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Argon Plasma in a New Process for Improving the Physical and Anti-bacterial Properties of Crosslinked Cotton Cellulose with Dimethyloldihydroxyethyleneurea-Maleic Acid

Research and development

Authors:

  • Tsou Chi-Hui
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan R. O. C.
  • Tsou Chi-Hui
    R&D Center for Membrane Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, Chung Yuan University, Chung-Li, Taiwan R. O. C.
  • Tsou Chi-Hui
    Department of Materials and Textiles, Oriental Institute of Technology, Pan-Chiao, Taiwan R. O. C.
  • Suen Maw-Cherng
    Department of Creative Fashion Design, Taoyuan Innovation Institute of Technology, Jhongli, Taiwan R. O. C.
  • Tsou Chih-Yuan
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan R. O. C.
  • Chen Jui-Chin
    Department of Materials and Textiles, Oriental Institute of Technology, Pan-Chiao, Taiwan R. O. C.
  • Yeh Jen-Taut
    Key Laboratory for the Green Preparation and Application of Functional Materials, Ministry of Education, Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Hubei University, Wuhan, P. R. China
  • Lin Shang-Ming
    Department of Materials and Textiles, Oriental Institute of Technology, Pan-Chiao, Taiwan R. O. C.
  • Lai Yu-Ching
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan R. O. C.
  • Hwang Jing-Zhong
    Department of Chemistry, Nano-tech Research Center, Tamkang University, Tamsui, Taiwan R. O. C.
  • Huang Shu-Hsieng
    Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, National Ilan University, I-Lan, Taiwan R. O. C.
  • Hung Wei-Song
    R&D Center for Membrane Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, Chung Yuan University, Chung-Li, Taiwan R. O. C.
  • Hu Chien-Chieh (j/w)
  • Lee Kueir-Rarnh (j/w)
  • Lai Juin-Yih (j/w)

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Abstract:

This study reports the findings of an argon (Ar) plasma treatment added to the traditional pad-dry-cure process between dry and cure treatments. This new process is called the "paddry-plasma-cure process". The crosslinking agent was a mixture of dimethyloldihydroxyethyleneurea (DMDHEU) and maleic acid (MA). Results show that Ar plasma treatment can increase the bonded crosslinking agent (i.e., the nitrogen content). The dry crease recovery angle (DCRA), wet crease recovery angle (WCRA), and tensile strength retention (TSR) of the pad-dry-plasma-cure finished fabrics were higher than those of traditional pad-dry-cure finished fabrics at a given nitrogen content. Additionally it was found that the number of crosslinks per anhydroglucose unit (CL/AGU) and the length of crosslinks of pad-dry-plasma-cure-finished fabrics were higher than that of traditional pad-dry-cure finished fabrics at the same resin concentration in the pad bath. DCRA, WCRA and TSR values of pad-dry-plasma-cure-finished fabrics were higher than those of pad-dry-curefinished fabrics at the same CL/AGU value. However, activation energies for the pad-dryplasma-cure process were higher than those for the pad-dry-cure process. The anti-bacterial ability and odour absorption of the pad-dry-plasma-cure and pad-dry-plasma-cure finished fabrics were higher than those for the pad-dry-cure finished fabrics. The surface distribution of crosslinking agents for the pad-dry-plasma-cure process was higher than that of the pad-dry-cure process. Thus the pad-dry-plasma-cure process is excellent for improving the physical properties, bacterial inhibition, and odour absorption of finished cotton fabrics and for decreasing their formaldehyde release.

Tags:

cotton, plasma, antibacterial, crosslinking, crosslink length, crosslinks number per anhydroglucose, surface distribution, odour absorption.

Citation:

Tsou C-H, Suen M-C, Tsou C-Y, Chen J-C, Yeh J-T, Lin S-M, Lai Y-C, Hwang J-Z, Huang S-H, Hung W-S, Hu C-C, Lee K-R, Lai J-Y. Argon Plasma in a New Process for Improving the Physical and Anti-bacterial Properties of Crosslinked Cotton Cellulose with Dimethyloldihydroxyethyleneurea-Maleic Acid. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2015; 23, 1(109): 49-56.

Published in issue no 1 (109) / 2015, pages 49–56.

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