Where you are: Home pageYear 2014Issue 5 (107)

Issue 5 (107) / 2014

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

Change Dynamics in the Process of Internationalisation of Clothing and Textile Enterprises

Authors: Patora-Wysocka Zofia

This article looks at the issues of initiating restructuring changes in clothing and textile enterprises. Changes in such enterprises are initiated and implemented in two directions: On the one hand, they occur at the macro-strategic level as an...   more »

full text | Pages 8–13

Evaluation of the Performance Attributes of Retailers Using the Scor Model and AHP: A Case Study in the Turkish Clothing Industry

Authors: Aydın Serra Demiral, Eryuruk Selin Hanife , Kalaoğlu Fatma

Today global firms in distant places are trying to find ways of controlling larger networks of production and distribution. The competitive nature of the field has increased dramatically in the retail sector in recent years. Today retailers must...   more »

full text | Pages 14–19

Apparel Purchasing with Consideration of Eco-labels among Slovenian Consumers

Authors: Žurga Zala, Tavcer Petra Forte

The increasing public awareness and sense of social responsibility related to environmental issues have led the textile and clothing industry to manufacture products with improved environmental profiles. During the 1990’s, the industrialised world witnessed a growing number of environmental...   more »

full text | Pages 20–27

Research and development

Study of Cotton Matured Fibre Quality and the Super-Molecular Structure in Upland Cotton RILs

Authors: Wang Yongbo, Wang Yongbo, Wang Yongbo, Li Caihong, Shang Haihong, Li Botao, Li Chengbo, Liu Aiying, Yuan Youlu

A RIL(recombinant inbred lines) population with 196 F6:9 lines was developed from an F2 population of upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) cross of sGK9708×0-153. sGK9708 is a commercial transgenic variety with Bt+CpTI genes resistant to budworm and 0-153 with...   more »

full text | Pages 28–33

Investigation of Naturally Coloured Cotton of Different Origin – Analysis of Fibre Properties

Authors: Matusiak Małgorzata, Frydrych Iwona

Naturally coloured cotton is naturally pigmented fibre that grows in shades of brown and green. Because the colour is present in the fibres, fabrics made of them do not have to be dyed. The elimination of the dyeing...   more »

full text | Pages 34–42

Mathematical Model of Plain Weave Fabric at Various Stages of Formation

Authors: Grechukhin А. P., Seliverstov V. Yu.

This article proposes a system of equations for forecasting grey fabric structure parameters and the parameters of fabric in different loom zones. The system of equations suggested is solved by the numerical method in various applications. This article...   more »

full text | Pages 43–48

Analysis of the Oldest Wool Fabric Found in Europe

Authors: Kovačević Stana, Car Gordana

The first part of the paper presents the historical development of looms and analyses the oldest preserved fabric samples. Emphasis is given to the analysis of woolen fabrics recently found in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the regions inhabited...   more »

full text | Pages 49–53

Design and Simulation of Jacquard Warp-knitted Towel Fabric

Authors: Cong Honglian, Li Xiuli, Zhang Aijun, Gao Zhe

This article proposes a method for designing and simulating jacquard warp-knitted towel fabric. Artistic conception drawing was used in realising the CAD design function of jacquard warp-knitted towel fabric based on the fabric structure and knitting principle. This study...   more »

full text | Pages 54–58

Influence of Raw Composition of Plain Plated Knits on their Antimicrobial Characteristics

Authors: Mickevičienė Agnė, Mikučioniené Daiva, Ragelienë Lina

This paper deals with the determination of the antimicrobial efficiency of plain plated weft knits antimicrobial treated with commercial silver chloride (AgCl (iSys Ag, Germany)) dispersed in a reactive organic-inorganic binder (iSys MTX, Germany). Antimicrobial treatment was performed by...   more »

full text | Pages 59–64

Experimental Investigation on the Stab Resistance of Warp Knitted Fabrics

Authors: Miao Xuhong, Jiang Gaoming, Kong Xiangyong, Zhao Shuaiquan

The stab resistance of two guide bar warp knitted fabric made from ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene was characterised by a maximum load, and energy at the maximum load and load versus displacement curves under quasi-static test conditions are...   more »

full text | Pages 65–70

Investigation of Puncture Behaviour of Flexible Silk Fabric Composites for Soft Body Armour

Authors: El Messiry Magdi

In the field of protective clothing, many different materials are used to provide cut, tear and puncture resistance where high levels of stiffness and shear resistance are important. In this study, an analysis of the cutting phenomenon in...   more »

full text | Pages 71–76

New Method for the Hydro-insulating of Construction Concrete by the Use of a Multifunctional Textile Geo-composite

Authors: Szafran Krzysztof, Wojtysiak Jan, Szer Jacek

A new method is presented to provide damp-proof insulation in horizontal outer constructions such as balconies, terraces and loggias, both in new buildings and existing structures requiring renovation. A newly prepared textile geo-composite is proposed for this purpose. Presented...   more »

full text | Pages 77–82

Sensitivity of Temperature Field to Material Parameters within the Clothing Laminate Process

Authors: Korycki Ryszard, Szafrańska Halina

Textile laminate is created by introducing a thermoplastic polymer between the inner layer and outer material, which is then softened by heat. The connection is secured by adhesive properties of the polymer and the pressure applied after the...   more »

full text | Pages 83–88

Influence of the Physical and Chemical Properties of Composite Insoles on the Microclimate in Protective Footwear

Authors: Irzmańska Emilia , Brochocka Agnieszka

The objective of the paper was to evaluate the influence of the physical and chemical properties of composite insoles on the microclimate in protective footwear under conditions of hard physical work. The study used the sorption kinetics of...   more »

full text | Pages 89–95

Degradation Characteristics of SPF/SPS Biocomposites

Authors: Sahari Japar, Salit Mohd Sapuan, Salit Mohd Sapuan, Zainudin Edi Syam, Zainudin Edi Syam, Maleque Mohd Abdul

In this work, sugar palm fibres (SPF) were used as a biodegradable reinforcement. SPF were incorporated into sugar palm starch (SPS) plasticised with glycerol using the compression molding process. Then the SPS and SPF/SPS biocomposites were submitted...   more »

full text | Pages 96–98

In-Compost Biodegradation of PLA Nonwovens

Authors: Gutowska Agnieszka, Jóźwicka Jolanta, Sobczak Serafina, Tomaszewski Wacław, Sulak Konrad, Miros Patrycja, Owczarek Monika, Szalczyńska Magdalena, Ciechańska Danuta, Krucińska Izabella

Presented in this work are the results of an investigation into the biodegradation of selected nonwoven materials made of commercial poly[(DL)-lactide] – PLA 6252D supplied by Nature Works® LLC, USA. The biodegradation was examined under laboratory conditions, simulating composting...   more »

full text | Pages 99–106

Colour, Abrasion and Some Colour Fastness Properties of Reactive Dyed Plain Knitted Fabrics Made from Modal Viscose Fibers

Authors: Gun Ahu Demiroz, Demircan Burcin, Acikgoz Aysen

This research presents a comparative study of the colour, abrasion and colour fastness properties of plain knitted fabrics made from 100% modal viscose fibres in different fibre finenesses such as microfibre and conventional fibre, their 50/50 blends with...   more »

full text | Pages 107–112

Decomposition of Azo Dye C.I. Direct Yellow 86 by the Fenton Process in the Presence of Nanoparticles of Iron Oxides

Authors: Kos Lech, Sójka-Ledakowicz Jadwiga, Michalska Karina, Perkowski Jan

The aim of the study was to determine the efficiency of decomposition of azo dye C.I. Direct Yellow 86 by the Fenton method in the presence of nanoparticles of iron oxides and to compare it with the classical...   more »

full text | Pages 114–120

New Eco-friendly Method for Paper Dyeing

Authors: Blus Kazimierz, Czechowski Jacek, Koziróg Anna

For economical and environmental reasons, the paper industry has shifted the production of paper products towards dyed products made from pulp grades with a high content of recovered paper. The basic method for dyeing paper products is pulp...   more »

full text | Pages 121–125

Application of Neural Networks for Estimation of Paper Properties Based on Refined Pulp Properties

Authors: Ciesielski Krzysztof, Olejnik Konrad

The main objective of the work presented was to determine the possibility of the prediction of paper properties based on refined chemical pulp properties using the neural network approach. Three main parameters related to basic refining effects were...   more »

full text | Pages 126–132

Effect of Humidity on Paper and Corrugated Board Strength Parameters

Authors: Szewczyk Włodzimierz, Głowacki Krzysztof

One of the main problems as regards practical utilisation of corrugated board as packaging material is reduced strength followed by the higher humidity of the fibrous materials of which corrugated board is made. Based on the results of...   more »

full text | Pages 133–136

General Information


in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 19/27 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Str., 90-570 Łódź, Poland e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl; ftee@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT