterial effects. The carrier of triclosan consists of microspheres made of degraded polylactide (PLA) that gradually releases triclosan, providing a uniform dosing of...   more »

full text | Pages 114–119

Dyeing of Textile Fabrics with Bio-dyes

Authors: Sójka-Ledakowicz Jadwiga, Olczyk Joanna, Polak Jolanta, Grąz Marcin, Jarosz-Wilkołazka Anna

EU directives define in detail guidelines which modern industrial technologies should meet in order to eliminate or minimise their share in contaminating the natural environment. Reducing energy and water consumption, and restricting the use of hazardous substances in the...   more »

full text | Pages 120–125

General Information


in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 19/27 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Str., 90-570 Łódź, Poland e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl; ftee@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT