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Issue 6 (108) / 2014

Title page       Contents
 

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Applying Different Heuristic Assembly Line Balancing Methods in the Apparel Industry and their Comparison

Authors: Kayar Mahmut, Akyalçin Öykü Ceren

The problem of assembly line balancing is extremely important for apparel companies. It indicates the necessity of a well-balanced assembly line since the process of the production of clothes is complicated and it consists of many processes. A...   more »

full text | Pages 8–19

Strategy Development and Assessment via Scenarios for the Turkish Apparel Industry

Authors: Saricam Canan, Polat Seckin, Cassill Nancy L., Kalaoğlu Fatma

The Turkish textile and apparel industry is losing ground as a global player. This forces it to make a careful future analysis to determine the road map ahead and to develop appropriate strategies. Since long term success heavily...   more »

full text | Pages 20–26

Polish Foreign Trade in Clothing Products

Authors: Grandys Ewa, Grandys Andrzej

Most clothing products sold in Poland are already delivered by manufacturers with predominantly Polish capital [3], hence the only way for them to boost sales is to increase export activity. To this end, the present competitive advantage...   more »

full text | Pages 28–32

Research and development

Investigation of an Innovative “Cotton Hollow” Yarn

Authors: Andrysiak Jerzy, Sikorski Krzysztof, Wilk Edward, Matusiak Małgorzata

Cotton is a basic raw material processed in the textile industry all over the world. Some new cotton products have been developed thanks to the inventions and efforts of scientists and engineers dealing with cotton. One of the...   more »

full text | Pages 33–37

Fibre Number of the Cross-section of Ringspun Yarn and its Strength Prediction Model

Authors: Zhang Hong-Wei, Li Yong-Lan

A calculation equation of the fibre number on the cross-section of ring-spun yarn was deduced theoretically and verified with test data of 20 representative pure cotton ring spun yarns. The equation is practical and convenient to use by...   more »

full text | Pages 38–40

Theoretical Study of Yarn Torque Caused by Fibre Tension in the Spinning Triangle

Authors: Su Xuzhong, Su Xuzhong, Gao Weidong, Gao Weidong, Liu Xinjin, Liu Xinjin, Xie Chunping, Xie Chunping, Xu Bojun , Xu Bojun

The spinning triangle is a critical region in the spinning process of staple yarn, the geometry of which plays an important role in determining the physical performance and qualities of spun yarns, especially yarn torque. It has been...   more »

full text | Pages 41–50

Multicriterial Optimisation of the Manufacturing Process of a Spindle Working in a Ring Spinning Frame

Authors: Płonka Stanisław, Ogiński Ludwik

In the paper a method of the best variant selection of the manufacturing process of a spindle with a collapsed balloon crown of a ring spinning frame is presented. The method implements the original optimisation procedure based on...   more »

full text | Pages 51–58

Insertion of Electrospun Nanofibres into the Inner Structure of Textiles

Authors: Ragaišienė Audronė, Rukuižienė Žaneta, Mikučioniené Daiva, Milašius Rimvydas

It is well known that a web formed by the electrospinning process can be easily damaged. The main idea of this work was to insert a web of nanofibres into the inner structure of a knitted fabric and...   more »

full text | Pages 59–62

Modification of Linen Fabrics with Health Promoting Products and its Effect on the Use Properties of the Fabrics and Natural Environment

Authors: Marszałek Romualda, Binkowska Barbara, Sapieja Andrzej, Hernik Teresa, Marcinowska Bożenna

The study involved the determination of the effect of the modification of linen fabrics with health promoting products containing different substances such as vitamin E, beeswax and natural silk protein on the use features of the fabrics and...   more »

full text | Pages 63–68

Characterisation of Composites of Bacterial Cellulose and Poly(vinyl alcohol) Obtained by Different Methods

Authors: Długa Aldona, Długa Aldona, Kaczmarek Halina

Bacterial cellulose (BNC)/poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) composites of various component ratios were obtained by three different methods: in situ synthesis of cellulose by Gluconacetobacter xylinus using the modified Schramm Hestrin culture medium mixed with PVA and two ex situ methods....   more »

full text | Pages 69–74

Processing Technique and PerformanceEvaluation of High-Modulus Organic/Inorganic Puncture-Resisting Composites

Authors: Li Ting-Ting, Lou Ching-Wen, Lin Mei-Chen, Lin Jia-Horng, Lin Jia-Horng

The development of low-cost organic/inorganic puncture-resisting composites is suggested to improve their puncture resistance and thermal insulation properties. In this paper, recycled high modulus Kevlar fiber and glass fabric were used together with polyester/lowmelting polyester nonwovens. The result shows...   more »

full text | Pages 75–80

Prediction of the Durability of Composite Soft Ballistic Inserts

Authors: Fejdyś Marzena, Cichecka Magdalena, Landwijt Marcin, Struszczyk Marcin H.

The main goal of this research was to develop a method of predicting the durability of soft ballistic inserts made of a high-strength composite based on polyethylene ultra-high molecular weight (UHMWPE) fibres. The research presents a program of...   more »

full text | Pages 81–89

Numerical and Experimental Research on Stab Resistance of a Body Armour Package

Authors: Barnat Wiesław, Sokołowski Dariusz, Gieleta Roman

In this paper the issue of the stab resistance of a ballistic package is addressed. Emphasis was placed on this issue because most modern vests are designed to meet the threat posed by firearms only. Neglect of protection...   more »

full text | Pages 90–96

Prediction of Long-lasting Relaxation Properties of Polyester Yarns and Fabrics

Authors: Milašius Rimvydas, Laureckiene Ginta

Relaxation properties are very important for various kinds of textiles and especially for technical ones. Technical textiles in their usage sometimes undergo stress for a long time and their behaviour after which is very important for prediction of...   more »

full text | Pages 97–100

Thermal Resistance of Denim Fabric under Dynamic Moist Conditions and its Investigational Confirmation

Authors: Mangat Muhammad Mushtaq, Hes Lubos

The goal of this study was to examine whether there is a correlation between the moisture content in fabric and the thermal resistance thereof. Denim fabric made of five different compositions of fibre content was used for testing...   more »

full text | Pages 101–105

Integrated Computer Vision and Soft Computing System for Classifying the Pilling Resistance of Knitted Fabrics

Authors: Eldessouki Mohamed, Eldessouki Mohamed, Bukhari Hanan A., Hassan Mounir, Hassan Mounir, Qashqary Khadijah

Fabric pilling is one of the important properties that affect fabric appearance. The testing of fabric pilling using the standard methods available, however, depends on subjective sample evaluation. Objective fabric pilling evaluation using image processing techniques comprises four main...   more »

full text | Pages 106–112

Examination of the Effects of the Physical Properties of Woven Fabrics on the Heating of Sewing Machine Needles

Authors: Dal Vedat, Kayar Mahmut, Akçagün Engin

The elementary process of the garment production process is sewing. Sewing, the most important element determining quality and durability in garment production, is the process of getting the sewing thread through the material that will be sewn with...   more »

| references | Pages 113–117

Effect of Plasma Modification on the Chemical Structure of a Polyethylene Terephthalate Fabrics Surface

Authors: Sójka-Ledakowicz Jadwiga, Kudzin Marcin

Investigations focused on physico-chemical modifications of a polyethylene terephthalate (PET) nonwoven fabric fibre surface. To improve the adhesive properties of textile products towards TiO2, their surface was treated in low-temperature plasma (cold plasma). Plasma treatment of PET fabrics was...   more »

full text | Pages 118–122

3D Garment Modelling - Creation of a Virtual Mannequin of the Human Body

Authors: Cichocka Agnieszka, Bruniaux Pascal, Bruniaux Pascal, Frydrych Iwona

This work presents the modelling and numerical simulation of mannequins as well as clothes in a 3D virtual environment. The paper explains garment modelling, with the objective of defining the development of a 3D body model that is...   more »

full text | Pages 123–131

Implementation of ATP Biolumenescence Method in the Study of the Fungal Deterioration of Textile Artefacts

Authors: Ljaljević Grbić Milica, Unković Nikola, Stupar Miloš, Vukojević Jelena, Nedeljković Tatjana

Two silk artefacts from museum collections in Serbia, a silk icon from Petar Lubarda Legacy and a scroll made with traditional japanese techniques were analyzed for fungal presence. Fungi isolated from both the silk artefacts belonged to the...   more »

full text | Pages 132–137

Textile Heritage of North and East Lithuania: National Overshot Fabrics

Authors: Petrulyte Salvinija, Petrulis Donatas

Lithuania has deep traditions in hand-loom weaving. This paper deals with the evaluation and systematisation of North and East Lithuanian hand woven overshot fabrics. This textile heritage has not yet been investigated thoroughly. Investigations of authentic woven fabrics, their...   more »

full text | Pages 137–143

General Information

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